Publications by authors named "Oleg M Sarkisov"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The rate of Q(x)→Q(y) relaxation in bacteriochlorophylls of reaction centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides determined by kinetics of the ultrafast carotenoid bandshift.

Biochim Biophys Acta 2012 Aug 14;1817(8):1399-406. Epub 2012 Feb 14.

Department of Biophysics, Biology Faculty of the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

Transient absorption changes induced by excitation of isolated reaction centers (RCs) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides with 600nm laser pulses of 20fs (full width at half maximum) were monitored in the wavelength region of 420-560nm. The spectral features of the spectrum obtained are characteristic for an electrochromic band shift of the single carotenoid (Car) molecule spheroidene, which is an integral constituent of these RCs. This effect is assigned to an electrochromic bandshift of Car due to the local electric field of the dipole moment formed by electronic excitation of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) molecule(s) in the neighborhood of Car. Based on the known distances between the pigments, the monomeric BChl (B(B)) in the inactive B-branch is inferred to dominate this effect. The excitation of B(B) at 600nm leads to a transition into the S(2) state (Q(x) band), which is followed by rapid internal conversion to the S(1) state (Q(y) band), thus leading to a change of strength and orientation of the dipole moment, i.e., of the electric field acting on the Car molecule. Therefore, the time course of the electrochromic bandshift reflects the rate of the internal conversion from S(2) to S(1) of B(B). The evaluation of the kinetics leads to a value of 30fs for this relaxation process. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability: from Natural to Artificial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2012.02.006DOI Listing
August 2012

Electronically excited states of membrane fluorescent probe 4-dimethylaminochalcone. Results of quantum chemical calculations.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2011 May 12;13(20):9518-24. Epub 2011 Apr 12.

Research Computer Center, Moscow State University, Leninskiye Gory 1, Moscow, Russia.

Quantum-chemical calculations of ground and excited states for membrane fluorescent probe 4-dimethylaminochalcone (DMAC) in vacuum were performed. Optimized geometries and dipole moments for lowest-lying singlet and triplet states were obtained. The nature of these electronic transitions and the relaxation path in the excited states were determined; changes in geometry and charge distribution were assessed. It was shown that in vacuum the lowest existed level is of (n, π*) nature, and the closest to it is the level of (π, π*) nature; the energy gap between them is narrow. This led to an effective (1)(π, π*) →(1)(n, π*) relaxation. After photoexcitation the molecule undergoes significant transformations, including changes in bond orders, pyramidalization angle of the dimethylamino group, and planarity of the molecule. Its dipole moment rises from 5.5 Debye in the ground state to 17.1 Debye in the (1)(π, π*) state, and then falls to 2 Debye in the (1)(n, π*) state. The excited (1)(n, π*) state is a short living state; it has a high probability of intersystem crossing into the (3)(π, π*) triplet state. This relaxation path explains the low quantum yield of DMAC fluorescence in non-polar media. It is possible that (3)(π, π*) is responsible for observed DMAC phosphorescence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0cp02880kDOI Listing
May 2011

Femtosecond primary charge separation in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 photosystem I.

Biochim Biophys Acta 2010 Aug 26;1797(8):1410-20. Epub 2010 Feb 26.

N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

The ultrafast (<100 fs) conversion of delocalized exciton into charge-separated state between the primary donor P700 (bleaching at 705 nm) and the primary acceptor A0 (bleaching at 690 nm) in photosystem I (PS I) complexes from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was observed. The data were obtained by application of pump-probe technique with 20-fs low-energy pump pulses centered at 720 nm. The earliest absorbance changes (close to zero delay) with a bleaching at 690 nm are similar to the product of the absorption spectrum of PS I complex and the laser pulse spectrum, which represents the efficiency spectrum of the light absorption by PS I upon femtosecond excitation centered at 720 nm. During the first approximately 60 fs the energy transfer from the chlorophyll (Chl) species bleaching at 690 nm to the Chl bleaching at 705 nm occurs, resulting in almost equal bleaching of the two forms with the formation of delocalized exciton between 690-nm and 705-nm Chls. Within the next approximately 40 fs the formation of a new broad band centered at approximately 660 nm (attributed to the appearance of Chl anion radical) is observed. This band decays with time constant simultaneously with an electron transfer to A1 (phylloquinone). The subtraction of kinetic difference absorption spectra of the closed (state P700+A0A1) PS I reaction center (RC) from that of the open (state P700A0A1) RC reveals the pure spectrum of the P700+A0- ion-radical pair. The experimental data were analyzed using a simple kinetic scheme: An*-->k1[(PA0)*A1--><100 fs P+A0-A1]-->k2P+A0A1-, and a global fitting procedure based on the singular value decomposition analysis. The calculated kinetics of transitions between intermediate states and their spectra were similar to the kinetics recorded at 694 and 705 nm and the experimental spectra obtained by subtraction of the spectra of closed RCs from the spectra of open RCs. As a result, we found that the main events in RCs of PS I under our experimental conditions include very fast (<100 fs) charge separation with the formation of the P700+A0-A1 state in approximately one half of the RCs, the approximately 5-ps energy transfer from antenna Chl* to P700A0A1 in the remaining RCs, and approximately 25-ps formation of the secondary radical pair P700+A0A1-.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.02.026DOI Listing
August 2010

Long-lived coherent oscillations of the femtosecond transients in cyanobacterial photosystem I.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2006 Dec 13;8(48):5671-8. Epub 2006 Nov 13.

N N Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosigin str 4, Moscow, Russia.

The pulsed excitation of electronic levels coupled to specific nuclear modes by a 26 fs laser pulse at 706 nm creates a wavepacket in the nuclear space of photopystem I (PS I) of Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 both in the ground state and in the one-exciton manifold. Fourier transform of transient decay curves shows several low frequency peaks. The most prominent Power Spectral Density (PSD) peaks are at omega = 49 cm(-1) and omega = 88 cm(-1). The peculiarity of the coherent wavepacket in the PS I of S. sp. strain PCC 6803 is the unique, long-lived 49 cm(-1) and 88 cm(-1) oscillations with decay times up to 10 ps. It was suggested that such a long-lived coherence is determined by a contribution of the ground state wavepacket. The dependence of these two PSD peaks on the probe wavelength resembles the profile of the transient absorption spectra of PS I. The pump-probe signal in the Soret region reflects the dynamics of the ground state wavepacket created by pulsed excitation of the Q(y)-band. It was shown that the multimode Brownian oscillator model allows a quantitative fit of the oscillatory patterns of the pump-probe signal to be obtained.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b605660aDOI Listing
December 2006

Ultrafast excited state proton transfer dynamics of 1,2-dihydroquinolines in methanol solution.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2006 Sep 29;5(9):815-21. Epub 2006 Jun 29.

Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin st. 4, Moscow, 119991, Russia.

Femtosecond and picosecond dynamics of 2,2,4,6-tetramethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline (1) and 1,2,2,4,6-pentamethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline (2) were studied in MeOH, MeOD, and Pr(i)OH to probe the early events of the photoinduced proton transfer (PT) between 1,2-dihydroquinolines (DHQ) and a solvent. From studies in the two solvents MeOH and Pr(i)OH and by examining the effect of deuterium replacement of proton, it has been established that PT takes 150-200 fs in MeOH, but does not occur in Pr(i)OH. The formation of PT products in the ground state proceeds concurrently to the relaxation of the higher vibrational excited singlet state to the thermally equilibrated state S(1) of DHQ. The absorption spectrum of the S(1) state was registered, and the time constant of its decay in MeOH (ca. 1 ns) agrees well with the lifetime of fluorescence measured recently by single photon counting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b606370eDOI Listing
September 2006

Brightness of yellow fluorescent protein from coral (zFP538) depends on aggregation.

Biochemistry 2005 Mar;44(10):3982-93

Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical Enzymology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorob'ovy Gory, 119992 Moscow, Russia.

The yellow fluorescent protein from coral (zFP538) forms aggregates in water solutions. According to dynamic light scattering and gel filtration data, the aggregation number is approximately 1000-10000 at pH 8-9 and protein concentration 1 mg/mL. Gel filtration demonstrated that dissociation of the aggregates takes place upon dilution, and the molecular weight of the aggregates decreases with pH. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) were used to obtain images of zFP538 in the solid state. It was shown that protein films are comprised of fluorescent ellipsoidal granules with a 50-300 nm major axis and a 30-130 nm minor axis. The dependence of zFP538 fluorescence on protein concentration between 1.2 x 10(-)(9) and 5.5 x 10(-)(7) M can be divided in two linear regions with different slopes indicating the existence of at least two different forms of zFP538. The fluorescence of zFP538 decreases with time upon acidification, and the decrease depends on pH and protein concentration. Between pH 3.5 and pH 5.5, relative residual fluorescence is higher for concentrated zFP538 solutions (about 10(-)(6) M) as compared with diluted ones (10(-)(7) M and below). Aggregation makes zFP538 more stable against fluorescence quenching upon acidification: the decrease in zFP538 fluorescence at protein concentration 1 mg/mL is completely reversible, unlike that observed for less concentrated solutions. This phenomenon may be due to the decrease in the freedom of chromophore mobility in zFP538 aggregates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi048274cDOI Listing
March 2005
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