Publications by authors named "Omnia Hossam"

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Apoptotic induction mediated p53 mechanism and Caspase-3 activity by novel promising cyanoacrylamide derivatives in breast carcinoma.

Bioorg Chem 2017 08 1;73:43-52. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

New cyanoacrylamide derivatives were theoretically examined for their binding abilities to a protein model of apoptosis inhibitor proteins x-IAP and c-IAP1 using molecular modeling. The two compounds 5a and 5b proved promising IAP antagonists, where they have good binding affinity toward the selected active domains. Anticancer activity of all derivatives was performed on different human cancer cell lines (HCT116, Caco, and MCF7) as well as normal line (HBF4). Data revealed that breast carcinoma was more sensitive to the novel compounds than other lines especially compounds 5a and 5b, but all derivatives lost their cytotoxic effect in case of Caco2 cell line and they showed low cytotoxic effect toward HCT116 cells except compound 3. The flow cytometric analysis revealed that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced apoptosis to 46.5% and 54.8% respectively, relative to control 8.06%. In addition, PCR results indicated that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced the expression of p53 gene and decreased induction of BCL2 (anti-apoptotic gene), while the two compounds have no effect on the protein expression of Caspase-9. By monitoring the presence of Caspase-3 which was a mean to detect apoptotic death in breast carcinoma, the two compounds have stimulated the induction of apoptosis by increasing the production of Caspase-3 protein. Finally, it was concluded that the two compounds 5b and 5a have the most promising anti-cancer activity against human breast carcinoma (MCF7), and it is believed that the anticancer activities of these two compounds were due to being the most effective in the inhibition of a member of IAPs groups, leading to activation of p53 gene and the Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.
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August 2017