Publications by authors named "Otto Hartman"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hydroxychloroquine reduces interleukin-6 levels after myocardial infarction: The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled OXI pilot trial.

Int J Cardiol 2021 Aug 4;337:21-27. Epub 2021 May 4.

Heart and Lung Center, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine the anti-inflammatory effect and safety of hydroxychloroquine after acute myocardial infarction.

Method: In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled OXI trial, 125 myocardial infarction patients were randomized at a median of 43 h after hospitalization to receive hydroxychloroquine 300 mg (n = 64) or placebo (n = 61) once daily for 6 months and, followed for an average of 32 months. Laboratory values were measured at baseline, 1, 6, and 12 months.

Results: The levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) were comparable at baseline between study groups (p = 0.18). At six months, the IL-6 levels were lower in the hydroxychloroquine group (p = 0.042, between groups), and in the on-treatment analysis, the difference at this time point was even more pronounced (p = 0.019, respectively). The high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels did not differ significantly between study groups at any time points. Eleven patients in the hydroxychloroquine group and four in the placebo group had adverse events leading to interruption or withdrawal of study medication, none of which was serious (p = 0.10, between groups).

Conclusions: In patients with myocardial infarction, hydroxychloroquine reduced IL-6 levels significantly more than did placebo without causing any clinically significant adverse events. A larger randomized clinical trial is warranted to prove the potential ability of hydroxychloroquine to reduce cardiovascular endpoints after myocardial infarction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.04.062DOI Listing
August 2021

Congestive heart failure: more common as well as an important cardiovascular outcome: reply.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2017 04;3(2):99

Heart and Lung Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, HUS, 00029, Finland, PL 340.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjcvp/pvw050DOI Listing
April 2017

Hydroxychloroquine for the prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events in myocardial infarction patients: rationale and design of the OXI trial.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2017 04;3(2):92-97

Heart and Lung Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, PL 340, 00029 HUS, Finland.

Background: Inflammation of the arterial wall plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Among patients with rheumatic diseases, anti-rheumatic medication reduces the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) diseases, but only few studies have addressed their cardioprotective effects on patients with no rheumatic diseases. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an anti-rheumatic drug commonly used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In addition to its anti-inflammatory properties, HCQ reduces cholesterol levels and the risk of type II diabetes, and has also anti-platelet effects.

Design: The OXI trial is an event-driven trial that will randomize 2500 patients hospitalized for myocardial infarction (MI). Participants will receive active HCQ or placebo for at least 12 months, and until 350 CV events are confirmed. The primary trial endpoint is the composite of death, MI, hospitalization for unstable angina, urgent percutaneous coronary intervention, and urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. Secondary trial endpoints are the primary end point plus stroke, the effect of HCQ treatment on lipids, on the incidence of Type 2 diabetes, on the level of haemoglobin A1c, and on inflammatory parameters. A 6 months placebo-controlled safety pilot trial with 200 patients is currently ongoing to assess the safety of HCQ in the setting of MI.

Summary: The OXI trial will determine whether treatment with HCQ, as compared with placebo, will reduce recurrent CV events among MI patients. If positive, then the OXI trial would provide an entirely novel multitarget approach for the secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ACVD).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjcvp/pvw035DOI Listing
April 2017
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