Publications by authors named "P Ganga Devi"

452 Publications

Effect of Chlorophytum borivilianum supplementation on milk production, composition and fatty acid profile in crossbred cows during hot-humid season.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Apr 30;53(2):300. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Animal Physiology Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, 132001, India.

The present investigation was carried out to test the efficacy of Chlorophytum borivilianum (CB) supplementation on milk production, composition, and fatty acid profile in crossbred (KF) cows. Eighteen crossbred cows were selected randomly from the institute herd and divided as control (n = 6), treatment 1 (T1, n = 6) and treatment 2 (T2, n = 6) based on body weight (av. 410.45, 424.47, 414.45 kg) and milk yield (av. 15.17, 15.80, 15.95 kg/d), respectively. The CB was supplemented at low dose at a dose rate of 40 mg/kg BW/day (T1) and high dose at a dose rate of 80 mg/kg BW/day (T2) during hot-humid (HH) season. The parameters like milk yield, dry matter intake (DMI), and body weight were recorded and milk composition viz., milk fat, solid not fat (SNF), protein, and fatty acid profile, somatic cell count (SCC), and plasminogen were estimated. Temperature humidity index (THI) was calculated to assess the level of heat stress on animals during hot-humid (HH) season. Body weight of crossbred cows did not vary between the groups during HH season. C. borivilianum supplementation in higher dose (80 mg/kg BW/day) increased DMI (per 100 kg BW) (p < 0.01) in T2 group KF cows in comparison to T1 and control group. The supplementation of CB in high dose increased milk yield, milk fat, protein, plasminogen and decreased SCC in comparison to low dose and control. Further, ratio of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids (SFAs:UFAs) was significantly reduced (p < 0.01) due to CB supplementation at higher dose in comparison to lower dose. It was concluded that supplementation of C. borivilianum at a dose rate of 80 mg/kg BW/day was found effective to augment milk production. The reduced saturated fatty acid, milk SCC, and the increase in unsaturated fatty acid content of milk, milk plasminogen suggest that its supplementation could be used in improving the mammary health and quality of milk production in dairy animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-021-02747-7DOI Listing
April 2021

The utility of Vibratip in accurate identification of loss of protective sensation in the contralateral foot of patients admitted with a diabetic foot ulcer.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Apr 7;15(3):857-862. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Endocrinology, St. Johns Medical College Hospital, Sarjapur Road, Bangalore, 560034, India. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a debilitating complication of type 2 DM. Complexity of foot examination often precludes proper clinical assessment of the foot during routine evaluation. We assessed the utility of novel device, vibratip, both singly and in combination with standard bedside tools for assessment of loss of protective sensation.

Methods: 75 patients admitted with DFU were included in the study. Clinical examination of the contralateral foot was done - temperature perception, vibration, pinprick sensation, Achilles tendon reflex and Neuropathy disability score were assessed. Testing using 10 g Monofilament, Vibratip and biothesiometer were also done. Considering the biothesiometer as the reference standard, three bedside tests (Vibratip, 10 g monofilament and 128 Hz tuning fork) were compared against it singly and in combinations.

Results: When compared against biothesiometer, vibratip performed significantly well with a positive predictive value of 90.3% and specificity of 84.2%. Sensitivity, however, was only 50%. On combining bedside tests, the best combination strategy was seen with vibratip and 10 g monofilament, which improved the sensitivity to 62.5%. Combining all three bedside tests further improved sensitivity to 64.3%.

Conclusion: All the patients with an at-risk foot may not be identified with vibratip alone. Nevertheless, an abnormal result is almost always associated with loss of protective sensation, and such persons should be suitably educated.

Limitations: Due to small size of the study population, it is not possible to generalize the findings to all patients with diabetes mellitus. A larger study would be required to provide more confirmatory findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2021.03.023DOI Listing
April 2021

Optimising Cancer Surgery During COVID-19: Experience of Tertiary Cancer Centre in Eastern India.

Indian J Gynecol Oncol 2021 26;19(2):29. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Head and Neck Oncology, AHPGIC, Cuttack, Odisha India.

Purpose: The timely management of cancer surgery suffered due to COVID-19 and nationwide lockdown. Continuing cancer surgery was a challenge faced by all. We present our experience on cancer surgery in a cancer centre with high volume of patients and limited resources during early pandemic.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed our operation theatre database on surgery and anaesthesia from 1st April to 30th June 2020.

Results: A total of 457 surgeries were done-complex major, major, intermediate and minor surgeries constituted 43%, 25%, 12% and 20%, respectively. Median age of patient was 50 years, and 76% were below 60. The median ASA class was I (I-IV), and 97% were ASA I and II. The median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score was 0 (0-3), and 92% had score 0 and 1. Major cases done under regional anaesthesia were 30.7%. Median length of intensive care unit stay was 1 (1-6) days, and length of hospital stay was 7 (7-15) days. Clavien-Dindo Grade II complication in patients above 60 years was 16.4% and below 60 years was 17.6% ( = 0.76). 10% in ASA I compared to 26% of ASA II ( = 0.00) and 15.9% with ECOG 0 and 1 compared to 30.9% with ECOG 3 and 4 ( = 0.01) had grade II complication. Four (1%) patients had Grade ≥ III CD complication. Covid testing was undertaken in 52% patients pre-operatively, and there was no positive case in post-operative period.

Conclusions: Adopting and implementing institutional policy catering to limited resource available at our centre, we facilitated cancer surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40944-021-00502-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7994347PMC
March 2021

Vestibular Incision Subperiosteal Tunnel Access Technique with Platelet-Rich Fibrin Compared to Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft for the Treatment of Multiple Gingival Recessions: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

Contemp Clin Dent 2020 Jul-Sep;11(3):249-255. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Periodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of root coverage through vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique using platelet rich fibrin (PRF) or subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) in multiple gingival recessions.

Materials And Methods: A total of 20 patients with multiple gingival recessions were included, and 10 subjects were randomly allocated to test group (VISTA with PRF) and 10 patients to control group (VISTA with SCTG). Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Patient's response toward the treatment was also assessed by questionnaire.

Results: All the clinical parameters in the study have showed better results in test group when compared to control group after a follow up period of 6 months with statistical significance.

Conclusion: The results of the present study suggested that multiple gingival recessions can be successfully treated with both procedures, but better root coverage and a greater increase in keratinized tissue were achieved with the VISTA technique with SCTG. All the patients in both groups felt it was worth undergoing the treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_405_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7989760PMC
November 2020

Chemical composition, nutritive value and health benefits of edible clam (Chemnitz) from West Coast of India.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Mar 31;58(3):1165-1176. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Bioorganic Chemistry Lab, Chemical Oceanography Division, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, 403004 Goa India.

The present study was undertaken with a view to determine the nutraceutical value of the commonly consumed edible clam, (Chemnitz), based on the identification of its organic chemical constituents particularly lipids and carbohydrates. Electrospray ionization tandem mass analysis of the bivalve indicated maltodextrins to be the major carbohydrate constituent. Triacylglycerols (TAGs) (0.88%, dry weight) were rich in C14:0, C16:0 to C18:0 (6-11%) saturated and monounsaturated palmitoleic (C16:1n9c; 11.76%) and oleic fatty acids (C18:1n9c; 14.53%). Though the clams contained PUFAs which are known to be beneficial in lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases, they were devoid of docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n3). Maltodextrins being less digestible than glucose beneficially affects the host by selectively stimulating the growth of gut microflora particularly and These microflora inhibit colonization of pathogens by producing butyrate. The profile of sterols (1.67%, dry wt.) showed it to be a complex mixture of C26, C27, C29 and C30. To our knowledge no reports are available in the literature on the identification of maltodextrins and of positional distribution of PUFA's at the position of TAGs in . The results of this study demonstrated the positive attributes of the bivalve for human consumption.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04630-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7884575PMC
March 2021