Publications by authors named "Olga B Tseilikman"

9 Publications

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Сardiac injury in rats with experimental posttraumatic stress disorder and mechanisms of its limitation in experimental posttraumatic stress disorder-resistant rats.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2021 03 7;130(3):759-771. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

School of Medical Biology, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation.

Traumatic stress causes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is associated with cardiovascular diseases and risk of sudden cardiac death in some subjects. We compared effects of predator stress (PS, cat urine scent, 10 days) on mechanisms of cardiac injury and protection in experimental PTSD-vulnerable (PTSD) and -resistant (PTSDr) rats. Fourteen days post-stress, rats were evaluated with an elevated plus-maze test, and assigned to PTSD and PTSDr groups according to an anxiety index calculated from the test results. Cardiac injury was evaluated by: ) exercise tolerance; ) ECG; ) myocardial histomorphology; ) oxidative stress; ) pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Myocardial heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was also measured. Experimental PTSD developed in 40% of rats exposed to PS. Exercise tolerance of PTSD rats was 25% less than control rats and 21% less than PTSDr rats. ECG QRS, QT, and OTc intervals were significantly longer in PTSD rats than in control and PTSDr rats. Only cardiomyocytes of PTSD rats had histomorphological signs of metabolic and hypoxic injury and impaired contractility. Oxidative stress markers were higher in PTSD than in PTSDr rats. Pro-inflammatory IL-6 was higher in PTSD rats than in control and PTSDr rats, and anti-inflammatory IL-4 was lower in PTSD than in control and PTSDr rats. Myocardial HSP70 was lower in PTSD rats than in PTSDr and control rats. Our conclusion was that rats with PTSD developed multiple signs of cardiac injury. PTSDr rats were resistant also to cardiac injury. Factors that limit cardiac damage in PS rats include reduced inflammation and oxidative stress and increased protective HSP70. For the first time, rats exposed to stress were segregated into experimental PTSD (ePTSD)-susceptible and ePTSD-resistant rats. Cardiac injury, ECG changes, and impaired exercise tolerance were more pronounced in ePTSD-susceptible rats. Resistance to ePTSD was associated with decreased inflammation and oxidative stress and with increased protective heat shock protein 70. Results may help identify individuals at high risk of PTSD and also provide a foundation for developing preventive and therapeutic means to restrict PTSD-associated cardiac morbidity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00694.2019DOI Listing
March 2021

Intermittent Hypoxic Conditioning Alleviates Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-Induced Damage and Dysfunction of Rat Visceral Organs and Brain.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jan 5;21(1). Epub 2020 Jan 5.

School of Medical Biology, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk 454080, Russia.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) causes mental and somatic diseases. Intermittent hypoxic conditioning (IHC) has cardio-, vaso-, and neuroprotective effects and alleviates experimental PTSD. IHC's ability to alleviate harmful PTSD effects on rat heart, liver, and brain was examined. PTSD was induced by 10-day exposure to cat urine scent (PTSD rats). Some rats were then adapted to 14-day IHC (PTSD+IHC rats), while PTSD and untreated control rats were cage rested. PTSD rats had a higher anxiety index (AI, X-maze test), than control or PTSD+IHC rats. This higher AI was associated with reduced glycogen content and histological signs of metabolic and hypoxic damage and of impaired contractility. The livers of PTSD rats had reduced glycogen content. Liver and blood alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activities of PTSD rats were significantly increased. PTSD rats had increased norepinephrine concentration and decreased monoamine oxidase A activity in cerebral cortex. The PTSD-induced elevation of carbonylated proteins and lipid peroxidation products in these organs reflects oxidative stress, a known cause of organ pathology. IHC alleviated PTSD-induced metabolic and structural injury and reduced oxidative stress. Therefore, IHC is a promising preventive treatment for PTSD-related morphological and functional damage to organs, due, in part, to IHC's reduction of oxidative stress.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21010345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6981426PMC
January 2020

From Allostatic Load to Allostatic State-An Endogenous Sympathetic Strategy to Deal With Chronic Anxiety and Stress?

Front Behav Neurosci 2019 21;13:47. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Medical Biology, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia.

The concepts of allostatic load and overload, i. e., a dramatic increase in the allostatic load that predisposes to disease, have been extensively described in the literature. Here, we show that rats engaging in active offensive response (AOR) behavioral strategies to chronic predator scent stress (PSS) display less anxiety behavior and lower plasma cortisol levels vs. rats engaging in passive defensive response (PDR) behavioral strategies to chronic PSS. In the same chronic PSS paradigm, AOR rats also have higher lactate and lower glutamate levels in amygdala but not in control-region hippocampus vs. PDR rats. The implications of these findings for regulation of allostatic and stress responses, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442703PMC
March 2019

Correction to: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Disturbs Coronary Tone and Its Regulatory Mechanisms.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2018 11;38(8):1565

South Ural State University Biomedical School, Lenin Ave, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the co-author name.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-018-0619-0DOI Listing
November 2018

Intermittent hypoxia improves behavioral and adrenal gland dysfunction induced by posttraumatic stress disorder in rats.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 09 21;125(3):931-937. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

School of Medical Biology, South Ural State University , Chelyabinsk , Russia.

Nonpharmacological treatments of stress-induced disorders are promising, since they enhance endogenous stress defense systems, are free of side effects, and have few contraindications. The present study tested the hypothesis that intermittent hypoxia conditioning (IHC) ameliorates behavioral, biochemical, and morphological signs of experimental posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) induced in rats with a model of predator stress (10-day exposure to cat urine scent, 15 min daily followed by 14 days of stress-free rest). After the last day of stress exposure, rats were conditioned in an altitude chamber for 14 days at a 1,000-m simulated altitude for 30 min on day 1 with altitude and duration progressively increasing to 4,000 m for 4 h on day 5. PTSD was associated with decreased time spent in open arms and increased time spent in closed arms of the elevated X-maze, increased anxiety index, and increased rate of freezing responses. Functional and structural signs of adrenal cortex degeneration were also observed, including decreased plasma concentration of corticosterone, decreased weight of adrenal glands, reduced thickness of the fasciculate zone, and hydropic degeneration of adrenal gland cells. The thickness of the adrenal fasciculate zone negatively correlated with the anxiety index. IHC alleviated both behavioral signs of PTSD and morphological evidence of adrenal cortex dystrophy. Also, IHC alone exerted an antistress effect, which was evident from the increased time spent in open arms of the elevated X-maze and a lower number of rats displaying freezing responses. Therefore, IHC of rats with experimental PTSD reduced behavioral signs of the condition and damage to the adrenal glands. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Intermittent hypoxia conditioning (IHC) has been shown to be cardio-, vaso-, and neuroprotective. For the first time, in a model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this study showed that IHC alleviated both PTSD-induced behavioral disorders and functional and morphological damage to the adrenal glands. Also, IHC alone exerted an antistress effect. These results suggest that IHC may be a promising complementary treatment for PTSD-associated disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01123.2017DOI Listing
September 2018

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Disturbs Coronary Tone and Its Regulatory Mechanisms.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2018 01 4;38(1):209-217. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

South Ural State University Biomedical School, Lenin Ave, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with myocardial injury, but changes in coronary regulatory mechanisms in PTSD have not been investigated. This study evaluated the effect of PTSD-inducing stress on coronary tone and its regulation by nitric oxide (NO) and voltage-gated K channels. PTSD was induced by exposing rats to predator stress, 15 min daily for 10 days, followed by 14 stress-free days. Presence of PTSD was confirmed by the elevated plus-maze test. Coronary tone was evaluated from changes in coronary perfusion pressure of Langendorff isolated hearts. Predator stress induced significant decreases in coronary tone of isolated hearts and in blood pressure of intact rats. L-NAME, a non-selective NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor, but not S-MT, a selective iNOS inhibitor, and increased coronary tone of control rats. In PTSD rats, both L-NAME and S-MT increased coronary tone. Therefore, the stress-induced coronary vasodilation resulted from NO overproduction by both iNOS and eNOS. NOS induction was apparently due to systemic inflammation as evidenced by increased serum interleukin-1β and C-reactive protein in PTSD rats. Decreased corticosterone in PTSD rats may have contributed to inflammation and its effect on coronary tone. PTSD was also associated with voltage-gated K channel dysfunction, which would have also reduced coronary tone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-017-0517-xDOI Listing
January 2018

The role of microsomal oxidation in the regulation of monoamine oxidase activity in the brain and liver of rats.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2017 Oct 27;36(4):455-464. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

South Ural State University Biomedical School, Chelyabinsk, Russia.

It has been shown in our previous study that monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity in different brain regions are correlated with a microsomal oxidation phenotype. The data obtained in this study, using the microsomal oxidation inhibitor SKF525, and using animals with different duration of hexobarbital sleep, has shown that increased intensity of microsomal oxidation might be associated with increased MAO activity. Since the rats with short hexobarbital sleep time had higher content of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 than did rats with long hexobarbital sleep time. In addition, the rats with higher hepatic content of CYP450 had higher activities of MAO-A and MAO-B. Moreover, the microsomal oxidation inhibitor SKF-525 reduced brain and liver activities of MAOA and MAO-B. Consequently, MAO activities in a brain and a liver depend on the microsomal oxidation process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4149/gpb_2017012DOI Listing
October 2017

Predicting anxiety responses to halogenated glucocorticoid drugs using the hexobarbital sleep time test.

Stress 2016 07 16;19(4):390-4. Epub 2016 May 16.

a High Biomedical School , South Ural State University , Chelyabinsk , Russia ;

Glucocorticoids (GCs) are used to treat numerous diseases, but their use in limited by adverse side effects. One such effect is occasional increased anxiety. Since the intensity of hepatic microsomal oxidation has been shown to alter responses to GC, we examined the possibility that rats with lower rates of hepatic GC metabolism would have increased anxiety. We hypothesized that the resulting, excessive GC would stimulate brain monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), which would reduce brain serotonin, and thereby increase anxiety. Hepatic microsomal oxidative intensity was evaluated by the hexobarbital sleep time (HST) test. Results showed that rats with lower rates of hepatic GC metabolism had elevated brain MAO-A activity, reduced brain serotonin, and more anxiety than rats with higher rates of hepatic GC metabolism. We suggest that the HST test, as an integrative test of microsomal oxidation status, should be useful for predicting individual sensitivity to GC and to other drugs metabolized by the hepatic microsomal oxidation system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2016.1183118DOI Listing
July 2016

Duration of hexobarbital-induced sleep and monoamine oxidase activities in rat brain: Focus on the behavioral activity and on the free-radical oxidation.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2016 Apr 22;35(2):175-83. Epub 2015 Dec 22.

South-Ural State Medical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia.

The present study is focused on the relationship between monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity and hepatic content of cytochrome P450 (CYP), which reflects the status of microsomal oxidation. For vital integrative evaluation of hepatic microsomal oxidation in rats, the hexobarbital sleep test was used, and content of CYP was measured in hepatic microsomes. Rats with short hexobarbital sleep time (SHST) had higher content of microsomal CYP than rats with long hexobarbital sleep time (LHST). Whole brain MAO-A and MAO-B activities, serotonin and carbonylated protein levels were higher in SHST than in LHST rats. MAO-A and MAO-B activities were higher in brain cortex of SHST rats; MAO-A activity was higher only in hypothalamus and medulla of LHST. The same brain regions of LHST rats had higher concentrations of carbonylated proteins and lipid peroxidation products than in SHST rats. MAO activity was correlated with microsomal oxidation phenotype. Rats with higher hepatic content of CYP had higher activities of MAO-A and MAO-B in the brain and higher plasma serotonin levels than rats with lower microsomal oxidation. In conclusion, data obtained in this study showed a correlation between MAO activity and microsomal oxidation phenotype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4149/gpb_2015039DOI Listing
April 2016
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