Publications by authors named "Oleksandr V Vasylchenko"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pros and cons of virtual screening based on public "Big Data": In silico mining for new bromodomain inhibitors.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Mar 9;165:258-272. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Laboratory of Chemoinformatics, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Strasbourg, 4, Blaise Pascal str, 67081, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

The Virtual Screening (VS) study described herein aimed at detecting novel Bromodomain BRD4 binders and relied on knowledge from public databases (ChEMBL, REAXYS) to establish a battery of predictive models of BRD activity for in silico selection of putative ligands. Beyond the actual discovery of new BRD ligands, this represented an opportunity to practically estimate the actual usefulness of public domain "Big Data" for robust predictive model building. Obtained models were used to virtually screen a collection of 2 million compounds from the Enamine company collection. This industrial partner then experimentally screened a subset of 2992 molecules selected by the VS procedure for their high likelihood to be active. Twenty nine confirmed hits were detected after experimental testing, representing 1% of the selected candidates. As a general conclusion, this study emphasizes once more that public structure-activity databases are nowadays key assets in drug discovery. Their usefulness is however limited by the state-of-the-art knowledge harvested so far by published studies. Target-specific structure-activity information is rarely rich enough, and its heterogeneity makes it extremely difficult to exploit in rational drug design. Furthermore, published affinity measures serving to build models selecting compounds to be experimentally screened may not be well correlated with the experimental hit selection criterion (in practice, often imposed by equipment constraints). Nevertheless, a robust 2.6-fold increase in hit rate with respect to an equivalent, random screening campaign showed that machine learning is able to extract some real knowledge in spite of all the noise in structure-activity data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.01.010DOI Listing
March 2019

(Chlorosulfonyl)benzenesulfonyl Fluorides-Versatile Building Blocks for Combinatorial Chemistry: Design, Synthesis and Evaluation of a Covalent Inhibitor Library.

ACS Comb Sci 2018 11 1;20(11):672-680. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Volodymyrska Street 60 , Kyiv 01601 , Ukraine.

Multigram synthesis of (chlorosulfonyl)benzenesulfonyl fluorides is described. Selective modification of these building blocks at the sulfonyl chloride function under parallel synthesis conditions is achieved. It is shown that the reaction scope includes the use of (hetero)aromatic and electron-poor aliphatic amines (e.g., amino nitriles). Utility of the method is demonstrated by preparation of the sulfonyl fluoride library for potential use as covalent fragments, which is demonstrated by a combination of in silico and in vitro screening against trypsin as a model enzyme. As a result, several inhibitors were identified with activity on par with that of the known inhibitor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.8b00130DOI Listing
November 2018

Straightforward hit identification approach in fragment-based discovery of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem 2018 07 9;26(12):3399-3405. Epub 2018 May 9.

Enamine Ltd., Chervonotkatska Street 78, Kyiv 02094, Ukraine; National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Volodymyrska Street 60, Kyiv 01601, Ukraine. Electronic address:

A combination approach of a fragment screening and "SAR by catalog" was used for the discovery of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitors. Initial screening of 3695-fragment library against bromodomain 1 of BRD4 using thermal shift assay (TSA), followed by initial hit validation, resulted in 73 fragment hits, which were used to construct a follow-up library selected from available screening collection. Additionally, analogs of inactive fragments, as well as a set of randomly selected compounds were also prepared (3 × 3200 compounds in total). Screening of the resulting sets using TSA, followed by re-testing at several concentrations, counter-screen, and TR-FRET assay resulted in 18 confirmed hits. Compounds derived from the initial fragment set showed better hit rate as compared to the other two sets. Finally, building dose-response curves revealed three compounds with IC = 1.9-7.4 μM. For these compounds, binding sites and conformations in the BRD4 (4UYD) have been determined by docking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2018.05.010DOI Listing
July 2018

An Old Story in the Parallel Synthesis World: An Approach to Hydantoin Libraries.

ACS Comb Sci 2018 01 27;20(1):35-43. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

Enamine Ltd. , 78 Chervonotkatska Street, Kyiv 02094, Ukraine.

An approach to the parallel synthesis of hydantoin libraries by reaction of in situ generated 2,2,2-trifluoroethylcarbamates and α-amino esters was developed. To demonstrate utility of the method, a library of 1158 hydantoins designed according to the lead-likeness criteria (MW 200-350, cLogP 1-3) was prepared. The success rate of the method was analyzed as a function of physicochemical parameters of the products, and it was found that the method can be considered as a tool for lead-oriented synthesis. A hydantoin-bearing submicromolar primary hit acting as an Aurora kinase A inhibitor was discovered with a combination of rational design, parallel synthesis using the procedures developed, in silico and in vitro screenings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.7b00163DOI Listing
January 2018