Publications by authors named "Olesya G Bernikova"

5 Publications

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Melatonin Prevents Early but Not Delayed Ventricular Fibrillation in the Experimental Porcine Model of Acute Ischemia.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Dec 30;22(1). Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Cardiac Physiology, Institute of Physiology, Komi Science Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 167000 Syktyvkar, Russia.

Antiarrhythmic effects of melatonin have been demonstrated ex vivo and in rodent models, but its action in a clinically relevant large mammalian model remains largely unknown. Objectives of the present study were to evaluate electrophysiological and antiarrhythmic effects of melatonin in a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction. Myocardial ischemia was induced by 40-min coronary occlusion in 25 anesthetized pigs. After ischemia onset, 12 animals received melatonin (4 mg/kg). 48 intramyocardial electrograms were recorded from left ventricular wall and interventricular septum (IVS). In each lead, activation time (AT) and repolarization time (RT) were determined. During ischemia, ATs and dispersion of repolarization (DOR = RTmax - RTmin) increased reaching maximal values by 3-5 and 20-25 min, respectively. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) incidence demonstrated no relations to redox state markers and was associated with increased DOR and delayed ATs (specifically, in an IVS base, an area adjacent to the ischemic zone) ( = 0.031). Melatonin prevented AT increase in the IVS base, ( < 0.001) precluding development of early VF (1-5 min, = 0.016). VF occurrence in the delayed phase (17-40 min) where DOR was maximal was not modified by melatonin. Thus, melatonin-related enhancement of activation prevented development of early VF in the myocardial infarction model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22010328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7795598PMC
December 2020

Contribution of Depolarization and Repolarization Changes to J-Wave Generation and Ventricular Fibrillation in Ischemia.

Front Physiol 2020 30;11:568021. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

: Activation delay in ischemic myocardium has been found to contribute to J-wave appearance and to predict ventricular fibrillation (VF) in experimental myocardial infarction. However, the role of ischemia-related repolarization abnormalities in J-wave generation remains unclear. : The objective of our study was to assess a contribution of myocardial repolarization changes to J-wave generation in the body surface ECG and VF in a porcine acute myocardial infarction model. : In 22 anesthetized pigs, myocardial ischemia was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD, = 14) and right coronary artery (RCA, = 8). Body surface ECGs were recorded simultaneously with intramyocardial unipolar electrograms led from flexible electrodes positioned across the left ventricular (LV) wall, interventricular septum (IVS), and right ventricular (RV) wall at apical, middle and basal levels of the ventricles (a total of 48 leads). Local activation times (ATs) and activation-repolarization intervals (ARIs, differences between dV/dt maximum during T-wave and dV/dt minimum during QRS) were measured. : J-waves appeared in left precordial leads (in 11 out of 14 animals with LAD occlusion) and right precordial leads (in six out of eight animals with RCA occlusion). During ischemic exposure, ATs prolonged, and the activation delay was associated with J-wave development (OR = 1.108 95% CI 1.072-1.144; < 0.001) and VF incidence (OR = 1.039 95% CI 1.008-1.072; = 0.015). ARIs shortened in the ischemic regions (in the IVS under LAD-occlusion and the lateral RV base under RCA-occlusion). The difference between maximal ARI in normal zones and ARI in the ischemic zones (ΔARI) was associated with J-wave appearance (OR = 1.025 95% CI 1.016-1.033, < 0.001) independently of AT delay in multivariate logistic regression analysis. : Both AT delay and increase of ΔARIs contributed to the development of J-wave in body surface ECG. However, only AT delay was associated with VF occurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.568021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7556294PMC
September 2020

Association Between Antiarrhythmic, Electrophysiological, and Antioxidative Effects of Melatonin in Ischemia/Reperfusion.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Dec 15;20(24). Epub 2019 Dec 15.

Institute of Physiology, Federal Research Centre, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Pervomayskaya st. 50, 167982 Syktyvkar, Russia.

Melatonin is assumed to confer cardioprotective action via antioxidative properties. We evaluated the association between ventricular tachycardia and/or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) incidence, oxidative stress, and myocardial electrophysiological parameters in experimental ischemia/reperfusion under melatonin treatment. Melatonin was given to 28 rats (10 mg/kg/day, orally, for 7 days) and 13 animals received placebo. In the anesthetized animals, coronary occlusion was induced for 5 min followed by reperfusion with recording of unipolar electrograms from ventricular epicardium with a 64-lead array. Effects of melatonin on transmembrane potentials were studied in ventricular preparations of 7 rats in normal and "ischemic" conditions. Melatonin treatment was associated with lower VT/VF incidence at reperfusion, shorter baseline activation times (ATs), and activation-repolarization intervals and more complete recovery of repolarization times (RTs) at reperfusion (less baseline-reperfusion difference, ΔRT) ( < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was higher in the treated animals and associated with ΔRT ( = 0.001), whereas VT/VF incidence was associated with baseline ATs ( = 0.020). In vitro, melatonin led to a more complete restoration of action potential durations and resting membrane potentials at reoxygenation ( < 0.05). Thus, the antioxidative properties of melatonin were associated with its influence on repolarization duration, whereas the melatonin-related antiarrhythmic effect was associated with its oxidative stress-independent action on ventricular activation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6941092PMC
December 2019

Repolarization in perfused myocardium predicts reperfusion ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

J Electrocardiol 2018 May - Jun;51(3):542-548. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Laboratory of Cardiac Physiology, Institute of Physiology, Komi Science Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pervomayskaya st., 50, Syktyvkar, Russia; Department of Physiology, Medical Institute of Pitirim Sorokin Syktyvkar State University, Oktyabrskiy pr., 55, Syktyvkar, Russia.

Background: Aim of the study was to find out which myocardial repolarization parameters predict reperfusion ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation (VT/VF) and determine how these parameters express in ECG.

Methods: Coronary occlusion and reperfusion (30/30min) was induced in 24 cats. Local activation and end of repolarization times (RT) were measured in 88 intramyocardial leads. Computer simulations of precordial electrograms were performed.

Results: Reperfusion VT/VF developed in 10 animals. Arrhythmia-susceptible animals had longer RTs in perfused areas [183(177;202) vs 154(140;170) ms in susceptible and resistant animals, respectively, P<0.05]. In logistic regression analysis, VT/VFs were associated with prolonged RTs in the perfused area (OR 1.068; 95% CI 1.012-1.128; P=0.017). Simulations demonstrated that prolonged repolarization in the perfused/border zone caused precordial terminal T-wave inversion.

Conclusions: The reperfusion VT/VFs were independently predicted by the longer RT in the perfused zone, which was reflected in the terminal negative phase of the electrocardiographic T-wave.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2017.12.003DOI Listing
March 2019

What does the T(peak)-T(end) interval reflect? An experimental and model study.

J Electrocardiol 2013 Jul-Aug;46(4):296.e1-8. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Laboratory of Cardiac Physiology, Institute of Physiology, Komi Science Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 50, Pervomayskaya st, Syktyvkar, Russia.

Background: It is unclear whether the Tpeak-Tend interval is an index of the transmural or the total dispersion of repolarization.

Methods: We examined the Tpeak-Tend interval using a computer model of the rabbit heart ventricles based on experimentally measured transmural, apicobasal, and interventricular gradients of action potential duration.

Results: Experimentally measured activation-recovery intervals increased from apex to base, from the left ventricle to the right ventricle, and in the apical portion of the left ventricle from epicardium to endocardium and from the right side of septum to the left side. The simulated Tpeak corresponded to the earliest end of repolarization, whereas the Tend corresponded to the latest end of repolarization. The different components of the global repolarization dispersion were discerned by simulation.

Conclusions: The Tpeak-Tend interval corresponds to the global dispersion of repolarization with distinct contributions of the apicobasal and transmural action potential duration gradients and apicobasal difference in activation times.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2013.02.001DOI Listing
January 2014
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