Publications by authors named "Oluwole A Babatunde"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Racial Differences in Patient Portal Activation and Research Enrollment Among Patients With Prostate Cancer.

JCO Clin Cancer Inform 2021 06;5:768-774

Department of Public Health Sciences, Biomedical Informatics Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine racial differences in patient portal activation and research participation among patients with prostate cancer.

Materials And Methods: Participants were African American and White patients with prostate cancer who were treated with radical prostatectomy (n = 218). Patient portal activation was determined using electronic health records, and research participation was measured based on completion of a social determinants survey.

Results: Thirty-one percent of patients completed the social determinants survey and enrolled in the study and 66% activated a patient portal. The likelihood of enrolling in the study was reduced with greater levels of social deprivation (odds ratio [OR], 0.70; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.98; = .04). Social deprivation also had a signification independent association with patient portal activation along with racial background. African American patients (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.91; = .02) and those with greater social deprivation (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.82; = .002) had a lower likelihood of activating a patient portal compared with White patients and those with lower social deprivation.

Conclusion: Although the majority of patients with prostate cancer activated their patient portal, rates of patient portal activation were lower among African American patients and those who lived in areas with greater social deprivation. Greater efforts are needed to promote patient portal activation among African American patients with prostate cancer and address access to health information technology among those who live in socially disadvantaged geographic areas.
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June 2021

Geographic Variation in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Initiation and Completion Among Young Adults in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2021 03 17;60(3):387-396. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: This study explores how human papillomavirus vaccination initiation and completion among men and women aged 18-34 years varies by geographic region.

Methods: Data from the 2015-2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed. Geographic regions for the selected states were defined as South, Northeast, and Midwest/West. Human papillomavirus vaccination initiation was defined as receipt of ≥1 dose, and completion was defined as receipt of ≥3 doses. Weighted, multivariable logistic regression models estimated the association between geographic region and vaccine uptake, adjusting for sociodemographic, health, and healthcare factors. Analyses were performed in November 2019.

Results: A total of 18,078 adults were included in the study, 80% of whom resided in the South. The overall vaccination initiation rate was 23.4%, and the completion rate was 11.0%. Initiation was higher among those who resided in the Northeast (38.6%), followed by Midwest/West (23.8%), and lowest for those in the South (21.8%) (p<0.0001). Completion rates followed the same trend as initiation. In the adjusted models, compared with the adults residing in the Northeast, those living in the South were less likely to initiate (AOR=0.47, 95% CI=0.40, 0.55) and complete (AOR=0.56, 95% CI=0.46, 0.68) human papillomavirus vaccination.

Conclusions: Human papillomavirus vaccine uptake was low for all regions, but vaccine uptake was significantly lower in the South region. This demonstrates the need to identify barriers specifically associated with the Southern population, which may include differing levels of education and insurance. Such work is especially pertinent because many Southern states face increased risk of human papillomavirus-associated cancers such as cervix and oral cavity and pharynx cancers.
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March 2021

Racial and Geographic Disparities in Endocrine Therapy Adherence Among Younger Breast Cancer Survivors.

Am J Clin Oncol 2020 07;43(7):504-509

The Cancer Survivorship Center, College of Nursing.

Objectives: African American (AA) women with breast cancer (BrCA) have higher mortality than any other race. Differential mortality has been attributed to nonadherence to endocrine therapy (ET). ET can lower the risk of dying by one third; yet 50% to 75% of all women are nonadherent to ET. Despite the wealth of research examining adherence to ET, understanding which groups of women at risk for poor adherence is not well established. The aim of this investigation was to describe ET adherence by race and geographic location among a cohort of younger BrCA survivors.

Materials And Methods: Cancer registry records were linked to administrative data from Medicaid and a private insurance plan in South Carolina. Inclusion criteria included: European American (EA) or AA race, 3 years of continuous enrollment in the insurance plan after diagnosis, and BrCA diagnosis between 2002 and 2010. Adherence was measured by computing a medication possession ratio (MPR) based upon refill service dates and the number of pills dispensed. Adjusted least squared means were calculated by racial and geographic group using analysis of covariance methods.

Results: The average MPR for EA women was significantly higher at 96% compared with 92% for AA women (P<0.01). After adjustment for years on hormone therapy, age, and number of pharmacies utilized, rural AA women had an average MPR of 90% compared with 95% for EA women (P<0.01).

Conclusions: AA women residing in rural areas demonstrate significantly lower adherence compared with their EA counterparts. Interventions are needed to improve adherence that may ameliorate AA mortality disparities.
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July 2020

Sistas Inspiring Sistas Through Activity and Support (SISTAS): Study Design and Demographics of Participants.

Ethn Dis 2018 26;28(2):75-84. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina.

Introduction: Recruiting racial, ethnic, and other underserved minorities into conventional clinic-based and other trials is known to be challenging. The Sistas Inspiring Sistas Through Activity and Support (SISTAS) Program was a one-year randomized controlled trial (RCT) to promote physical activity and healthy eating among AA women in SC to reduce inflammatory biomarkers, which are linked to increased breast cancer (BrCa) risk and mortality. This study describes the development, recruitment, and implementation of the SISTAS clinical trial and provides baseline characteristics of the study participants.

Methods: SISTAS was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches. At baseline, study participants completed assessments and underwent clinical measurements and blood draws to measure C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Participants randomized to the intervention received 12 weekly classes followed by nine monthly booster sessions. Post-intervention measurements were assessed at 12-week and 12-month follow-ups.

Results: We recruited a total of 337 women who tended to: be middle-aged (mean age 48.2 years); have some college education; be employed full-time; have Medicare as their primary insurance; be non-smokers; and perceive their personal health as good. On average, the women were pre-hypertensive at baseline (mean systolic blood pressure = 133.9 mm Hg; mean diastolic blood pressure = 84.0 mm Hg) and morbidly obese (mean BMI >40.0 kg/m); the mean fat mass and fat-free mass among participants were 106.4 lb and 121.0 lb, respectively.

Conclusion: The SISTAS RCT addresses some of the gaps in the literature with respect to CBPR interventions targeting AA women, such as implementing diet and physical activity in CBPR-based studies to decrease BrCa risk.
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October 2019

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Twins Compared With Singleton Children: A Systematic Review.

Twin Res Hum Genet 2018 04 8;21(2):136-145. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health,University of Maryland School of Medicine,Baltimore,Maryland,USA.

More than 200 million children aged <5 years fail to reach their full cognitive potential, and children born as twins are particularly at risk. In this article, we review studies that examined differences in the neurodevelopmental outcomes of twins compared to singletons. We searched the Medline database for articles on twins, singletons, neuro, and cognitive development. We also inspected bibliographies of relevant publications to identify related articles from 2011 to 2017. Our search criteria yielded 162 studies, 8 of which met the inclusion criteria. Of the eight studies examined, four were prospective follow-up studies, three were cross-sectional studies, and one was a randomized controlled trial. Five of these studies were carried out in developed countries, and they found no statistically significant difference in neurodevelopmental outcomes among twins and singletons. However, two of the three studies carried out in developing countries found a difference with singletons having significantly higher academic ratings than twins. Studies in which neurodevelopmental outcomes were measured early in life (1-5 years) showed no significant twin-singleton differences, while those in which it was measured later in life showed mixed twin-singleton differences. Overall, these studies may have been underpowered and may not have been optimally designed and implemented. There is need for studies with adequate sample sizes, good design, and optimal measurement of all relevant covariates in order to resolve the conflicting reports in the literature.
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April 2018

Predictors of Retention among African Americans in a Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Healthy Eating and Active Living in the Spirit (HEALS) Intervention.

Ethn Dis 2017 20;27(3):265-272. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Introduction: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention.

Methods: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month). Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare retained participants to those who were not retained in order to identify important predictors of retention.

Results: About 57% of participants (n=238) were retained at 12 months. Baseline characteristics that showed a statistically significant association with retention status were age, marital status, body mass index (BMI), intervention group, enrollment of a partner in the study, and perceived stress score (PSS). Multivariable logistic regression that adjusted for age, BMI, and PSS showed the odds of being retained among participants who enrolled with a partner was 2.95 (95% CI: 1.87-4.65) compared with participants who had no study partner enrolled. The odds of being retained among participants who were obese and morbidly obese were .32 and .27 (95% CI: .14-.74 and .11-.69), respectively, compared with participants who had normal weight.

Conclusion: Having a partner enrolled in behavioral interventions may improve retention of study participants. Researchers also need to be cognizant of participants' obesity status and potentially target retention efforts toward these individuals.
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July 2019

Racial disparities in endometrial cancer mortality-to-incidence ratios among Blacks and Whites in South Carolina.

Cancer Causes Control 2016 Apr 1;27(4):503-11. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.

Purpose: Endometrial cancer (EC) exhibits striking racial disparities with higher mortality in Blacks compared to Whites. The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) provides a population-based measure of survival which accounts for incidence. The objective of this study was to map EC MIRs by race for eight health regions within South Carolina (SC) and chart EC incidence by race and grade across the four cancer stages.

Methods: Cancer incidence and mortality data were obtained from the SC Community Access Network (SCAN), the online data query system provided by the SC Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC). The underlying data for SCAN were generated from the SC Central Cancer Registry and SC DHEC Vital Records and used to construct MIRs. ArcGIS 10.1 was used to map EC MIRs by race for eight health regions within SC. Four categories of MIR were derived using the national MIR for EC among Whites as the reference category.

Results: Blacks had higher levels of poorly differentiated tumors across all stages and higher incidence and mortality rates. In all eight health regions, Blacks were in the highest MIR category. By contrast, the MIRs for Whites were more evenly represented over the four categories.

Conclusions: The MIR proved useful for identifying disparities in EC incidence and mortality among Black and White women in SC. Cancer surveillance programs may use the MIR to monitor disparities across racial/ethnic groups and geographic regions going forward. MIRs have the potential to serve as an indicator of the long-term success of cancer surveillance programs.
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April 2016

Cardiovascular risk factors in semi-urban communities in southwest Nigeria: Patterns and prevalence.

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2015 Jun 2;5(2):167-74. Epub 2014 Sep 2.

Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Introduction: Over 80% of cardiovascular deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries; most of these deaths are due to modifiable risk factors. The study aimed at estimating the prevalence and pattern of major cardiovascular risk factors in both men and women older than 18 years.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of cardiovascular risk factors among semi-urban dwellers in Ekiti State, south-western, Nigeria. 750 participants were drawn from 10 communities. The instrument used was the standard WHO STEPS (II) questionnaire, while blood samples were obtained for analysis.

Results: There were 750 participants with 529 (70.53%) females. The mean age of participants was 61.7±18.50 years and participants' ⩾65 years comprised 38.3%. There were 0.8%, 24.9% and 12.4%, who at the time of this study smoked cigarettes, consumed alcohol, and ate a high salt diet, respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, generalized and abdominal obesity was 47.2%, 6.8%, 8.5% and 32.0%, respectively, with only 48.9% receiving hypertension treatment. Elevated total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and low HDL was seen in 4.4%, 16.7% and 56.3% respectively.

Conclusion: High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors call for an urgent need for more public health attention and reinforcement of primary preventive strategies to curb its menace.
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June 2015

Effect of health education intervention on the awareness and use of personal protective equipments among small scale electric arc welders in Ilorin, Nigeria.

Indian J Occup Environ Med 2014 Jan;18(1):3-8

Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.

Introduction: Welding is associated with workplace hazards that can affect the health of those who engaged in it as they are exposed to harmful dust.

Subjects And Methods: This was a health education intervention study carried out among self-employed electric arc welder. Data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire and health education intervention was carried out between the preintervention and postintervention stages. Epi-info version 3.5.1 software package was used for data analysis and Chi-square analysis was used to determine the statistical significance of observed differences between the study and control groups before the intervention and after intervention. Level of significance was set at a P < 0.05.

Results: At the preintervention phase, 285 respondents were interviewed in each of the study and control groups, while 280 study respondents and 275 control respondents were available for the postintervention phase of the study. Before the intervention, 279 (97.9%) of the respondents in the study group were aware of eye goggles as a means of protection, 20 (7%) were aware of welding helmet, 206 (72.3%) were aware of hand gloves and 4 (1.4%) were aware of face mask. All showed a significant increase in awareness postintervention (P < 0.05) while there was no significant increase in awareness in the control group.

Conclusion: Health education brought about a significant increase in awareness and use of personal protective equipment among the welders. There is a need for proper education of welders on workplace hazards, the types and use of different protective devices in other to safeguard their health.
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January 2014

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among adults without obvious cardiovascular disease in a rural community in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2013 Oct 20;13:89. Epub 2013 Oct 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiac Centre, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Background: Cardiovascular disease worldwide is largely driven by modifiable risk factors. This study sought to identify and determine the prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors according to sex in inhabitants of a rural community in a developing country.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included participants aged ≥40 years in the rural community of Aaye Ekiti, Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria. All participants who met the inclusion criteria were drawn from the 161 households in the community. Data on the following were collected: arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, dyslipidaemia, smoking, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and sociodemographic parameters. These were analysed with SPSS version 16.0 software.

Results: The 104 participants (33 male, 71 female) had a mean age (± standard deviation) of 66.77 ± 12.06 years (range, 40-88 years). The majority of the participants (56.7%) were aged 60-79 years. Hypertension was present in 66.4%, diabetes mellitus in 4.8%, abdominal obesity in 38.46%, smoking in 2.9%, physical inactivity in 29.8%, and high alcohol consumption in 1%. Dyslipidaemia, as represented by low HDL-C, occurred in 30%. There were borderline high levels of TC in 4.5%, LDL-C in 1.1%, and TG in 12.5%, but no subject had a high level. Abdominal obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking were statistically significantly associated with sex.

Conclusion: In this study, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, apart from hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity and low HDL-C had a low prevalence in the rural Nigerian community. However, the high prevalence of hypertension in this poor community suggests a high risk of a future cardiovascular event.
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October 2013

Knowledge of medical ethics among Nigerian medical doctors.

Niger Med J 2012 Oct;53(4):226-30

Department of Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Background: The knowledge of medical ethics is essential for health care practitioners worldwide. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of medical doctors in a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria in the area of medical ethics.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involving 250 medical doctors of different levels was carried out. The questionnaire, apart from the bio-data, also sought information on undergraduate and postgraduate training in medical ethics, knowledge about the principles of biomedical ethics and the ethical dilemmas encountered in daily medical practice.

Results: One hundred and ninety (190) respondents returned the filled questionnaire representing a response rate of 76%. One hundred and fifty-two respondents (80%) have had some sort of medical ethics education during their undergraduate level in the medical education. The median duration of formal training or exposure to medical ethics education was 3.00 hours (range: 0-15). One hundred and twenty-nine respondents have read at least once the code of medical ethics of the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria while 127 (66.8%) have some general knowledge of the principles of biomedical ethics. The breakdown of the identified ethical dilemmas shows that discharge against medical advice was the most identified by the respondents (69.3%) followed by religious/cultural issues (56.6%) while confidentiality was recognized by 53.4%.

Conclusion: The knowledge of medical ethics by Nigerian medical doctors is grossly inadequate. There is an urgent need for enhancement of the teaching of the discipline at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in Nigeria.
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October 2012