Publications by authors named "Ok-Jin Jang"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Lifestyle Changes that Impact Personal Quality of Life in the COVID-19 Pandemic in South Korea.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Jul 22;18(7):701-707. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea.

Objective: We investigated which factors in psychological changes positively or negatively affect the quality of life to suggest desirable directions in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Online survey was conducted with 1,011 adults more than 19 years old in Busan, South Korea. Quality of life was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF. Questions regarding the psychological changes were about COVID-19-related concerns, distress in complying with quarantine guidelines, and interest in seeking something to do alone.

Results: Quality of life was perceived to be below average (mean±SD, 2.86±0.53). The more economic worries there were, the lower the quality of life in psychological, social relationships and environmental domains. The more distress one experienced when maintaining their personal hygiene, the higher the quality of life related to their physical health. Likewise, the more difficult it was to maintain social distances, the higher the quality of life associated with psychological and social relationships. The more interested someone was in how to spend time alone, the higher the quality of life in all domains significantly.

Conclusion: We can minimize the negative impacts of COVID-19 by maintaining economic stability, maintaining prosocial behaviors related to personal hygiene and making good use of personal time.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30773/pi.2021.0043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8328828PMC
July 2021

Network Analysis of Language Disorganization in Patients with Schizophrenia.

Yonsei Med J 2020 Aug;61(8):726-730

Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea.

Language disorganization, an objective component of formal thought process abnormality, has been regarded as a core symptom of schizophrenia from an evolutionary psychopathology perspective. However, to the best of our knowledge, the network structure of language disorganization has rarely been examined in patients with schizophrenia. Thus, our preliminary study aimed to evaluate the network structure using the Clinical Language Disorder Rating Scale (CLANG) in 167 inpatients with schizophrenia. All 17 of the CLANG items were considered to be ordered categorical variables ranging from 0 to 3. Our results indicated that disclosure failure, excess syntactic constraints, abnormal prosody, and aprosodic speech rank among the top five central domains within the network structure. We deemed that disclosure failure and prosody problems are the most important symptoms of language disorder in schizophrenia. Thus, reduced top-down processing of linguistic information may be a core neurobiological underpinning of language disorganization in schizophrenia. Further studies controlling for the potential effects of confounding factors (i.e., duration of illness) on network analyses of language disorder and formal thought disorder are warranted in patients with schizophrenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2020.61.8.726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7393296PMC
August 2020

Network Analysis of Language Disorganization in Patients with Schizophrenia.

Yonsei Med J 2020 Aug;61(8):726-730

Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea.

Language disorganization, an objective component of formal thought process abnormality, has been regarded as a core symptom of schizophrenia from an evolutionary psychopathology perspective. However, to the best of our knowledge, the network structure of language disorganization has rarely been examined in patients with schizophrenia. Thus, our preliminary study aimed to evaluate the network structure using the Clinical Language Disorder Rating Scale (CLANG) in 167 inpatients with schizophrenia. All 17 of the CLANG items were considered to be ordered categorical variables ranging from 0 to 3. Our results indicated that disclosure failure, excess syntactic constraints, abnormal prosody, and aprosodic speech rank among the top five central domains within the network structure. We deemed that disclosure failure and prosody problems are the most important symptoms of language disorder in schizophrenia. Thus, reduced top-down processing of linguistic information may be a core neurobiological underpinning of language disorganization in schizophrenia. Further studies controlling for the potential effects of confounding factors (i.e., duration of illness) on network analyses of language disorder and formal thought disorder are warranted in patients with schizophrenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2020.61.8.726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7393296PMC
August 2020

Examining Patterns of Polypharmacy in Bipolar Disorder: Findings from the REAP-BD, Korea.

Psychiatry Investig 2019 May 23;16(5):397-402. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Republic of Korea.

Based on Korean data from the Research on Asian Psychotropic Prescription Pattern for Bipolar Disorder, this study tried to present prescription patterns in biopolar disorder (BD) and its associated clinical features. Based on the information obtained from the study with structured questions, the tendency of prescription pattern was studied and analyzed. Polypharmacy was predominant, including simple polypharmacy in 51.1% and complex polypharmacy in 34.2% of patients. Subjects associated with simple or complex polypharmacy were significantly younger, had higher inpatient settings, a larger portion of onset with manic episode, a shorter duration of untreated illness, a shorter duration of current episode, were more overweight, used less antidepressants and used more anxiolytics. These findings can suggest higher polypharmacy rate in more severe BD and highlight the necessity of monitoring the weight of subjects with polypharmacy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30773/pi.2019.02.26.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6539270PMC
May 2019
-->