Department of General Studies, The Polytechnic
Ibadan, oyo | Nigeria
Main Specialties: Addiction Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics
Additional Specialties: Behavioral Science
Primary Affiliation: Department of General Studies, The Polytechnic - Ibadan, oyo , Nigeria
Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 2895.
Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal).
The informationw enables individuals to develop knowledge which can influence their health behavior and attitude while inadequate literacy about health information is associated with a poor understanding of medical advice and negative health outcomes among the population. Skin bleaching is a health practice involving the (mis)use of chemical solutions to change one's complexion to a lighter tone. This paper investigated the viability of using the concept of health information literacy to reduce skin bleaching by reviewing previous empirical studies on skin bleaching with an emphasis on health information. The finding showed that skin bleaching is driven by a self-destructive, unattainable beauty standard. It also revealed that health literacy can educate individuals about the risks and adverse effects of skin bleaching on one's health and physical appearance, thereby reducing the likelihood of skin bleaching and its negative consequences. The study, therefore, recommends that the media and other information gatekeepers/professionals should use health information to promote healthy skin care practices and the "black is beautiful" message.
IFE PSYCHOLOGIA 27(2):110-12
Skin bleaching is a rampant practice amongst dark-skinned people. This study investigates the psychosocial predictors of skin bleaching tendency among first-year female polytechnic students. Using a cross-sectional design, 346 conveniently sampled participants (mean age 22.5, SD 2.8) responded to Skin Color Questionnaire and questions on demographic and psychosocial variables. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation Independent t-test, a one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data at p<0.05 statistical significance. The results indicated negative association between skin bleaching tendency and skin color satisfaction (r =-0.255, p = 0.01) and darker skin color (r =-0.241, p = 0.01); Moreover, positive relationship exist between skin bleaching tendency and relationship status (r = 0.117, p < 0.05) and subjective intimacy level (r = 0.184, p < 0.01). Results also showed that lighter-skinned participants have higher tendency to bleach their skin (t (2,317) = 3.65; p < .01) than the darker-skinned participants while those with high skin color satisfaction significantly report lower skin bleaching tendency (F (5,319) = 5.320; p < .01). Psycho-education on self-acceptance, inculcation of the "black is beautiful" message and public enlightenment about adverse health consequences of skin bleaching should be undertaken.
International Journal of Communication
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of media and demographic factors on skin bleaching tendency among female students of The Polytechnic, Ibadan, aged between 17 and 25 years. A cross-sectional research design was used to obtain information on age, relationship status, skin color, media influence and skin bleaching tendency from 346 sampled female students recruited from five departments across the faculties in the institution. Pearson"s moment correlation matrix indicate positive relationship between skin bleaching tendency and media influence (r = 0.177, p < 0.01), skin color (r =-0.239, p = 0.01) and relationship status (r = 0.117, p < 0.05) while no significant relationship is seen between skin bleaching tendency and age (r = 0.024, p=n.s). T-test for independent samples shows that participants who score high on media influence have higher tendency to bleach their skin (t (2,238) = 2.390; p < .05) and One-way ANOVA test reveals significant difference in skin bleaching tendency between those with light, normal and dark skin color (F (2,319)=10.910; p < .01). Media enlightenment and psycho-education were recommended as methods of curbing the menace of skin bleaching
Gender & Behaviour, 17(2), 2019, 13029 -13039
Gender & Behaviour
The increase in two unrelated persons of the opposite sex living together in an intimate union without marriage is changing the socio-cultural landscape of the African family system. The paper is a review of literature from across Africa and other parts of the world. Cohabitation can be a precursor to marriage, substitute for marriage, or alternative to singlehood. The arrangement is becoming a norm in urban and non-Muslim dominated areas of Africa. It allows people to share, live together, and test their compatible before marriage, and at the same time bring significant harm to the cohabiters and detriments to their long-lasting marital relationship. Adequately enlightenment about the upsides and downsides of cohabitation is needed. Parents should regularly visit their children in the cities or/and universities; marriage ceremonies should be more affordable; protective legal framework for the benefit of cohabiters and their children should be introduced. This paper extends the literature on cohabitation and marriage in sub-Saharan African, by highlighting the prevalence, lingos, causes, and consequences of cohabitation among Africans.
This paper investigated the patterns of activities on Web 2.0 by female young adults in Nigeria by ascertaining the proportion of young ladies who use social media and identifying the most commonly used social media platforms, the purpose of usage and frequency of daily usage. A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect data from 630 conveniently sampled young ladies met at three popular shopping malls and two beaches in Lagos state with the aid of a 12-item self-administered questionnaire. The study took place in the month of June 2018. Demographic data and social media usage were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Findings showed 53.8% of our respondents are between 21-25 years old, 76.5% are dating and 56.6% reported a subjective 'manageable' financial situation. A majority (95.6%) of the 630 respondents use the social media and almost all of the 602 social media users are on WhatsApp and Facebook (98.1% and 96.6% respectively), and 60% on Instagram. The finding revealed that Half of the young ladies (49.9%) picked WhatsApp as their primary social media platform followed by Facebook (35.2%) and Instagram (30.9%). Most ladies (46%) reported using 3 or more social media applications daily. The study equally discovered that majority of the ladies (47.3%) use social media to make new friends and socialize with family and friends while getting information about current trends and news (30%) is the second most common reason for using social media. Furthermore, 40% of the respondents spend between 2 to 5 hours daily on social media. On the other hand, WhatsApp is used by 23.9% of the ladies for 6 hours or more every day. The paper advocated for moderated and appropriate use of social media sites for greater opportunities present on the platforms beyond mere staying in touch with family and friends
Knowledge about politics and government activities increases due to the socialization and enlightenment functions of the mass media. Youths and students are the largest bloc of voters in Nigeria but seemingly least political informed. This study examines the frequency of the forms of media accessed and the level of political knowledge among Nigerian students. It also assessed the relationships between political knowledge and access to radio, television, newspaper, and social media. Moreover, it investigated the predictive influence of the frequency of media access on Nigerian students" political knowledge. The study adopted Uses and Gratification Theory (UGT) to explain how media is used to the advantage of people. Using cross-sectional survey research design, a structured questionnaire was used to collect information on students" demographic, frequency of media access and knowledge of Nigerian politics from 246 randomly selected students of the Polytechnic, Ibadan (Mean age is 25.07 years, SD = 6.23). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings identified social media as the most frequently use media, followed by radio, television and newspaper.31% of the respondents had very high political knowledge while 3% had no political knowledge. Access to radio is the only significant correlate (r = 0.42, p<0.05) and independent predictor (β= 0.43, t=-3.98, p<0.05) of political knowledge although access to radio, television, newspaper and social media are significant joint predictors of political knowledge (R 2 = .18, F (4, 241) = 4.32). Therefore, the study concludes that radio is the foremost source of political knowledge amongst undergraduate students in Ibadan, Nigeria. It recommends that various media institutions and political analysts should take advantage of social media to make more audience politically knowledgeable