Publications by authors named "O Oyeleye"

15 Publications

Attitudes Surrounding Music of Patients With Anorexia Nervosa: A Survey-Based Mixed-Methods Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 2;12:639202. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is one of the main eating disorders. It has the highest mortality of all psychiatric disorders, and the success rates of current therapies are not fully satisfactory. Thus, there is a need for novel interventions. We investigated the attitudes surrounding music of 41 patients with clinically-diagnosed AN as well as their thoughts on the potential therapeutic uses of music using a questionnaire of 50 questions. Free text responses were qualitatively analyzed for reoccurring themes with NVivo 12 software. Yes/no questions and questions of best fit were analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 25. The most prevalent theme was the positive effect of music. Most patients reported that listening to music evokes varying emotions in them (83%) which may be of positive or negative nature. Similarly, patients associated certain music with particular positive, but also with particular negative memories. A majority of patients stated that music helps to distract them (85%), helps with loneliness (59%) and helps them feel more connected to others (58%). This data indicates that people with AN make nonclinical use of music which seems to elicit positive as well as negative emotions and memories. Patients felt music is beneficial with regard to important aspects of AN, such as emotional problems, loneliness, and relationship difficulties. Most of them would also like to attend music therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.639202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8206484PMC
June 2021

Sensory wellbeing workshops for inpatient and day-care patients with anorexia nervosa.

Neuropsychiatr 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Eating Disorders National Service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: The wellbeing of patients with eating disorders is one of the priorities in the "bigger picture" of treatment for eating disorders. Sensory soothing strategies for sensory sensitivities are supportive tools which could be useful in day-care and inpatient clinical programmes.

Methods: Evaluation of multiple separate sensory wellbeing workshops consisting of psychoeducation and experiential components delivered in inpatient and intensive day-care services was performed. Participants' self-report questionnaires were evaluated pre- and post-workshop. Additionally, patients' comments and qualitative feedback was collected after completion of the workshop.

Results: There was strong evidence that self-reported awareness of sensory wellbeing, awareness of strategies to enhance sensory wellbeing, and confidence in managing sensory wellbeing increased after the workshops with positive qualitative feedback from participants. The feedback questionnaires highlighted that patients found the sessions useful and were able to use some of the skills and strategies they learned in the workshop.

Conclusion: This pilot work on sensory wellbeing workshops with a protocol-based format was feasible and beneficial for the patient group. Preliminary evidence suggests that delivery of similar workshops could be sensible in addition to treatment as usual in inpatient and day-care programmes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40211-021-00392-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8204121PMC
June 2021

Comparison of respiratory and skin disorders between residents living close to and far from Solous landfill site in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2021 Apr 30;13(1):e1-e7. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos.

Background: Solid waste dump sites have proven to have potentially high risk to human health as it serves as a source of air, soil and underground water pollution.

Aim: This study aimed to assess and compare the knowledge, respiratory disorders and skin disorders between residents living close to and far from landfill sites in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Setting: Igando (a community within 5 km close to) and Badagry (a community beyond 5 km from) Solous Landfill sites in Lagos state, Nigeria.

Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study amongst 103 respondents recruited from each of the two study sites by multistage sampling method was carried out. Data were collected using pretested, structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire, and analysed using Microsoft Excel 2007, EPI Info 7 and WinPepi statistical software packages. Student t-test, Fisher's exact and Chi-square tests were carried out. The p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The mean age of Igando and Badagry respondents was 34.18 ± 10.21 years and 32.62 ± 9.84 years, respectively. The two communities differed significantly (p 0.0001) with respect to distance of workplace from landfill site and duration of stay in the residential location. The mean knowledge score of respondents on respiratory and skin disorders associated with solid waste dump site close to landfill sites (82.53 ± 20.60) was statistically significantly higher than those of respondents far from landfill sites (71.84 ± 20.57) (p = 0.0003). Respiratory and skin disorders experiences of respondents close to landfill sites were statistically significantly (p 0.0001) higher than those of residents far from landfill sites with respect to wheezing, frequent sneezing, unpleasant odour, fever and skin rashes.

Conclusion: Respiratory and skin disorders experienced by respondents close to landfill sites are higher than those of residents far from landfill sites. Landfill sites should not be located close to human settlements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v13i1.2677DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8111640PMC
April 2021

The HIPAA Privacy Rule, COVID-19, and nurses' privacy rights.

Nursing 2021 02;51(2):11-14

Omobola Awosika Oyeleye is an assistant professor at the University of Texas at Houston, Cizik School of Nursing, in Houston, Tex.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000731892.59941.a9DOI Listing
February 2021

Optimising care pathways for adult anorexia nervosa. What is the evidence to guide the provision of high-quality, cost-effective services?

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2021 May 24;29(3):306-315. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL and CIBERobn, Barcelona, Spain.

The aim of this paper is to consider how changes in service planning and delivery might improve the care pathways for adult anorexia nervosa. Although anorexia nervosa has a long history in Europe, its framing as a mental disorder is quite recent. The changing forms and increasing epidemiology of eating disorders has led to the expansion of specialised services. Although some services provide care over the entire clinical course, more often services are divided into those that care for children and adolescents or adults. The transition needs to be carefully managed as currently these services may have a different ethos and expectations. Services for adults have a broad range of diversity (diagnostic subtype, medical severity, comorbidity, stage of illness and psychosocial functioning) all of which impacts on prognosis. A tailored, approach to treatment planning could optimise the pathway. Facilitating early help seeking and rapid diagnosis in primary care and reducing specialised services waiting lists for assessment and treatment could be a form of secondary prevention. The use of precision models and /or continuous outcome monitoring might reduce the third of patients who require more intensive care by applying augmentation strategies. Finally, gains from intensive care might be sustained by relapse prevention interventions and community support to bridge the transition home. Together these measures might reduce the proportion of patients (currently a third) with ill health for over 20 years. For this group rehabilitation strategies may improve functioning until new treatment emerge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2821DOI Listing
May 2021