Publications by authors named "Olivier Wittenberg"

5 Publications

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Everolimus-eluting stent for the treatment of bare metal in-stent restenosis: clinical and angiographic outcomes at nine-month follow-up of XERES (Xience Evaluation in bare metal stent REStenosis) trial.

EuroIntervention 2014 Oct;10(6):700-8

Cardiology B, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Pole, Rangueil Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Aims: Restenosis is a frequent complication of coronary stent implantation, especially bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. The everolimus-eluting stent (EES) has previously been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of de novo lesions. We performed this study to evaluate clinical, angiographic and IVUS results after EES implantation for the treatment of BMS ISR. XERES was a prospective, multicentre, nationwide study, enrolling 97 consecutive patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) after BMS implantation across 20 centres in France. Suitable lesions had a reference vessel diameter between 2.5 mm and 4 mm, a length ≤22 mm and a diameter stenosis between 50 and 100%. The primary endpoint was angiographic in-stent late loss (LL) as determined by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) at nine-month follow-up. QCA was required to be performed in each included patient and IVUS was performed in a subgroup of 27 patients. At nine-month follow-up, the in-stent late loss was 0.35±0.63 mm. The rate of in-stent binary restenosis was 12.22%, including two complete occlusions. The average volume of neointimal hyperplasia was 15.6±9.9 mm3. The in-stent percent volume obstruction was 8.5±5.2%. The in-segment percent area and diameter obstruction were 32±17% and 27±11%, respectively. Two initial malappositions were persistent and two other patients had late acquired stent malapposition. The cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was 10.1%. EES for the treatment of bare metal in-stent restenosis seemed safe and efficacious.
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October 2014

French Ministry of Health prospective multicentre study using bio-active stents coated with titanium nitride oxide: the EVIDENCE registry.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2012 Feb 19;105(2):60-7. Epub 2012 Feb 19.

Hôpital de Brabois, Vandoeuvre, France.

Background: Coronary stents have evolved over time, from bare-metal stents to drug-eluting stents, and now to bioactive stents.

Aims: We sought to explore the immediate outcome of the titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stent, Titan2(®), in real-world practice, and the incidence of major cardiac events at follow-up.

Methods: Consecutive patients admitted for percutaneous intervention for at least one significant (≥50%) lesion in a native coronary artery were treated with Titan2(®) stent implantation. The primary endpoint was total major adverse cardiac events at 12-month follow-up. Secondary endpoints included target lesion revascularization at 12-month follow-up and the duration of dual antiplatelet therapy.

Results: Among 356 patients (mean age 67.4 ± 12.1 years), 77.2% were male and 39.3% were treated for myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 546 Titan2(®) stents were implanted in 420 lesions. Angiographic and clinical procedural success was achieved in all cases. No cases of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events or acute stent thrombosis were reported. Of 335 patients (94.1%) with 12-month clinical follow-up, four (1.2%) died, MI occurred in five (1.5%), target lesion revascularization was performed in 17 (5.1%) and major adverse cardiac events occurred in 24 (7.2%). One patient (0.3%) suffered late stent thrombosis during follow-up, but no cases of acute or subacute stent thrombosis occurred. Dual antiplatelet therapy continued beyond 6 months in 64.5% of patients.

Conclusions: In real-world practice, Titan2(®) stent implantation achieves an excellent immediate outcome, with a low incidence of major adverse cardiac events at 12-month follow-up.
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February 2012

High on-treatment platelet reactivity after prasugrel loading dose and cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndromes.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2011 Jul;58(5):467-73

Département de Cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Faculté de Médecine, Chemin des Bourrely, Marseille, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between platelet reactivity (PR) after a loading dose (LD) of prasugrel and thrombotic events.

Background: Post-treatment PR has been shown to be strongly associated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the clopidogrel era. Prasugrel is a new P2Y(12)-adenosine diphosphate receptor with a higher potency on PR.

Methods: A prospective multicenter study included patients who underwent successful PCI for acute coronary syndromes and received prasugrel therapy. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) index was measured after the prasugrel LD. High on-treatment PR was defined as a VASP index ≥50%. MACE included cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and definite stent thrombosis at 1 month.

Results: Three hundred one patients were enrolled. The mean VASP index after 60 mg of prasugrel was 34.3 ± 23.1%. High on-treatment PR was observed in 76 patients (25.2%). Patients experiencing thrombotic events after PCI had significantly higher VASP indexes compared with those free of events (64.4 ± 14.4% vs. 33.4 ± 22.7%; range: 51% to 64% and 5% to 47.6%, respectively; p = 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis comparing good responders and patients with high on-treatment PR demonstrated a significantly higher rate of MACE in patients with suboptimal PR inhibition (log-rank p < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis found a cutoff value of 53.5% of the VASP index to predict thrombotic events at 1 month (r = 0.86, p < 0.001). Patients with minor or major Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction unrelated to coronary artery bypass grafting bleeding and those without had similar VASP indexes (30 ± 17.8% vs. 34.3 ± 23%, p = 0.70).

Conclusions: Despite the use of prasugrel, a significant number of patients undergoing PCI in the setting of acute coronary syndromes do not achieve optimal PR inhibition. Such patients have a higher risk for MACE after PCI.
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July 2011

Adjusted clopidogrel loading doses according to vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation index decrease rate of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with clopidogrel resistance: a multicenter randomized prospective study.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2008 Apr;51(14):1404-11

Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Marseille, France.

Objectives: This study evaluates the clinical impact of adjusting the loading dose of clopidogrel according to vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) index in patients with clopidogrel resistance undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Background: Clopidogrel resistance plays a key role in ischemic recurrence after PCI. In vitro tests of clopidogrel resistance can accurately predict major adverse cardiac events after PCI.

Methods: In this prospective, randomized, multicenter study, clopidogrel resistance was defined as a VASP index of more than 50% after a 600-mg loading dose. Patients with clopidogrel resistance undergoing coronary stenting were randomized to a control group or to the VASP-guided group, in which patients received additional bolus clopidogrel to decrease the VASP index below 50%.

Results: A total of 162 patients were included. The control (n = 84) and VASP-guided groups (n = 78) had similar demographic, clinical, and biological characteristics. In the VASP-guided group, dose adjustment was efficient in 67 patients (86%) and VASP index was significantly decreased (from 69.3 +/- 10 to 37.6 +/- 13.8; p < 0.001). Eight major adverse cardiac events (5%) were recorded during the 1-month follow-up, with a significantly lower rate in the VASP-guided group compared with the control group (0% vs. 10%; p = 0.007). There was no difference in the rate of major and minor bleeding (5% vs. 4%; p = 1).

Conclusions: This is the first study to suggest that adjusting the clopidogrel loading dose according to platelet monitoring using the VASP index is safe and may significantly improve the clinical outcome after PCI in patients with clopidogrel resistance despite a first 600-mg loading dose.
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April 2008

Initial and follow-up results of the European Seaquence coronary stent registry.

J Interv Cardiol 2004 Feb;17(1):9-15

Service des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux, Avenue Côte de Nacre, CHU de Caen, 14-033 Caen Cedex, France.

The primary objective of the present study was to assess the feasibility and the safety of the Seaquence stent (CathNet-Science) deployment for the treatment of coronary artery disease and the event-free survival of patients treated with this coronary stent. The study was conducted as a multicenter, prospective, observational registry. Patients with stable or unstable angina pectoris who were candidates for percutaneous coronary intervention with elective stenting of one single de novo lesion in a native coronary artery > or =3 mm in diameter were included in the study. Clinical follow-up was performed at 1 month and 9 months. Major adverse coronary events (MACE), that is, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization (re-PTCA or CABG), were recorded over a period of 9 months. Using this stent, a 99% in-hospital success rate was achieved. A total of 17 patients presented MACE (8.7%) during the whole follow-up period and target lesion revascularization was needed for 14 (7.1%) patients. Using multivariate analysis only some clinical parameters (patients treated for unstable angina, with a history of CABG or of female gender) were found as independent predictors of MACE after coronary stenting. Procedural related factors, angiographic characteristics, or reference diameter were not found to influence clinical outcome. Because the study was performed in patients with a high proportion of complex lesions (relative high-risk nonselected population with nearly one third calcified lesions, many long and type B2 and C lesions) we can conclude that the coronary Seaquence stent can be considered as a stent of reference in routine practice.
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February 2004