Publications by authors named "Olděrich Motyka"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Settled Dust from Urban and Suburban Roads in an Industrial City Area: Location and Seasonal Differences in Metal Content.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 May;19(5):3035-3040

Nanotechnology Centre, VŠ B-Technical University of Ostrava, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.

Settled road dust, present on all roads surfaces in a relatively high abundance, is a complex of particles-ranging from nanosized to microsized-from both natural and anthropogenic sources and may pose possible risk to the biosphere as well as influence the atmosphere because of the road dust resuspension. Geographical and seasonal differences in heavy metal content of the settled road dust were studied at two sites: urban site with a heavy traffic in the industrial city of Ostrava, Czech Republic and suburban site of Ostrava with a negligible traffic load in settlement Ludgeřovice. Dust samples were collected monthly during the period from March to October 2015. Obtained dust samples were homogenized and subsequently analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy; the results were then assessed by multivariate statistical methods (Principal components analysis, Factorial analysis on mixed data). The difference in the content of Ba, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sn, V, and Zn was explainable mainly by the factor of the site only the content of Fe was significantly dependent on the month of sampling. The contents of the particular elements and the correlations found among them confirm the assumption that heavy metals detected in the road dust samples from the urban site most likely originated primarily from the traffic-and particularly from the non-combustion processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.15843DOI Listing
May 2019

Influence of Nano-ZnO Exposure to Plants on L-Ascorbic Acid Levels: Indication of Nanoparticle-Induced Oxidative Stress.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 May;19(5):3019-3023

Nanotechnology Centre, VŠ B - Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/2172, 708 33, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic Š.

With the continuously growing production of nanomaterials, their presence in the environment increases. The effects of nanoparticle exposure on plants are yet not fully understood. This study aimed to provide new insights into the stress induced by the exposure of plants to nanoparticles via the determination of the content of L-ascorbic acid, known antioxidant, in the samples of bryophyte species (Brid.) Mitt. Bryophyte samples, collected from a pristine environment, were exposed to 0.1 g·L suspensions of nano-ZnO for five weeks. Prior to the exposure, the samples were subjected to the combination of treatments-washing or not washing as well as drying or irrigation. In order to assess the level of oxidative stress caused by the exposure to the ZnO nanoparticles under various pre-treatment conditions, the content of the L-ascorbic acid in the samples was determined by titration with dichlorophenolindophenol. Effect of both nano-ZnO exposure and pre-treatment was observed; nano-ZnO exposure significantly reduced the content of L-ascorbic acid in the bryophyte samples indicating it being consumed in the repair processes following the exposure-related physiological stress.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.15862DOI Listing
May 2019