Publications by authors named "Olga Guiban"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of multiparametric ultrasound in testicular focal lesions and diffuse pathology evaluation, with particular regard to elastography: Review of literature.

Andrology 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: Ultrasound is the main requested technique for the assessment of traumatic, vascular, neoplastic, and inflammatory testicular pathology. Moreover, the role of ultrasound has broadened over the years along with the introduction of new techniques, such as contrast enhanced ultrasound and ultrasound elastography.

Objective: An updated representation of the pre-existing Literature evidence for multiparametric ultrasound imaging with particular regard to elastography, in the evaluation of focal and diffuse testicular pathologies, has been presented.

Methods: The search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, Web of Science and Scopus databases from the earliest available article (1977) until January 2021. Based on the evidence of the Literature, the current role of US imaging for focal and diffuse testicular pathologies has been reported and illustrated, with emphasis on examination technique, classification, and pitfalls.

Results: Multiparametric Ultrasound has a recognized role for testicle focal and diffuse disease. Elastography is nowadays recognized as an essential part of the multiparametric ultrasound examination. However, in the setting of testicular pathology this method showed some promising results in the setting of varicocoele and for focal lesions characterization. In the remaining field its role is still under debate.

Discussion: B-mode ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound have been for a long time the diagnostic gold standard for testicular pathologies. The introduction of both contrast enhanced ultrasound and elastography in the last two decades has brought to the emergence of the multiparametric ultrasound concept. These methods are currently able to increase diagnostic confidence especially for testicular lesions characterization, with different relevance depending on the pathology under consideration.

Conclusion: Multiparametric ultrasound testis assessment, with specific regard to elastography is nowadays recommended for focal and diffuse disease evaluation. Further and larger studies are however needed to validate these results and to understand if the role of elastography in testicular pathology may be broadened.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.13067DOI Listing
June 2021

Preoperative Multiparametric Ultrasound and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology evaluation of parotid gland tumors: which is the best technique?

Med Ultrason 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Policlinico Umberto I "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Aims: To evaluate the pre-surgical diagnostic value of Multiparametric Ultrasound (MPUS) and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in differentiating parotid gland tumors, comparing the results with histology.

Materials And Methods: The study enrolled 84 patients with parotid gland lesions surgically treated in a single tertiary center and evaluated by MPUS. Each patient underwent FNAC. Histological examination was considered the gold standard.

Results: Histology identified 62 benign tumors and 22 malignancies. In the differential diagnosis between malignant and benign lesions, B-mode Ultrasound (US), Color-Doppler US, Contrast-Enhanced US (CEUS), Elastography (USE) and FNAC showed the following values of sensitivity: 82%, 81%, 86%, 77%, 73% respectively; specificity: 97%, 61%, 95%, 71%, 97% respectively; PPV: 90%, 43%, 86%, 50%, 89% respectively; NPV: 93%, 90%, 95%, 88%, 91% respectively; and accuracy: 89%, 71%, 90%, 78%, 84% re-spectively.

Conclusions: CEUS proved to be a valid and accurate method for identifying malignant tumors of parotid gland; the combination of B-mode US with CEUS showed similar diagnostic accuracy, but better sensitivity than CEUS taken alone. USE did not improve the diagnostic performance of the B-mode US, alone or in association with CEUS; however, it revealed the highest diagnostic accuracy in the differentiation between benign lesions. FNAC demonstrated lower values in comparison with CEUS and with USE. Therefore, according to our study, MPUS could be proposed as a valid alternative to FNAC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-3068DOI Listing
June 2021

Narrative review of multiparametric ultrasound in parotid gland evaluation.

Gland Surg 2020 Dec;9(6):2295-2311

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Policlinico Umberto I "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Disorders affecting parotid gland represent a heterogeneous group comprising congenital, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases which show a focal or diffuse pattern of appearance. The differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic conditions of parotid glands is pivotal for the diagnostic imaging. Frequently there is evidence of overlapping between the clinical and the imaging appearance of the various pathologies. The parotid gland is also often object of study with the combination of different techniques [ultrasound-computed tomography-magnetic resonance imaging (US-CT-MRI), ex.]. Compared to other dominant methods of medical imaging, US has several advantages providing images in real-time at lower cost, and without harmful use of ionizing radiation and of contrast enhancement. B-mode US, and the microvascular pattern color Doppler are usually used as first step evaluation of parotid lesions. Elastography and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) has opened further possible perspectives to improve the differentiation between benign and malignant parotid lesions. The characterization of the parotid tumors plays a crucial role for their treatment planning and for the prediction of possible surgical complications. We present, here an updated review of the most recurrent pathologies of parotid gland focusing on the diagnostic power of multiparametric US including CEUS and ultrasound elastography (USE); limitations, advantages and the main key-points will be presented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs-20-530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7804540PMC
December 2020

Can strain US-elastography with strain ratio (SRE) improve the diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of breast lesions? Preliminary results.

J Ultrasound 2021 Jun 10;24(2):157-163. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, Oncology, and Anatomy Pathology, Policlinico Umberto I, University Sapienza of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic value of strain ratio elastography (SRE), a semiquantitative elastosonographic method based on the displacement of the tissue from an external source (manual compression with the transducer), as compared and in combination with conventional ultrasound for the differentiation of breast lesions.

Methods: One hundred and eighty-two patients with breast lesions consecutively underwent B-mode, color Doppler US, and strain US-elastography. Each lesion was classified according to the BI-RADS lexicon by evaluating the size, the B-mode, and color Doppler features and then evaluated by SRE. Histology proven by biopsy was used as the gold standard and the patients with malignant lesions subsequently underwent operations. The diagnostic performance of each method was assessed with 2 × 2 contingency tables and ROC curve analysis. To maximize the SRE sensitivity and specificity, the SRE cut-off value was calculated using the Youden test.

Results: Histological examination revealed 66 benign and 116 malignant breast lesions. The conventional ultrasound showed sensitivity and specificity for the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions of 86.2% and 75.8%, respectively. Similar results were found for strain US-elastography with a cut-off of 2.49, with sensitivity and specificity of 89.7% and 72.7%, respectively. The association of conventional ultrasound with the SRE value increased the sensitivity (98.3%) but decreased the specificity compared with conventional US alone (63.6%).

Conclusion: Strain US-elastography can be associated with BI-RADS US examination. According to our preliminary results, it helped increase the sensitivity although it decreased the specificity. However, further multicenter studies on a larger population are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00505-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8137748PMC
June 2021

Multiparametric ultrasound evaluation of parotid gland tumors: B-mode and color Doppler in comparison and in combination with contrast-enhanced ultrasound and elastography. A case report of a misleading diagnosis.

J Ultrasound 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Radiology, Anatomo-Pathology and Oncology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Preoperative characterization of parotid gland tumors using imaging or cytological examination (fine-needle aspiration cytology) has a strong clinical and therapeutic impact, but it is often difficult due to the tumors' histological heterogeneity. The recent introduction of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and elastography, in the context of multiparametric ultrasound evaluation, contributed to improving the preoperative diagnosis of many diseases affecting the liver, breast, and thyroid, as well as other organs. However, limited evidence is available on the use and the diagnostic power of these techniques in parotid gland neoplasms. In this paper, we present a case of a parotid lesion that highlights the importance of a complete workup using multiparametric ultrasound evaluation, including CEUS and elastography, to identify malignant tumors of the parotid gland.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00469-4DOI Listing
May 2020

Computer-aided diagnostic system for thyroid nodule sonographic evaluation outperforms the specificity of less experienced examiners.

J Ultrasound 2020 Jun 3;23(2):169-174. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Radiological, Oncological, and Pathological Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) may improve interobserver agreement in the risk stratification of thyroid nodules. This study aims to evaluate the performance of the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) classification as estimated by an expert radiologist, a senior resident, a medical student, and a CAD system, as well as the interobserver agreement among them.

Methods: Between July 2016 and 2018, 107 nodules (size 5-40 mm, 27 malignant) were classified according to the K-TIRADS by an expert radiologist and CAD software. A third-year resident and a medical student with basic imaging training, both blinded to previous findings, retrospectively estimated the K-TIRADS classification. The diagnostic performance was calculated, including sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.

Results: The CAD system and the expert achieved a sensitivity of 70.37% (95% CI 49.82-86.25%) and 81.48% (61.92-93.7%) and a specificity of 87.50% (78.21-93.84%) and 88.75% (79.72-94.72%), respectively. The specificity of the student was significantly lower (76.25% [65.42-85.05%], p = 0.02).

Conclusion: In our opinion, the CAD evaluation of thyroid nodules stratification risk has a potential role in a didactic field and does not play a real and effective role in the clinical field, where not only images but also specialistic medical practice is fundamental to achieve a diagnosis based on family history, genetics, lab tests, and so on. The CAD system may be useful for less experienced operators as its specificity was significantly higher.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00453-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242558PMC
June 2020
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