Publications by authors named "Olukayode Busari"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Trends, Predictors and Outcomes of Ischemic Stroke Among Patients Hospitalized with Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 28;30(10):106005. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Drive S.W., Atlanta, GA 30310, United States. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study assessed the temporal trends in the incidence of ischemic stroke among patients hospitalized with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) stratified by the subtypes of ischemic stroke (cardioembolic versus thrombotic).Predictors of each stroke subtype, the association with atrial fibrillation (AF), the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT),cardiogenic shock (CS), in-hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), and total healthcare cost were also assessed.

Background: Ischemic stroke in TCM is thought to be primarily cardioembolic from left ventricular mural thromboembolism. limited data are available on the incidence of thrombotic ischemic stroke in TCM.

Materials And Methods: We identified 27,970 patients hospitalized with the primary diagnosis of TCM from the 2008 to 2017 National Inpatient Sample, of which 751 (3%) developed ischemic stroke. Of those with ischemic stroke, 571 (76%) had thrombotic stroke while 180 (24%) had cardioembolic stroke. Cochrane armitage test was used to assess the incidence of thrombotic and cardioembolic strokes and multivariate regression was used to identify risk factors associated with each stroke subtype. We compared the incidence of AF, VF/VT, CS, LOS, in-hospital mortality and total cost between hospitalized patients with TCM alone to those with cardioembolic and thrombotic strokes.

Results: From 2008 - 2017, the incidence of thrombotic stroke (4.7%-9.5% (p< 0.0001) increased while it was unchanged for cardioembolic stroke (0.5%-0.7% P=0.5). In the multivariate regression, peripheral artery disease, prior history of stroke, and hyperlipidemia were significantly associated with thrombotic stroke, while CS, AF, and Asian race (compared to White race) were associated with cardioembolic stroke. Both cardioembolic and thrombotic strokes were associated with higher odds of IHM, AF, CS, longer LOS and increased cost. Trends in in-hospital mortality and the utilization of thrombolysis, cerebral angiography, and mechanical thrombectomy among patients with TCM and ischemic stroke were unchanged from 2008 to 2017.

Conclusion: Among patients with TCM and ischemic stroke, thrombotic stroke was more common compared to cardioembolic stroke. Ischemic stroke was associated with poorer outcomes, including higher in-hospital mortality and increased healthcare resource utilization in TCM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.106005DOI Listing
July 2021

Coexisting psoriasis is associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for patients with inflammatory bowel disease: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample database.

J Investig Med 2020 Dec 23. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

This study compares the odds of being admitted for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with psoriasis compared with those without psoriasis alone. We also compared hospital outcomes of patients admitted primarily for IBD with and without a secondary diagnosis of psoriasis. Data were abstracted from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2016 and 2017 database to search for hospitalizations of interest using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to calculate the adjusted OR (AOR) of IBD being the principal diagnosis for hospitalizations with and without a secondary diagnosis of psoriasis. Multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were used accordingly to compare outcomes of hospitalizations for IBD with and without secondary diagnosis of psoriasis. There were over 71 million discharges included in the combined 2016 and 2017 NIS database. Hospitalizations with a secondary diagnosis of psoriasis have an AOR of 2.66 (95% CI 2.40 to 2.96, p<0.0001) of IBD being the principal reason for hospitalization compared with hospitalizations without psoriasis as a secondary diagnosis. IBD hospitalizations with coexisting psoriasis have similar lengths of stay, hospital charges, need for blood transfusion, and similar likelihood of having a secondary discharge diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis, gastrointestinal bleed, sepsis, and acute kidney injury compared with those without coexisting psoriasis. Patients with coexisting psoriasis have almost three times the odds of being admitted for IBD compared with patients without psoriasis. Hospitalizations for IBD with coexisting psoriasis have similar hospital outcomes compared with those without coexisting psoriasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jim-2020-001689DOI Listing
December 2020

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Induced Pancreatic Ascites.

Cureus 2020 Aug 18;12(8):e9851. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Internal Medicine, John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, USA.

Pancreatic pathology is one of the causes of abdominal ascites. The estimated prevalence of pancreatic ascites is 3.5% in patients with chronic pancreatitis and it is mostly caused by pancreatic duct dehiscence in the setting of chronic pancreatitis. Other etiologies include pancreatic pseudocysts, trauma, severe acute pancreatitis and rupture to the pancreas. Management of this condition includes conservative management like holding feeds, total parenteral nutrition, administering somatostatin analogues or sometimes invasive procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and surgery. ERCP is an unusual cause of pancreatic ascites and only one other case report has linked an association between ERCP and the development of pancreatic ascites. Our case report contributes to this literature and aims to shed light on this under-reported cause of pancreatic ascites.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.9851DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7497770PMC
August 2020
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