Publications by authors named "Orlando Garcia Ribeiro"

22 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nyctinomops laticaudatus bat-associated Rabies virus causes disease with a shorter clinical period and has lower pathogenic potential than strains isolated from wild canids.

Arch Virol 2019 Oct 10;164(10):2469-2477. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Pasteur Institute, Av. Paulista 393, São Paulo, SP, CEP 01311-000, Brazil.

Rabies is a lethal viral disease that can affect a wide range of mammals. Currently, Rabies virus (RABV) in some European and American countries is maintained primarily in wild species. The regulation of viral replication is one of the critical mechanisms involved in RABV pathogenesis. However, the relationship between replication and the pathogenesis of RABV isolated from wild animals remains poorly understood. In the present study, we evaluated the pathogenicity of the street viruses Nyctinomops laticaudatus bat-associated RABV (NYBRV) and Cerdocyon thous canid-associated RABV (CECRV). Infection of mice with NYBRV led to 33% mortality with rapid disease evolution and marked histopathological changes in the CNS. In contrast, infection with CECRV led to 67% mortality and caused mild neuropathological lesions. The proportion of RABV antigen was significantly higher in the cytoplasm of neuronal cells of the cerebral cortex and in the meninges of mice infected with CECRV and NYBRV, respectively. Moreover, the replication rate of NYBRV was significantly higher (p < 0.001) than that of CECRV in neuroblastoma cells. However, CECRV replicated to a significantly higher titer in epithelial cells. Our results indicate that NYBRV infection results in rapid disease progression accompanied by frequent and intense histopathological alterations in the CNS in mice, and in a high replication rate in neuroblastoma cells. Although, CECRV is more pathogenic in mice, it caused milder histopathological changes in the CNS and replicated more efficiently in epithelial cells. Our data point to a correlation between clinical aspects of disease and the replication of RABV in different cell lines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04335-5DOI Listing
October 2019

Genetic Predisposition to Hepatocarcinogenesis in Inbred and Outbred Mouse Lines Selected for High or Low Inflammatory Response.

J Immunol Res 2019 31;2019:5298792. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

AIRmax and AIRmin mouse strains phenotypically selected for high and low acute inflammatory responsiveness (AIR) are, respectively, susceptible or resistant to developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induced by the chemical carcinogens urethane and diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Early production of TNF-, IL-1, and IL-6 in the liver after DEN treatment correlated with tumor development in AIRmax mice. Transcriptome analysis of livers from untreated AIRmax and AIRmin mice showed specific gene expression profiles in each line, which might play a role in their differential susceptibility to HCC. Linkage analysis with SNP markers in F2 (AIRmax×AIRmin) intercross mice revealed two quantitative trait loci (QTL) in chromosomes 2 and 9, which are significantly associated with the number and progression of urethane-induced liver tumors. An independent linkage analysis with an intercross population from A/J and C57BL/6J inbred mice mapped regions in chromosomes 1 and 7 associated with the progression of urethane-induced liver tumors, evidencing the heterogeneity of HCC genetic control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5298792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462334PMC
August 2019

Early Peritoneal CC Chemokine Production Correlates with Divergent Inflammatory Phenotypes and Susceptibility to Experimental Arthritis in Mice.

J Immunol Res 2019 26;2019:2641098. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Immunogenetics Laboratory, Butantan Institute, Avenida Vital Brasil, 1500, São Paulo 05503-900, Brazil.

The inflammatory and autoimmune events preceding clinical symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other autoimmune diseases are difficult to study in human patients. Therefore, animal models that share immunologic and clinical features with human RA, such as pristane-induced arthritis (PIA), are valuable tools for assessing the primordial events related to arthritis susceptibility. PIA-resistant HIII and susceptible LIII mice were injected i.p. with pristane, and peritoneal lavage fluid was harvested in the early (7 days) and late (35 days) preclinical phases of PIA. Chemokine and cytokine levels were measured in lavage supernatant with ELISA, peritoneal inflammatory leukocytes were immunophenotyped by flow cytometry, and gene expression was determined by qRT-PCR. Leukocyte recruitment was quantitatively and qualitatively divergent in the peritoneum of HIII and LIII mice, with an early increase of CC chemokines (CCL2/CCL3/CCL5/CCL12/CCL22) in the susceptible LIII strain. Also, cytokines such as IL-12p40, IL-23, and IL-18 were elevated in LIII mice while IL-6 was increased in HIII animals. The results show that an early peritoneal CC chemokine response is an important feature of arthritis susceptibility and defines potential biomarkers in this model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2641098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413398PMC
July 2019

miRNA Expression and Interaction with Genes Involved in Susceptibility to Pristane-Induced Arthritis.

J Immunol Res 2018 16;2018:1928405. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo 05503000, Brazil.

Pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) in mice is an experimental model that resembles human rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic autoimmune disease that affects joints and is characterized by synovial inflammation and articular cartilage and bone destruction. AIRmax and AIRmin mouse lines differ in their susceptibility to PIA, and linkage analysis in this model mapped arthritis severity QTLs in chromosomes 5 and 8. miRNAs are a class of small RNA molecules that have been extensively studied in the development of arthritis. We analyzed miRNA and gene expression profiles in peritoneal cells of AIRmax and AIRmin lines, in order to evaluate the genetic architecture in this model. Susceptible AIRmax mice showed higher gene (2025 vs 1043) and miRNA (240 vs 59) modulation than resistant AIRmin mice at the onset of disease symptoms. miR-132-3p/212-3p, miR-106-5p, miR-27b-3p, and miR-25-3p were among the miRNAs with the highest expression in susceptible animals, showing a negative correlation with the expression of predicted target genes (, , and ). Our study showed that global gene and miRNA expression profiles in peritoneal cells of susceptible AIRmax and resistant AIRmin lines during pristane-induced arthritis are distinct, evidencing interesting targets for further validation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1928405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311868PMC
April 2019

Street rabies virus strains associated with insectivorous bats are less pathogenic than strains isolated from other reservoirs.

Antiviral Res 2018 12 26;160:94-100. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Laboratory of Diagnostic, Pasteur Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Rabies is a fatal and viral zoonosis that causes acute, progressive encephalitis and remains an important concern in public health. In the last few years, there has been a change in the epidemiological profile of rabies after implementing canine rabies control in the Americas, which has led to a significant increase in both human and pet cases of rabies associated with insectivorous bats. Thus, it is important to understand the pathogenesis caused by Rabies virus (RABV) isolates from insectivorous bats. Viral growth kinetics, cell-to-cell spread and virus uptake in vitro were analyzed for RABV isolates from Eptesicus furiralis and Myotis nigricans. For pathogenesis evaluation, mice were inoculated with RABV isolates from Eptesicus furiralis and Myotis nigricans, and clinical signs were observed for 40 days. We observed that the insectivorous bat strains showed a higher replication rate, faster cell-to-cell spread and delayed virus uptake in N2a cells. Furthermore, after the first sign of a clinical infection, mice infected with Myotis nigricans and Eptesicus furiralis isolates succumbed rapidly (6 ± 9 days) compared with RABV strains associated with other reservoirs. Our results show that the insectivorous bat RABV strains are less pathogenic for mice than strains associated with other reservoirs. In addition, this study also indicates that the differences in the biological characteristics of the RABV strains are important to their pathogenicity. An enhanced understanding of rabies pathogenesis may be important for the development of novel therapies for humans and in the implementation of rabies control strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.10.023DOI Listing
December 2018

Infection of neuroblastoma cells by rabies virus is modulated by the virus titer.

Antiviral Res 2018 01 6;149:89-94. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Laboratory of Diagnostic, Pasteur Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Rabies is a lethal viral infection that can affect almost all mammals, including humans. To better understand the replication of Rabies lyssavirus, we investigated if the viral load in brains naturally infected with rabies influences viral internalization and viral growth kinetics in neuroblastoma cells, and if the viral load affects mortality in mice after intradermal infection. We noted that high initial viral loads in brains (group II) were unfavourable for increasing viral titers during serial passages in neuroblastoma cells when compared to low initial viral loads in brains (group I). In addition, group I strains showed higher viral growth and enhanced internalization efficiency in neuroblastoma cells than group II strains. However, we observed that the dominant virus subpopulation in group II promoted efficient viral infection in the central nervous system in the new host, providing a selective advantage to the virus. Our data indicate that rabies infection in animal models depends on not only the virus strain but also the amount of virus. This study may serve as a basis for understanding the biologic proprieties of Rabies lyssavirus strains with respect to the effects on viral replication and the impact on pathogenesis, improving virus yields for use in vaccine development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2017.11.003DOI Listing
January 2018

Delayed progression of rabies transmitted by a vampire bat.

Arch Virol 2016 Sep 15;161(9):2561-6. Epub 2016 Jun 15.

Laboratório de Diagnóstico da Raiva, Instituto Pasteur of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Here, we compared the growth kinetics, cell-to-cell spread, and virus internalization kinetics in N2a cells of RABV variants isolated from vampire bats (V-3), domestic dogs (V-2) and marmosets (V-M) as well as the clinical symptoms and mortality caused by these variants. The replication rate of V-3 was significantly higher than those of V-2 and V-M. However, the uptake and spread of these RABV variants into N2a cells were inversely proportional. Nevertheless, V-3 had longer incubation and evolution periods. Our results provide evidence that the clinical manifestations of infection with bat RABV variant occur at a later time when compared to what was observed with canine and marmoset rabies virus variants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-016-2927-3DOI Listing
September 2016

Distinct gene expression profiles provoked by polyacrylamide beads (Biogel) during chronic and acute inflammation in mice selected for maximal and minimal inflammatory responses.

Inflamm Res 2016 Apr 28;65(4):313-23. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Avenida Vital Brasil 1500, São Paulo, SP, 05503900, Brazil.

Objective And Design: AIRmax and AIRmin mice differ in their local acute inflammatory reactions to polyacrylamide beads (Biogel). These lines were developed to identify genes that affect the intensity of the acute inflammatory response (AIR) and to investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms of acute inflammation. Although these lines are well established, differences in their responses to chronic inflammatory Biogel exposure have not yet been described. We investigated whether the selective process that modified the acute inflammatory responses in these animals also affected the development of their chronic inflammatory responses.

Results: Inflammatory exudate cell infiltration was more intense in AIRmax than AIRmin mice at both 48 h and 30 days. Genes involved in signal transduction and immune/inflammatory responses were differentially expressed in the treated skin of AIRmax and AIRmin mice, and divergent expression of some acute inflammatory response genes was detected up to 30 days post-Biogel. However, distinct expression of several pro and anti-inflammatory response genes in both periods was observed.

Conclusion: These results indicate that the selective process for acute inflammation affected the development of chronic inflammatory responses to Biogel, suggesting common genetic control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-016-0918-1DOI Listing
April 2016

7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced genotoxicity on bone marrow cells from mice phenotypically selected for low acute inflammatory response.

DNA Repair (Amst) 2016 Jan 2;37:43-52. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Immunogenetics Laboratory, Butantan Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) environmental contaminants has been associated with the development of mutations and cancer. 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene ( DMBA), a genotoxic agent, reacts with DNA directly, inducing p53-dependent cytotoxicity resulting in cell death by apoptosis or giving rise to cancer. DMBA metabolism largely depends on activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Mice phenotypically selected for high (AIRmax) or low (AIRmin) acute inflammatory response present a complete segregation of Ahr alleles endowed with low (Ahr(d)) or high (Ahr(b1)) affinity to PAHs, respectively. To evaluate the role of AhR genetic polymorphism on the bone marrow susceptibility to DMBA, AIRmax and AIRmin mice were treated with a single intraperitoneal injection of DMBA (50mg/kg b.w.) in olive oil. Bone marrow cells (BMCs) were phenotyped by both flow cytometry and cytoslide preparations. Despite a significant decrease in total cell count in BM from AIRmin mice, there was an increase of blast cells and immature neutrophils at 1 and 50 days after DMBA treatment, probably due to a cell-cycle blockade at the G1/S transition leading to immature stage cell production. A panel of proteins related to cell cycle regulation was evaluated in immature BM cells (Lin(-)) by Western Blot, and DNA damage and repair were measured using an alkaline version of the Comet assay. In Lin(-) cells isolated from AIRmin mice, high levels were found in both p53 and p21 protein contents in contrast with the low levels of CDK4 and Ciclin D1. Evaluation of DNA repair in DMBA-treated BMCs, indicated long-lasting genotoxicity and cytotoxicity in BMC from AIRmin mice and a blockade of cell cycle progression. On the other hand, AIRmax mice have a high capacity of DNA damage repair and protection. These mechanisms can be associated with the differential susceptibility to the toxic and carcinogenic effects of DMBA observed in these mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.006DOI Listing
January 2016

Oral infection with enteropathogenic Escherichia coli triggers immune response and intestinal histological alterations in mice selected for their minimal acute inflammatory responses.

Microbiol Immunol 2014 Jun;58(6):352-9

Immunogenetics Laboratory, Butantan Institute.

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), a leading cause of infant diarrhea, is an important public health problem in Brazil and other developing countries. In vitro assays of bacterial adhesion to cultured cells are important tools for studying bacterial pathogenicity but do not reproduce all the events that occur in natural infections. In this study, the effects of oral infection with EPEC on mice selected for their minimal acute inflammatory response (AIR min) were evaluated. Mice were orally infected with EPEC and variations in body weight, bacterial shedding and antibody production observed. The infected animals developed seric and secretory anti-EPEC antibodies; however, neither mortality nor diarrhea was observed. Light microscopy of their intestines demonstrated histological modifications that were not present in controls. However, electron microscopy did not show bacteria attached to the intestinal epithelia to form attaching and effacing lesions, characteristic of EPEC in humans. The bacteria were detected in Peyer's patches and intestinal contents up to 5 hr post-infection. When human anti-EPEC secretory immunoglobulin A or avian immunoglobulin Y antibodies were administered to infected animals, they developed minor histological alterations compared with non-treated animals. In summary, it was found that EPEC triggers immune responses and intestinal histological alterations but does not produce evidence of diarrheal disease in mice infected by the oral route. This study of EPEC experimental infection provides a better understanding of the effects of antibodies on bacterial infections and may provide a suitable model for the design and testing of immunobiological products for active or passive immunization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1348-0421.12153DOI Listing
June 2014

7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced myelotoxicity differs in mice selected for high or low acute inflammatory response: relationship with aryl hydrocarbon receptor polymorphism.

Int J Toxicol 2014 Mar-Apr;33(2):130-42. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Av Dr Vital Brazil, 1500, CEP 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Email:

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), are environmental pollutants that exert multiple toxic and carcinogenic effects. Studies showed that these effects are mediated by activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and modulated by allelic variants of Ahr gene. Here, we investigated the effects of DMBA treatment in the inflammatory response and bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic function of maximal acute inflammatory response (AIRmax) and minimal acute inflammatory response (AIRmin) heterogeneous mouse lines selected for high and low acute inflammatory responsiveness, respectively. The phenotypic selection resulted in the segregation of the Ahr(d) and Ahr(b1) alleles that confer low and high receptor ligand-binding affinity, respectively, in AIRmax and AIRmin mice. We observed a reduction in BM mature granulocyte population in AIRmin mice 24 hours after DMBA treatment while both blast and immature myeloid cells were increased. Proliferation and differentiation of BM myeloid cells in response to in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor stimulus were impaired in AIRmin-treated mice. These DMBA effects on myeloid BM cells (BMCs) affected the in vivo leukocyte migration to an inflammatory site induced by polyacrylamide beads (Biogel P-100, Bio-Rad, France) injection in AIRmin mice. On the other hand, these alterations were not observed in DMBA-treated AIRmax mice. These data indicate that DMBA affects myeloid cell differentiation and inflammatory response and Ahr(b1) allele in the genetic background of AIRmin mice contributes to this effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1091581814522837DOI Listing
November 2014

Genetic control of renal tumorigenesis by the mouse Rtm1 locus.

BMC Genomics 2013 Oct 22;14:724. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Instituto Butantan, Avenida Dr, Vital Brazil, 1500, 05503-900 São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The genetic basis of susceptibility to renal tumorigenesis has not yet been established in mouse strains. Mouse lines derived by bidirectional phenotypic selection on the basis of their maximal (AIRmax) or minimal (AIRmin) acute inflammatory responsiveness differ widely in susceptibility to spontaneous and urethane-induced renal tumorigenesis. To map the functional loci modulating renal tumor susceptibility in these mice, we carried out a genome-wide genetic linkage study, using SNP arrays, in an (AIRmax x AIRmin)F2 intercross population treated with a single urethane dose at 1 week of age and phenotyped for renal tumors at 35 weeks of age.

Results: AIRmax mice did not develop renal tumors spontaneously nor in response to urethane, whereas in AIRmin mice renal tumors formed spontaneously (in 52% of animals) and after urethane induction (89%). The tumors had a papillary morphology and were positive for alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase and negative for CD10. By analysis of 879 informative SNPs in 662 mice, we mapped a single quantitative trait locus modulating the incidence of renal tumors in the (AIRmax x AIRmin)F2 intercross population. This locus, which we named Renal tumor modifier QTL 1 (Rtm1), mapped to chromosome 17 at 23.4 Mb (LOD score = 15.8), with SNPs rs3696835 and rs3719497 flanking the LOD score peak. The A allele of rs3719497 from AIRmin mice was associated with a 2.5-fold increased odds ratio for renal tumor development. The LOD score peak included the Tuberous sclerosis 2 (Tsc2) gene which has already been implicated in kidney disease: loss of function by germline retroviral insertion is associated with spontaneous renal tumorigenesis in the Eker rat, and heterozygous-null Tsc2(+/-) mice develop renal cystadenomas.

Conclusions: We mapped Rtm1 as a single major locus modulating renal tumorigenesis in a murine intercross population. Thus, the AIR mouse lines can be considered a new genetic model for studying the role of germline and somatic molecular alterations in kidney neoplastic disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4046818PMC
October 2013

Ovariectomized OVA-sensitized mice display increased frequency of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T regulatory cells in the periphery.

PLoS One 2013 17;8(6):e65674. Epub 2013 Jun 17.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Biofotônica Aplicada às Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

It is well established that female sex hormones have a pivotal role in inflammation. For instance, our group has previously reported that estradiol has proinflammatory actions during allergic lung response in animal models. Based on these findings, we have decided to further investigate whether T regulatory cells are affected by female sex hormones absence after ovariectomy. We evaluated by flow cytometry the frequencies of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) in central and peripheral lymphoid organs, such as the thymus, spleen and lymph nodes. Moreover, we have also used the murine model of allergic lung inflammation a to evaluate how female sex hormones would affect the immune response in vivo. To address that, ovariectomized or sham operated female Balb/c mice were sensitized or not with ovalbumin 7 and 14 days later and subsequently challenged twice by aerosolized ovalbumin on day 21. Besides the frequency of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T regulatory cells, we also measured the cytokines IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13 and IL-17 in the bronchoalveolar lavage from lungs of ovalbumine challenged groups. Our results demonstrate that the absence of female sex hormones after ovariectomy is able to increase the frequency of Tregs in the periphery. As we did not observe differences in the thymus-derived natural occurring Tregs, our data may indicate expansion or conversion of peripheral adaptive Tregs. In accordance with Treg suppressive activity, ovariectomized and ovalbumine-sensitized and challenged animals had significantly reduced lung inflammation. This was observed after cytokine analysis of lung explants showing significant reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 and IL-17, associated to increased amount of IL-10. In summary, our data clearly demonstrates that OVA sensitization 7 days after ovariectomy culminates in reduced lung inflammation, which may be directly correlated with the expansion of Tregs in the periphery and further higher IL-10 secretion in the lungs.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0065674PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684611PMC
March 2014

Role of m2 muscarinic receptor in the airway response to methacholine of mice selected for minimal or maximal acute inflammatory response.

Biomed Res Int 2013 18;2013:805627. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 05508-000 São Paulo, Brazil.

Airway smooth muscle constriction induced by cholinergic agonists such as methacholine (MCh), which is typically increased in asthmatic patients, is regulated mainly by muscle muscarinic M3 receptors and negatively by vagal muscarinic M2 receptors. Here we evaluated basal (intrinsic) and allergen-induced (extrinsic) airway responses to MCh. We used two mouse lines selected to respond maximally (AIRmax) or minimally (AIRmin) to innate inflammatory stimuli. We found that in basal condition AIRmin mice responded more vigorously to MCh than AIRmax. Treatment with a specific M2 antagonist increased airway response of AIRmax but not of AIRmin mice. The expression of M2 receptors in the lung was significantly lower in AIRmin compared to AIRmax animals. AIRmax mice developed a more intense allergic inflammation than AIRmin, and both allergic mouse lines increased airway responses to MCh. However, gallamine treatment of allergic groups did not affect the responses to MCh. Our results confirm that low or dysfunctional M2 receptor activity is associated with increased airway responsiveness to MCh and that this trait was inherited during the selective breeding of AIRmin mice and was acquired by AIRmax mice during allergic lung inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/805627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3652127PMC
December 2013

Genetic control of IL-1 beta production and inflammatory response by the mouse Irm1 locus.

J Immunol 2010 Aug 7;185(3):1616-21. Epub 2010 Jul 7.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Genome-wide linkage analysis using single nucleotide polymorphism arrays was carried out in pedigrees of mice differing in the extent of acute inflammatory response (AIRmax or AIRmin). The AIR phenotype was determined by quantifying the number of infiltrating cells in the 24-h exudate induced by Biogel P-100 s.c. injection and by ex vivo IL-1beta production by leukocytes stimulated with LPS and ATP. We mapped the major inflammatory response modulator 1 locus on chromosome 7, at the 1-logarithm of odds (LOD) confidence interval from 116.75 to 139.75 Mb, linked to the number of infiltrating cells (LOD = 3.61) through the production of IL-1beta (LOD = 9.35). Of several interesting candidate genes mapping to the inflammatory response modulator 1 locus, 28 of these were differentially expressed in the bone marrow of AIRmax and AIRmin mice. These findings represent a step toward the identification of the genes underlying this complex phenotype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1000358DOI Listing
August 2010

Genetic heterogeneity of inflammatory response and skin tumorigenesis in phenotypically selected mouse lines.

Cancer Lett 2010 Sep 21;295(1):54-8. Epub 2010 Mar 21.

Department of Predictive and Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy.

Non-inbred AIR (AIRmax, AIRmin) and Car (Car-S, Car-R) mouse lines were generated from the same eight inbred mice through bidirectional selective breeding for acute inflammatory response and for susceptibility to two-stage skin tumorigenesis, respectively. Because AIR lines also showed a differential predisposition to skin tumorigenesis and Car lines differed in the extent of inflammatory response, we carried out genome-wide association studies using SNP arrays to identify the genetic elements affecting skin tumor susceptibility and inflammatory response in AIR and Car lines. We found that the phenotypic outcome reflects a specific genetic profile in each mouse line, suggesting that distinct genetic elements, selected by differential genetic drifts, and exerting pleiotropic effects in each mouse population, control the skin tumor susceptibility and inflammatory response phenotypes. These findings point to the complex link between skin tumor susceptibility and inflammatory response in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2010.02.013DOI Listing
September 2010

Slc11a1 (Nramp1) alleles interact with acute inflammation loci to modulate wound-healing traits in mice.

Mamm Genome 2007 Apr 8;18(4):263-9. Epub 2007 May 8.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Lines of mice were obtained by selective breeding for maximum (AIRmax) or minimum (AIRmin) acute inflammation. They present distinct neutrophil influx and show frequency disequilibrium of the solute carrier family 11a member 1 (Slc11a1) alleles. This gene is involved in ion transport at the endosomes within macrophages and neutrophils, interfering in their activation. Homozygous AIRmax and AIRmin sublines for the Slc11a1 gene were produced to examine the interaction of this gene with the acute inflammatory loci. The present work investigated wound-healing traits in AIRmax and AIRmin mice, in F(1) and F(2) intercrosses, and in Slc11a1 sublines. Two-millimeter ear punches were made in the mice and hole closure was measured during 40 days. AIRmax mice demonstrated significant tissue repair while AIRmin mice did not. Significant differences between the responses of male and female mice were also observed. Wound-healing traits demonstrated a correlation with neutrophil influx in F(2) populations. AIRmax( SS )showed higher ear-wound closure than AIRmax( RR ) mice, suggesting that the Slc11a1 S allele favored ear tissue repair. QTL analysis has detected two inflammatory loci modulating ear wound healing on chromosomes 1 and 14. These results suggest the involvement of the acute inflammation modifier QTL in the wound-healing phenotype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00335-007-9012-xDOI Listing
April 2007

Genetic determinants of acute inflammation regulate Salmonella infection and modulate Slc11a1 gene (formerly Nramp1) effects in selected mouse lines.

Microbes Infect 2006 Oct 7;8(12-13):2766-71. Epub 2006 Sep 7.

Laboratório de Imunogenética - Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brasil, 1500, São Paulo, SP 05503900, Brazil.

Two lines of mice selected to produce maximal (AIRmax) or minimal (AIRmin) acute inflammatory reactions (AIR) differ in their susceptibility to infection by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium). The LD(50) for AIRmax mice is 1000 times higher than that observed for AIRmin mice, and higher frequencies of Slc11a1 alleles (known to confer either resistance (R) or high susceptibility (S) to S. Typhimurium) were consistently found in AIRmax and AIRmin mouse lines, respectively. In order to evaluate the effect of the quantitative trait loci (QTL) segregated in AIRmax and AIRmin mice on Slc11a1 dependent susceptibility to S. Typhimurium, the R and S alleles were fixed in homozygosity in AIRmax and AIRmin backgrounds by genotype assisted breedings. These new lines were named AIRmax(RR), AIRmax(SS), AIRmin(RR), and AIRmin(SS). Acute inflammation of Slc11a1(RR) animals was more severe in comparison to their Slc11a1(SS) counterparts, implicating Slc11a1 (or other linked genes) in AIR regulation. The LD(50) of S. Typhimurium was 800-times higher for AIRmax(SS) than for AIRmin(SS), demonstrating that AIR QTL can act as modifiers of the Slc11a1(SS) susceptibility gene. Four microsatellite markers for S. Typhimurium susceptibility QTL described in other mouse lines showed specific allele fixation in AIRmax or AIRmin mice, suggesting that these chromosomal regions also segregate with inflammatory phenotypes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micinf.2006.08.005DOI Listing
October 2006

Inverse genetic predisposition to colon versus lung carcinogenesis in mouse lines selected based on acute inflammatory responsiveness.

Carcinogenesis 2006 Aug 13;27(8):1517-25. Epub 2006 Jun 13.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Mouse lines produced by bidirectional selection on the basis of maximum (AIRmax) or minimum (AIRmin) acute inflammatory reactions were examined for the development of chemically induced acute colitis and colon tumors and the development of lung tumors. AIRmax mice were more susceptible than AIRmin to acute colitis induced by ingestion of dextran sodium sulfate showing a 3-fold higher disease activity index and presenting an intense inflammatory infiltrate in the base of colon crypts as well as elevated expression of IL-1beta, TNFalpha, IFNgamma and IL-6 mRNA in colon tissue. AIRmax were also more susceptible than AIRmin to colon cancer induced by 2 or 7 weekly doses of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), showing significantly higher numbers of colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) at 150 days after DMH treatment (P = 0.01) and significantly higher numbers of tumors affecting larger intestinal areas at 300-475 days. At the latter time point, however, multiple lung adenomas and large adenocarcinomas were found in AIRmin but not in AIRmax mice. Treatment of mice with nimesulide for 60 days beginning 24 h before the first of two DMH doses almost completely inhibited the appearance of ACF in both lines. Furthermore, ACF numbers and the degree of acute inflammation directly co-segregated in an F2 (AIRmax x AIRmin) intercross population. The results demonstrate that genetic determinants of the inflammatory response differentially influence susceptibility to colon and lung carcinogenesis in the AIRmax and AIRmin mouse model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl080DOI Listing
August 2006

BCG modulation of anaphylactic antibody response, airway inflammation and lung hyperreactivity in genetically selected mouse strains (Selection IV-A).

Life Sci 2005 Aug;77(13):1480-92

Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Heart Institute (InCor), Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455, Cerqueira César, 01246-903, São Paulo, Brazil.

The effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) treatment in allergic pulmonary reaction was studied in mice genetically selected accordingly to a High (H-IVA) or Low (L-IVA) antibody responsiveness. Mice were immunized with ovalbumin (OVA) or OVA plus BCG. Two days after nasal antigenic challenge, seric IgE and IgG1 anti-OVA, eosinophils in pulmonary tissue, inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage and the compliance and conductance of respiratory system were evaluated. H-IVA mice were found more susceptible than L-IVA, and BCG was able to inhibit simultaneously the production of IgE, the bronchopulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in these genetically selected mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.04.003DOI Listing
August 2005

Genetic selection for high acute inflammatory response confers resistance to lung carcinogenesis in the mouse.

Exp Lung Res 2005 Jan-Feb;31(1):105-16

Laboratório de Immunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Mice selected for a high acute inflammatory response (AIRmax) are resistant to chemically induced lung tumorigenesis, whereas the low responders (AIRmin) are susceptible. In urethane-treated mice, anti-inflammatory drugs increased the tumor incidence in AIRmax but not AIRmin mice, and an inverse correlation (P<.001) between the degree of acute inflammatory response (AIR) and lung tumorigenesis was found in an F2 (AIRmax x AIRmin) intercross population. The results provide evidence for the involvement of lung tumor modifier loci in AIR regulation and implicate AIR quantitative trait loci in the inherited predisposition to lung cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01902140490495237DOI Listing
April 2005

Pulmonary adenoma susceptibility 1 (Pas1) locus affects inflammatory response.

Oncogene 2003 Jan;22(3):426-32

Laboratório de Immunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Two outbred mouse lines, phenotypically selected for differential subcutaneous (s.c.) acute inflammatory response (AIR), were analysed for urethane-induced lung inflammatory response and susceptibility to lung tumorigenesis. AIR(min) mice, which show a low response to s.c. acute inflammation, developed a persistent subacute lung inflammatory response and a 40-fold higher lung tumor multiplicity than did AIR(max) mice, which are selected for high response to s.c. acute inflammation and showed a transient lung inflammatory response. A highly significant linkage disequilibrium pattern was observed in AIR(max) and AIR(min) mice at marker alleles located within a 452-kb pulmonary adenoma susceptibility 1 (Pas1) locus region, thus defining the location of gene candidacy for inflammatory response and for the biological effects of Pas1 in this region. AIR(min) and AIR(max) mice segregated by descent the Pas1(s) and Pas1(r) alleles, respectively, providing evidence for the involvement of the Pas1 locus in the inflammatory response. The 452-kb region contains Kras2 and four additional genes, including the lymphoid-restricted membrane protein (Lrmp) gene, whose Pro-->Leu nonconservative variation was linked with inflammatory response and Pas1 allelotype. These results provide a model to explore the mechanism underlying inherited predisposition to lung cancer in the context of a link to inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1206157DOI Listing
January 2003