Publications by authors named "Olalekan Amoo"

5 Publications

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Fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of a major locus controlling ovule abortion and seed number per silique in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Key Message: A major QTL controlling ovule abortion and SN was fine-mapped to a 80.1-kb region on A8 in rapeseed, and BnaA08g07940D and BnaA08g07950D are the most likely candidate genes. The seed number per silique (SN), an important yield determining trait of rapeseed, is the final consequence of a complex developmental process including ovule initiation and the subsequent ovule/seed development. To explore the genetic mechanism regulating the natural variation of SN and its related components, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping was conducted using a doubled haploid (DH) population derived from the cross between C4-146 and C4-58B, which showed significant differences in SN and aborted ovule number (AON), but no obvious differences in ovule number (ON). QTL analysis identified 19 consensus QTLs for six SN-related traits across three environments. A novel QTL on chromosome A8, un.A8, which associates with multiple traits, except for ON, was stably detected across the three environments. This QTL explained more than 50% of the SN, AON and percentage of aborted ovules (PAO) variations as well as a moderate contribution on silique length (SL) and thousand seed weight (TSW). The C4-146 allele at the locus increases SN and SL but decreases AON, PAO and TSW. Further fine mapping narrowed down this locus into an 80.1-kb interval flanked by markers BM1668 and BM1672, and six predicted genes were annotated in the delimited region. Expression analyses and DNA sequencing showed that two homologs of Arabidopsis photosystem I subunit F (BnaA08g07940D) and zinc transporter 10 precursor (BnaA08g07950D) were the most promising candidate genes underlying this locus. These results provide a solid basis for cloning un.A8 to reduce the ovule abortion and increase SN in the yield improvement of rapeseed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-021-03839-6DOI Listing
April 2021

Targeted mutagenesis of EOD3 gene in Brassica napus L. regulates seed production.

J Cell Physiol 2021 Mar 25;236(3):1996-2007. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Seed size and number are central to the evolutionary fitness of plants and are also crucial for seed production of crops. However, the molecular mechanisms of seed production control are poorly understood in Brassica crops. Here, we report the gene cloning, expression analysis, and functional characterization of the EOD3/CYP78A6 gene in rapeseed. BnaEOD3 has four copies located in two subgenomes, which exhibited a steady higher expression during seed development with differential expression among copies. The targeted mutations of BnaEOD3 gene were efficiently generated by stable transformation of the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat) vector. These mutations were stably transmitted to T and T generations and a large collection of homozygous mutants with combined loss-of-function alleles across four BnaEOD3 copies were created for phenotyping. All mutant T lines had shorter siliques, smaller seeds, and an increased number of seeds per silique, in which the quadrable mutants showed the most significant changes in these traits. Consequently, the seed weight per plant in the quadrable mutants increased by 13.9% on average compared with that of wild type, indicating that these BnaEOD3 copies have redundant functions in seed development in rapeseed. The phenotypes of the different allelic combinations of BnaEOD3 copies also revealed gene functional differentiation among the two subgenomes. Cytological observations indicated that the BnaEOD3 could act maternally to promote cotyledon cell expansion and proliferation to regulate seed growth in rapeseed. Collectively, our findings reveal the quantitative involvement of the different BnaEOD3 copies function in seed development, but also provided valuable resources for rapeseed breeding programs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29986DOI Listing
March 2021

BnA10.RCO, a homeobox gene, positively regulates leaf lobe formation in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2020 Dec 20;133(12):3333-3343. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Key Message: BnA10.RCO positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in Brassica napus, and cis-regulatory divergences cause the different allele effects. The functional importance of lobed leaves in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) has been identified with potential advantages for high-density planting and hybrid production. Our previous studies indicated that the tandemly duplicated LMI1-like genes BnA10. RCO and BnA10.LMI1 are candidate genes of an incompletely dominant locus, which is responsible for the lobed-leaf shape in rapeseed. We provided strong evidence that BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates leaf lobe formation. Here, we show that BnA10.RCO is a nucleus-specific protein, encoding an HD-ZIP I transcription factor, which is responsible for the lobed-leaf shape in rapeseed. Sequence analysis of parental alleles revealed that no vital sequence variation was detected in the coding sequence of BnA10.RCO, whereas abundant variations were identified in the regulatory regions. Consistent with this finding, the expression level of BnRCO was substantially elevated in the lobed-leaved parent HY compared with its near-isogenic line. Moreover, the altered expression of BnA10.RCO in transgenic lines showed a positive connection with leaf complexity without a substantial change in BnLMI1 transcript level. Furthermore, CRISPR/Cas9-induced null mutations of BnA10.RCO in the lobed-leaved parent HY were sufficient to produce an unlobed leaf without alteration in BnLMI1 transcript level. Our results indicate that BnA10.RCO functions together with BnA10.LMI1 to positively determine the lobed-leaf development, providing a fundamental basis for crop improvement by targeting leaf shape in rapeseed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03672-3DOI Listing
December 2020

Targeted mutagenesis of BnTT8 homologs controls yellow seed coat development for effective oil production in Brassica napus L.

Plant Biotechnol J 2020 05 11;18(5):1153-1168. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Yellow seed is a desirable trait with great potential for improving seed quality in Brassica crops. Unfortunately, no natural or induced yellow seed germplasms have been found in Brassica napus, an important oil crop, which likely reflects its genome complexity and the difficulty of the simultaneous random mutagenesis of multiple gene copies with functional redundancy. Here, we demonstrate the first application of CRISPR/Cas9 for creating yellow-seeded mutants in rapeseed. The targeted mutations of the BnTT8 gene were stably transmitted to successive generations, and a range of homozygous mutants with loss-of-function alleles of the target genes were obtained for phenotyping. The yellow-seeded phenotype could be recovered only in targeted mutants of both BnTT8 functional copies, indicating that the redundant roles of BnA09.TT8 and BnC09.TT8b are vital for seed colour. The BnTT8 double mutants produced seeds with elevated seed oil and protein content and altered fatty acid (FA) composition without any serious defects in the yield-related traits, making it a valuable resource for rapeseed breeding programmes. Chemical staining and histological analysis showed that the targeted mutations of BnTT8 completely blocked the proanthocyanidin (PA)-specific deposition in the seed coat. Further, transcriptomic profiling revealed that the targeted mutations of BnTT8 resulted in the broad suppression of phenylpropanoid/flavonoid biosynthesis genes, which indicated a much more complex molecular mechanism underlying seed colour formation in rapeseed than in Arabidopsis and other Brassica species. In addition, gene expression analysis revealed the possible mechanism through which BnTT8 altered the oil content and fatty acid composition in seeds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152602PMC
May 2020

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing reveals differences in the contribution of INDEHISCENT homologues to pod shatter resistance in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2019 Jul 12;132(7):2111-2123. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

The INDEHISCENT (IND) and ALCATRAZ (ALC) gene homologues have been reported to be essential for dehiscence of fruits in Brassica species. But their functions for pod shatter resistance in Brassica napus, an important oil crops, are not well understood. Here, we assessed the functions of these two genes in rapeseed using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The induced mutations were stably transmitted to successive generations, and a variety of homozygous mutants with loss-of-function alleles of the target genes were obtained for phenotyping. The results showed that the function of BnIND gene is essential for pod shatter and highly conserved in Brassica species, whereas the BnALC gene appears to have limited potential for rapeseed shatter resistance. The homoeologous copies of the BnIND gene have partially redundant roles in rapeseed pod shatter, with BnA03.IND exhibiting higher contributions than BnC03.IND. Analysis of data obtained from the gene expression and sequence variations of gene copies revealed that cis-regulatory divergences alter gene expression and underlie the functional differentiation of BnIND homologues. Collectively, our results generate valuable resources for rapeseed breeding programs, and more importantly provide a strategy to improve polyploid crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03341-0DOI Listing
July 2019