Publications by authors named "Ottfried Balthasar"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metabolic Disorders/Obesity Is a Primary Risk Factor in Hidradenitis Suppurativa: An Immunohistochemical Real-World Approach.

Dermatology 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology and Immunology, Dessau Medical Center, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane and Faculty of Health Sciences Brandenburg, Dessau, Germany.

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory, potentially scarring disease of the hair follicle, affecting the apocrine gland-bearing skin areas. The major comorbid disorders associated with the occurrence or the aggravation of the disease are obesity and smoking. Numerous efforts to dissociate these factors led to controversial results.

Objectives: To assess the importance of metabolic disorders/obesity, smoking/environmental toxins, and inflammation in HS by utilizing the differential expression of major relevant protein markers in lesional skin of obese/smoking versus non-obese/non-smoking HS patients.

Methods: Lesional skin specimens deriving from two groups of HS patients (BMI >30 and smokers, n = 12 vs. BMI <30 and non-smokers, n = 10) were stained with antibodies raised against irisin, PPARγ, and IGF-1R, which correlate with metabolic disorders/obesity, EGFR and AhR, associated with smoking, and IL-17, IL-17R, and S100A8, as markers of inflammation.

Results: Metabolic disorders/obesity-related markers exhibited marked differential expression between the two groups, while smoking-associated markers a limited one. IL-17R expression was stronger in obese/smokers, and S100A8 staining exhibited intense strong immunoreactivity in both groups without significant difference.

Conclusions: The notion that obesity plays a role in HS development appears to be supported by the prominent regulation of the associated lesional biomarkers. Tobacco smoking might contribute less to HS than previously suspected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000517017DOI Listing
July 2021

3D-SeboSkin Model for Human ex vivo Studies of Hidradenitis Suppurativa/Acne Inversa.

Dermatology 2021 Jun 2:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology, and Immunology, Dessau Medical Center, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane and Faculty of Health Sciences Brandenburg, Dessau, Germany.

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent inflammatory skin disease. Its pivotal pathogenetic event is believed to be the occlusion of the hair follicle generating a perifollicular lympho-histiocytic inflammation. However, knowledge of the exact HS pathogenesis requires further research.

Objective: To develop a human HS model applicable in preclinical research which could help to understand the pathophysiology of HS and to determine the action of therapeutic candidates.

Methods: The 3D-SeboSkin technology was applied to maintain explants of involved and uninvolved skin of HS patients ex vivo for 3 days. Detection of differential expression of previously detected HS biomarkers was performed by immunohistochemistry in a group of female patients (n = 9, mean age 37.2 ± 8.4 years).

Results: The application of the 3D-SeboSkin model preserved the structural integrity of lesional and perilesional HS skin ex vivo, as previously described for healthy skin. Moreover, the HS 3D-SeboSkin setting maintained the differential expression and pattern of several HS biomarkers (S100A9, KRT16, SERPINB3) in epidermal and dermal tissue and the appendages.

Conclusion: We have validated HS 3D-SeboSkin as a reproducible, human model, which is appropriate for preclinical lesional and perilesional HS skin studies ex vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000515955DOI Listing
June 2021
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