Publications by authors named "Noriko Kaneda"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Usefulness of one-point plasma SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratios as a substitute for UGT1A1 genetic information after irinotecan administration.

Int J Clin Oncol 2014 Apr 19;19(2):397-402. Epub 2013 Apr 19.

Department of Pharmacy, Osaka Rosai Hospital, 1179-3 Nagasone-cho, Kita-ku, Sakai, Osaka, 591-8025, Japan.

Background: It was recently reported that genetic polymorphisms of UDP glucuronyltransferase-1 polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1), a glucuronidation enzyme, were associated with irinotecan (CPT-11) metabolism. The active metabolite of CPT-11, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) was glucuronidated (SN-38G) by UGT1A1. Genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A1 were associated with potentially serious adverse events, including neutropenia. Several studies have suggested that the dose of CPT-11 should be decreased in patients homozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28, or double heterozygotes (*6/*28). However, the reference dose for patients with these genetic polymorphisms is unclear.

Methods: We investigated the relationship between the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio and the dose of CPT-11 in 70 patients with colorectal cancer who received FOLFIRI-based regimens, by measuring the plasma concentrations of CPT-11, SN-38, and SN-38G.

Results: The SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio was lower in patients who were homozygous for UGT1A1*6, heterozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28, or were double heterozygotes compared with patients with wild-type genes. The relative decreases in the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio in patients homozygous for UGT1A1*6 and in double heterozygotes were greater than in patients heterozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28. Interestingly, decreases in the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio were associated with decreases in the neutrophil count and the final infusion dose of CPT-11.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio is an important factor for guiding dose adjustments, even in patients with wild-type genes. Therefore, the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio, as an index of the patient's metabolic capacity, is useful for assessing dose adjustments of CPT-11.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-013-0558-1DOI Listing
April 2014

Attenuation of renal fibrosis by curcumin in rat obstructive nephropathy.

Urology 2006 Feb;67(2):440-6

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Objectives: To test whether curcumin has a protective action against interstitial inflammation and the development of renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. We also tested whether inhibition of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) by curcumin is involved in these mechanisms.

Methods: Adult male rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction. The rats were treated with curcumin (200 mg/kg/day or 800 mg/kg/day), NF-kappaB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC; 200 mg/kg/day), or vehicle by gavage. Sham-operated rats served as controls. Seven days after unilateral ureteral obstruction, the activity of NF-kappaB and AP-1 was examined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay using nuclear protein extracts from the renal cortex. Gene expression of chemokines and pro-fibrotic molecules was determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Macrophage infiltration and collagen III accumulation in the cortical interstitium was examined immunohistochemically.

Results: Both curcumin and PDTC significantly attenuated interstitial macrophage influx and renal fibrosis. Ureteral occlusion activated both NF-kappaB and AP-1-DNA binding. Curcumin and PDTC significantly inhibited NF-kappaB activity, but not AP-1. Gene expression of chemokines and pro-fibrotic molecules was upregulated in unilateral ureteral obstruction that was attenuated by either curcumin or PDTC.

Conclusions: Curcumin protected against the renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis elicited by ureteral occlusion. Inhibition of the NF-kappaB-dependent pathway is at least in part involved in the mechanisms, but AP-1 inhibition is unlikely to be involved in the beneficial effects of curcumin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2005.09.028DOI Listing
February 2006

Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic strategies of chronic renal injury: the role of nuclear factor kappaB activation in the development of renal fibrosis.

J Pharmacol Sci 2006 Jan 6;100(1):17-21. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a common feature of many progressive renal diseases and is a main determinant that leads to an irreversible loss of renal function. In chronic cyclosporin A nephrotoxicity, we previously reported that inflammatory responses such as macrophage infiltration preceded interstitial fibrosis. This inflammation was accompanied by an elevation in renal nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity. Similar findings were obtained in chronic tacrolimus nephrotoxicity and obstructive nephropathy. Inhibition of NF-kappaB markedly attenuated renal inflammation and interstitial fibrosis in these models. Furthermore, administration of oral adsorbent (Kremezin) significantly attenuated the increase in renal NF-kappaB activity and concomitantly reduced interstitial inflammation and renal fibrosis in chronic renal failure rats. Elimination of indoxyl sulfate by this adsorbent is likely involved in this mechanism since it is known that indoxyl sulfate activates NF-kappaB in renal tubular cells. It is suggested that strategy aiming at NF-kappaB inhibition is important to prevent the progression of renal fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jphs.fmj05003x4DOI Listing
January 2006
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