Publications by authors named "O G Zheludkova"

35 Publications

[Influence of resection quality on postoperative outcomes in children with atypical teratoid-rhabdoid tumor of the central nervous system].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2021 ;85(2):17-25

Voino-Yasenetsky Research and Practical Center for Specialized Medical Care, Moscow, Russia.

The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of resection quality on overall survival and disease-free survival in children with atypical teratoid-rhabdoid tumors (ATRT). The study included children younger than 18 years old for the period from 2008 to 2019. There were 134 interventions in 105 patients with ATRT including 11 redo resections («second-look» surgery) and 18 procedures for tumor recurrence. Age of patients ranged from 2 to 168 months (median 21 months). Patients with supratentorial tumors prevailed (50.5%), infratentorial neoplasms were diagnosed in 45.7% of patients, spinal cord lesion - 3.8% of cases. At the first stage, all patients underwent surgical treatment. Total resection was achieved in 34 (32.4%) patients, subtotal - 37 (35.2%) patients, partial resection - 30 (28.6%) patients. Biopsy was performed in 4 (3.8%) patients. Quality of resection and age at surgery significantly influenced overall and disease-free survival. Extended resection of tumor followed by adjuvant chemo- and radiotherapy are required to improve survival although ATRTs are high-grade neoplasms with poor prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/neiro20218502117DOI Listing
April 2021

Integrated molecular analysis of adult Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)-activated medulloblastomas reveals two clinically relevant tumor subsets with VEGFA as potent prognostic indicator.

Neuro Oncol 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Hopp Children´s Cancer Center Heidelberg (KiTZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Up to now, adult medulloblastoma (MB) patients are treated according to the protocols elaborated for pediatric MB although these tumors are different in terms of clinical outcomes and biology. Approximately 70% of adult MB disclose a Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) molecular signature in contrast to about 30% in pediatric cohorts. In addition, adult SHH-MB (aSHH-MB) are clinically heterogeneous but there is consensus neither on their optimal treatment nor on risk stratification. Thus, the identification of clinically relevant molecular subsets of aSHH-MB and identification of potential treatment targets remains inconclusive.

Methods: We analyzed 96 samples of institutionally diagnosed aSHH-MB through genome-wide DNA methylation profiling, targeted DNA sequencing and RNA sequencing to identify molecular subcategories of these tumors and assess their prognostic significance.

Results: We defined two aSHH-MB numerically comparable epigenetic subsets with clinical and molecular variability. The subset "aSHH-MBI" (46/48%) was associated with PTCH1/SMO (54%/46%) mutations, "neuronal" transcriptional signatures, and favorable outcomes after combined radio-chemotherapy (5-year PFS = 80% and OS = 92%). The clinically unfavorable "aSHH-MBII" subset (50/52%; 5-year PFS = 24% and OS = 45%) disclosed GLI2 amplifications (8%), loss of 10q (22%), and gene expression signatures associated with angiogenesis and embryonal development. aSHH-MBII tumors revealed strong and ubiquitous expression of VEGFA both at transcript and protein levels that was correlated with unfavorable outcome.

Conclusions: 1. The histologically uniform aSHH-MB cohort exhibits clear molecular heterogeneity separating these tumors into two molecular subsets (aSHH-MBI and aSHH-MBII), which are associated with different cytogenetics, mutational landscapes, gene expression signatures, and clinical course. 2. VEGFA appears to be a promising biomarker to predict clinical course, which needs further prospective validation as its potential role in the pathogenesis of this subset.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noab031DOI Listing
February 2021

[Endocrine late-effects and bone mineral density after combined treatment of malignant brain tumors in childhood and adolescence].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2021 Jan 8;67(1):31-40. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University).

Background:  The implementation of standardized protocols for combined treatment of cancer into clinical practice inevitably leads to a long-term consequence.

Aims:  To study the prevalence of endocrine disorders, to assess the prevalence and degree of decline of bone mineral density (BMD) in individuals who have undergone combined treatment of malignant brain tumors in childhood and adolescence.

Materials And Methods:  A retrospective study was conducted with 59 young adults (31 men; 28 women) who have undergone surgical treatment of malignant brain tumour followed by radiation treatment (craniospinal radiation in combination with or without polychemotherapy). Group I consisted of 37 patients, who were treated between the ages of 3 and 16 years. Group II included 22 patients who received treatment between the ages of 16 and 38 years.

Results:  GH deficiency according to the results of the insulin hypoglycemia test was diagnosed in 48 patients (81%), 22 -patients had secondary adrenal insufficiency (37%). The majority of those examined (33 patients (56%)) did not achieve the target growth. Only 5 people from I group was treated with recombinant GH. Correlation analysis demonstrates that age of treatment is the main factor affecting final growth (r=0,619, p<0,001). Many cases of hypothyroidism (n=39 (66%)) and hypogonadism (19 women; 17 men) were detected. According to the DXA, a decrease of BMD ≤-2.0 SD (Z-score) in L1-L4 was found in 35 of 59 patients (59%). The BMD in the I group was significantly lower than in patients treated at an older age (p<0.001). A moderate correlation was discovered between BMD in L1-L4 at the time of examination and the level of estradiol in women (r=0.596, p<0.05) and testosterone in men (r=0.472, p<0.05). Direct correlation between BMD and age of diagnosis was revealed (r=0.781, p<0.01).

Conclusions:  The results show that patients need to be monitored annually and for life after the combined treatment of malignant brain tumors in order to detect the long-term effects of the treatment. The high incidence of osteopenic conditions determines the relevance and need for early diagnosis to prevent further bone loss, reduced bone strength and the risk of fractures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14341/probl12680DOI Listing
January 2021

Molecular analysis of pediatric CNS-PNET revealed nosologic heterogeneity and potent diagnostic markers for CNS neuroblastoma with FOXR2-activation.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2021 02 3;9(1):20. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Clinical Cooperation Unit Neuropathology (G380), German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS-PNETs) are highly malignant neoplasms posing diagnostic challenge due to a lack of defining molecular markers. CNS neuroblastoma with forkhead box R2 (FOXR2) activation (CNS_NBL) emerged as a distinct pediatric brain tumor entity from a pool previously diagnosed as primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS-PNETs). Current standard of identifying CNS_NBL relies on molecular analysis. We set out to establish immunohistochemical markers allowing safely distinguishing CNS_NBL from morphological mimics. To this aim we analyzed a series of 84 brain tumors institutionally diagnosed as CNS-PNET. As expected, epigenetic analysis revealed different methylation groups corresponding to the (1) CNS-NBL (24%), (2) glioblastoma IDH wild-type subclass H3.3 G34 (26%), (3) glioblastoma IDH wild-type subclass MYCN (21%) and (4) ependymoma with RELA_C11orf95 fusion (29%) entities. Transcriptome analysis of this series revealed a set of differentially expressed genes distinguishing CNS_NBL from its mimics. Based on RNA-sequencing data we established SOX10 and ANKRD55 expression as genes discriminating CNS_NBL from other tumors exhibiting CNS-PNET. Immunohistochemical detection of combined expression of SOX10 and ANKRD55 clearly identifies CNS_NBL discriminating them to other hemispheric CNS neoplasms harboring "PNET-like" microscopic appearance. Owing the rarity of CNS_NBL, a confirmation of the elaborated diagnostic IHC algorithm will be necessary in prospective patient series.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-021-01118-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7860633PMC
February 2021

Clinical Outcomes and Patient-Matched Molecular Composition of Relapsed Medulloblastoma.

J Clin Oncol 2021 Mar 27;39(7):807-821. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Purpose: We sought to investigate clinical outcomes of relapsed medulloblastoma and to compare molecular features between patient-matched diagnostic and relapsed tumors.

Methods: Children and infants enrolled on either SJMB03 (NCT00085202) or SJYC07 (NCT00602667) trials who experienced medulloblastoma relapse were analyzed for clinical outcomes, including anatomic and temporal patterns of relapse and postrelapse survival. A largely independent, paired molecular cohort was analyzed by DNA methylation array and next-generation sequencing.

Results: A total of 72 of 329 (22%) SJMB03 and 52 of 79 (66%) SJYC07 patients experienced relapse with significant representation of Group 3 and wingless tumors. Although most patients exhibited some distal disease (79%), 38% of patients with sonic hedgehog tumors experienced isolated local relapse. Time to relapse and postrelapse survival varied by molecular subgroup with longer latencies for patients with Group 4 tumors. Postrelapse radiation therapy among previously nonirradiated SJYC07 patients was associated with long-term survival. Reirradiation was only temporizing for SJMB03 patients. Among 127 patients with patient-matched tumor pairs, 9 (7%) experienced subsequent nonmedulloblastoma CNS malignancies. Subgroup (96%) and subtype (80%) stabilities were largely maintained among the remainder. Rare subgroup divergence was observed from Group 4 to Group 3 tumors, which is coincident with genetic alterations involving , , and . Subgroup-specific patterns of alteration were identified for driver genes and chromosome arms.

Conclusion: Clinical behavior of relapsed medulloblastoma must be contextualized in terms of up-front therapies and molecular classifications. Group 4 tumors exhibit slower biological progression. Utility of radiation at relapse is dependent on patient age and prior treatments. Degree and patterns of molecular conservation at relapse vary by subgroup. Relapse tissue enables verification of molecular targets and identification of occult secondary malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.20.01359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8078396PMC
March 2021