Publications by authors named "Osman Faruk Bayramlar"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Predictors of Intensive Care Unit Admission or Death in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in Istanbul, Turkey.

Jpn J Infect Dis 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Turkey.

We aimed to determine the predictors of intensive care unit (ICU) admission or death in patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. This retrospective and single-center study includes patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia (laboratory and radiologically confirmed) between March 9 and April 8, 2020. Our composite endpoint was ICU admission or in-hospital death. To evaluate the factors in the composite endpoint, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. A total of 336 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia were recorded. The median age was 54 years [interquartile range (IQR): 21] and 187 (55.7%) were male. Fifty-one (15.2%) patients were admitted to the ICU. In-hospital death occurred in 33 (9.8%) patients. In univariate analysis, 17 parameters were associated with the composite endpoint and procalcitonin had the highest ODDs ratio (OR=36.568 CI=5.145-259.915). Our results revealed that body temperature (OR=1.489 CI=1.023-2.167, p=0.037), peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) (OR=0.835 CI=0.773-0.901, p<0.001), and consolidation (>25%) in chest computed tomography (OR=3.170 CI=1.218-8.252, p=0.018) at admission were independent predictors. As a result, increased body temperature, decreased SpO2, a high level of procalcitonin, and degree of consolidation in chest computed tomography may predict a poor prognosis and have utility in the management of patients.
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February 2021

The effect of liver test abnormalities on the prognosis of COVID-19.

Ann Hepatol 2020 Nov - Dec;19(6):614-621. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread rapidly across the world. In our study, we aim to investigate the relationship between the liver enzymes on admission (AST, ALT, ALP, GGT) and severity of COVID-19. We evaluated course of disease, hospital stay, liver damage and mortality.

Materials And Methods: Our study included 614 patients who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 between 03.16.20 and 05.12.20. Patients with liver disease, hematological and solid organ malignancy with liver metastases were excluded, resulting in 554 patients who met our inclusion criteria. We retrospectively evaluated liver transaminase levels, AST/ALT ratio, cholestatic enzyme levels and R ratio during hospital admission and these were compared in terms of morbidity, mortality and clinical course.

Results: Mean age of 554 subjects were 66.21±15.45 years, 328 (59.2%) were men. The mean values of liver enzymes on admission were AST (36.2±33.6U/L), ALT (34.01±49.34U/L), ALP (78.8±46.86U/L), GGT (46.25±60.05U/L). Mortality rate and need for intensive care unit were statistically significant in subjects that had high ALT-AST levels during their admission to the hospital (p=0.001). According to the ROC analysis AST/ALT ratio was a good marker of mortality risk (AUC=0.713: p=0.001) and expected probability of intensive care unit admission (AUC=0.636: p=0.001). R ratio, which was used to evaluate prognosis, showed a poor prognosis rate of 26.5% in the cholestatic injury group, 36.1% in the mixed pattern group and 30% in the hepato-cellular injury group (p 0.001).

Conclusions: ALT-AST elevation and AST/ALT ratio >1 was associated with more severe course and increased mortality in COVID-19.
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November 2020

Risk factors for development of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal bacteremia among VRE colonizers : A retrospective case control study.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 May 10;133(9-10):478-483. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Infectious Disease, Medical School of Cerrahpasa, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: We aimed to determine the proportion of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) colonized patients among all inpatients who later developed VRE bacteremia during hospital stay and to identify the risk factors for VRE bacteremia at a tertiary hospital.

Material And Methods: Patients with positive rectal screening or any clinically significant positive culture results for VRE were included in 1‑year follow-up. Colonization with VRE was defined as a positive culture (rectal, stool, urinary) for VRE without infection and VRE bacteremia was defined as positive blood culture if the signs and symptoms were compatible with infection. To determine the risk factors for VRE bacteremia among VRE colonized patients, a retrospective case control study was performed. The two groups were compared in terms of variables previously defined as risk factors in the literature.

Results: Of 947 positive samples, 17 VRE bacteremia were included in the analysis. Cephalosporin use for more than 3 days within 3 months was a significant risk factor for bacteremia (p = 0.008). Prior use of carbapenems was found to be statistically significant for bacteremia (p = 0.007). In multivariate analyses the use of carbapenems and cephalosporins was an independent risk factor for developing bacteremia among VRE colonizers (odds ratio, OR, 6.67; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.30-34; p = 0.022 and OR 4.32, 95% CI 1.23-15; p = 0.022, respectively).

Conclusion: A VRE colonization in patients receiving broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics including carbapenems and cephalosporins may result in bacteremia. It is possible to keep mortality at very low levels in VRE bacteremia with effective infection control measures, rapid infectious diseases consultation and rational antimicrobial treatment based on current epidemiological data.
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May 2021