Publications by authors named "Pablo Ramon Gualberto Cardoso"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interleukin-18 in Brazilian Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: Can Leflunomide Reduce It?

Autoimmune Dis 2021 10;2021:6672987. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratory of Immunomodulation and New Therapeutic Approaches (LINAT), Research Group on Immunomodulation and New Therapeutic Approaches Suely Galdino (Nupit SG), Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Objectives: Rheumatoid arthritis affects about 1% of the world's population. This is a chronic autoimmune disease. It is predominant in females with progressive joint damage. Immune cells are involved, especially Th1/Th17 lymphocytes and their inflammatory cytokines. These proteins have different functions in the immune system, such as IL-16 is a chemotactic factor; IL-18 can activate NFB transcription producing inflammatory proteins; IL-31 can activate the JAK/STAT pathway which leads to the production of inflammatory factors in chronic diseases; IL-33 promotes IL-16 secretion which causes lymphocyte recruitment, and IL-32 and IL-34 appear to increase TNF secretion by macrophages activation in AR. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of IL-16, IL-18, IL-31, IL-32, IL-33, and IL-34 and compare them with the severity and treatment of RA patients if there are any correlations.

Methods: A total of 140 RA patients and 40 healthy donors were recruited from the Department of Rheumatology at Hospital das Clínicas from the Federal University of Pernambuco. 60 AR patients were naïve for any treatment. Serum cytokine levels were determined using an ELISA kit.

Results: Serum IL-16 ( = 0.0491), IL-18 ( < 0.0001), IL-31 ( = 0.0004), and IL-32 ( = 0.0040) levels were significantly increased in RA patients compared with healthy donors. It was observed that patients using leflunomide had the lowest IL-18 levels, close to controls levels ( = 0.0064).

Conclusion: IL-16, IL-18, IL-31, and IL-32 are increased in the serum of RA patients. IL-18 is at lower levels in those AR who are taking leflunomide as treatment.
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May 2021

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel imidazolidine derivatives as candidates to schistosomicidal agents.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2017 Apr 3;59:e8. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Novas Abordagens Terapêuticas, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Inovação Terapêutica Suely Galdino, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Introduction:: Schistosomiasis is an infectious parasitic disease caused by trematodes of the genus Schistosoma, which threatens at least 258 million people worldwide and its control is dependent on a single drug, praziquantel. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-Schistosoma mansoni activity in vitro of novel imidazolidine derivatives.

Material And Methods: : We synthesized two novel imidazolidine derivatives: (LPSF/PTS10) (Z)-1-(2-chloro-6-fluorobenzyl)-4-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene)-5-thioxoimidazolidin-2-one and (LPSF/PTS23) (Z)-1-(2-chloro-6-fluoro-benzyl)-5-thioxo-4-(2,4,6-trimethoxy-benzylidene)-imidazolidin-2-one. The structures of two compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. During the biological assays, parameters such as motility, oviposition, mortality and analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy were performed.

Results: : LPSF/PTS10 and LPSF/PTS23 were considered to be active in the separation of coupled pairs, mortality and to decrease the motor activity. In addition, LPSF/PTS23 induced ultrastructural alterations in worms, after 24 h of contact, causing extensive erosion over the entire body of the worms.

Conclusion: : The imidazolidine derivatives containing the trimetoxy and benzylidene halogens showed promising in vitro schistosomicidal activity.
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April 2017

Clinical and cytokine profile evaluation in Northeast Brazilian psoriasis plaque-type patients.

Eur Cytokine Netw 2016 Mar;27(1):1-5

Laboratory of Immunomodulation and Novel Therapeutic Approaches (LINAT), Research Center for Therapeutic Innovation Suely Galdino (NUPIT-SG), UFPE, Recife, Brazil.

Psoriasis is a common, enigmatic, and recurrent disease. The precise etiology and pathogenesis of psoriasis are still unclear. Psoriasis has been treated as an inflammatory disorder related to an underlying Th1/Th17-dominated immune response. Interleukins are involved in the development of psoriasis lesions through Th-17-associated inflammation. Th1 and Th17 cytokines are found in skin lesions and in the peripheral blood of psoriasis patients. We sought to analyze serum levels of IL-1-β, IL-8, IL-9, IL-27, IL-29, IL-35, IFN-γ, TNF and TGF-β in patients with psoriasis and healthy control volunteers. Blood samples were collected from fifty-three patients with psoriasis and thirty-five healthy controls. Serum cytokines concentrations were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum IL-8, IL-9, IL-27, IL-29 and TNF levels were statistically significant in psoriasis patients. Detectable serum IL-9 levels were found in 47 patients of the 53 in the psoriasis group. Interleukins-8, 27, 29 and TNF levels measured in the serum of psoriasis patients were slightly elevated as compared to healthy controls in a weakly significant way. On the other hand, there were highly significant differences in IL-9 levels between the two groups.
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March 2016

IL-17A, IL-22, IL-6, and IL-21 Serum Levels in Plaque-Type Psoriasis in Brazilian Patients.

Mediators Inflamm 2015 13;2015:819149. Epub 2015 Aug 13.

Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Novas Abordagens Terapêuticas (LINAT), Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Inovação Terapêutica Suely Galdino (NUPIT-SG), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by alterations in cytokines produced by both Th1 and Th17 pathways. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of pivotal cytokines and correlate them with clinical parameters. Serum samples from 53 psoriasis patients and 35 healthy volunteers, matched by the proportion of sex and age ratios, were collected for ELISA cytokine detection. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) was assessed at the time of sampling in psoriasis patients. Our findings demonstrate that IL-17A, IL-22, and IL-6 serum concentrations were significantly higher in psoriasis patients than in the control group. No statistical correlation could be found between cytokines concentrations, PASI score, and age in this study. Although our results do not show any correlation between serum levels of IL-17A, IL-22, and IL-6 and disease activity, the present study confirms that they were increased in Brazilian psoriasis patients in comparison to healthy volunteers.
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June 2016

Increased Serum Interleukin-9 Levels in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Pathogenic Role or Just an Epiphenomenon?

Dis Markers 2015 19;2015:519638. Epub 2015 May 19.

Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Novas Abordagens Terapêuticas (LINAT), Núcleo de Pesquisas em Inovação Terapêutica Suely Galdino (Nupit SG), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Avenida Professor Moraes Rego, s/n, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the levels of IL-9 in patients with SLE and RA compared with controls and the association of IL-9 levels with clinical and laboratory parameters. IL-9 levels were assessed in 117 SLE patients, 67 RA patients, and 24 healthy controls by ELISA. Clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded. The IL-9 serum levels were significantly higher in RA patients (4,77 ± 3,618 pg/mL) and in SLE patients (12,26 ± 25,235 pg/mL) than in healthy individuals (1,22 ± 0,706 pg/mL) (p < 0,001). In SLE patients, there were no statistically significant associations or correlations between the levels of IL-9 and SLEDAI or other clinical and laboratorial parameters, with the exception of disease time, which showed a statistically significant negative correlation with IL-9 levels (r = -0,1948; p = 0,0378). In RA patients, no association or statistically significant correlation was observed with disease duration, DAS28, HAQ, rheumatoid factor positivity, or erosions on radiography. These data demonstrated increased serum levels of IL-9 in SLE and RA patients, but further studies are needed to clarify the precise role of this cytokine and its potential use as therapeutic target.
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February 2016

Simvastatin inhibits cytokines in a dose response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Inflamm Res 2014 Apr 14;63(4):309-15. Epub 2014 Jan 14.

Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Novas Abordagens Terapêuticas, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Inovação Terapêutica Suely Galdino, Recife, Brazil.

Objective And Design: To evaluate the effects of simvastatin in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cytokines profiles and correlate with the disease state of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.

Methods: The PBMC from 22 RA patients were purified and stimulated or not stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin and were treated with simvastatin in different doses. Cytokine levels were quantified by ELISA and patients were assessed for clinical and laboratory variables. This assessment included disease activity measures [Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), Disease Activity Score for 28 joints (DAS28)] and a Health Assessment Questionnaire.

Results: The IL-17A, IL-6, IL-22 and IFN-γ were significantly reduced in a dose response after simvastatin treatment (50 μM, p = 0.0005; p < 0.0001; p < 0.02; p = 0.0005, respectively). The IL-17A and IL-6 cytokines were also significantly reduced in lower concentrations of simvastatin (10 μM) compared to controls (p = 0.018; p = 0.04) and compared to the standard drug (p = 0.007; p = 0.0001). The results also showed that only RA patients with severe disease (DAS28 >5.1 and CDAI >22) had poor response to simvastatin in reducing cytokines levels, mainly for IL-17A and IL-22 cytokines (p = 0.03; p = 0.039, respectively).

Conclusion: The RA patients in clinical remission, mild or moderate had lower levels of all cytokines analyzed after simvastatin treatment, showing that these patients have better response to treatment. Our findings suggest that the simvastatin therapy modulates different cytokines in a dose dependent manner and its effect is associated with stratification of patients according to disease activity.
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April 2014