Publications by authors named "Noha Samir"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Expressing the immunodominant projection domain of infectious bursal disease virus fused to the fragment crystallizable of chicken IgY in yellow maize for a prospective edible vaccine.

Mol Immunol 2020 02 24;118:132-141. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Veterinary Sera and Vaccines Research Institute (VSVRI), ARC, Abbassia, P.O. Box #131, 11381, Cairo, Egypt.

Control of Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in endemic countries has been based on early immunization of chicks using conventional live or inactivated vaccines that became not fully effectual and have biosafety concerns. This endeavor seeks generating a recombinant chimeric protein merging the projection domain (PD) of IBDV VP2 capsid with the fragment crystallizable (Fc) of avian IgY (FcIgY), in maize as a prospective poultry edible vaccine. The PD sequence was built on the basis of very virulent IBDV isolates circulating in Egypt. After optimization of codon-usage in maize, sequences of PD and FcIgY were effectively expressed in two elites of yellow maize via bombardment transformation in immature embryos. Chimeric protein amount in stable transgenic samples ranged from1.36% to 3.03% of the total soluble protein based on tissue age and maize cultivar. IBDV VP2 coding sequence was amplified from viral RNA, cloned, and expressed in E. coli. A group of Balb/C mice were hyper-immunized with purified recombinant VP2 protein for raising anti- recombinant VP2 antibodies (anti-rVP2 Ab). Proper expression in maize and immunoreactivity of the chimeric protein (PD-FcIgY) to chicken anti- IBDV and anti-rVP2 Ab were confirmed by both direct and indirect double antibody sandwich (DAS)-ELISAs as well as western blotting. Seeds of regenerated transgenic maize will be validated for chickens as edible vaccination in further studies.
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February 2020

Apoptotic induction mediated p53 mechanism and Caspase-3 activity by novel promising cyanoacrylamide derivatives in breast carcinoma.

Bioorg Chem 2017 08 1;73:43-52. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

New cyanoacrylamide derivatives were theoretically examined for their binding abilities to a protein model of apoptosis inhibitor proteins x-IAP and c-IAP1 using molecular modeling. The two compounds 5a and 5b proved promising IAP antagonists, where they have good binding affinity toward the selected active domains. Anticancer activity of all derivatives was performed on different human cancer cell lines (HCT116, Caco, and MCF7) as well as normal line (HBF4). Data revealed that breast carcinoma was more sensitive to the novel compounds than other lines especially compounds 5a and 5b, but all derivatives lost their cytotoxic effect in case of Caco2 cell line and they showed low cytotoxic effect toward HCT116 cells except compound 3. The flow cytometric analysis revealed that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced apoptosis to 46.5% and 54.8% respectively, relative to control 8.06%. In addition, PCR results indicated that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced the expression of p53 gene and decreased induction of BCL2 (anti-apoptotic gene), while the two compounds have no effect on the protein expression of Caspase-9. By monitoring the presence of Caspase-3 which was a mean to detect apoptotic death in breast carcinoma, the two compounds have stimulated the induction of apoptosis by increasing the production of Caspase-3 protein. Finally, it was concluded that the two compounds 5b and 5a have the most promising anti-cancer activity against human breast carcinoma (MCF7), and it is believed that the anticancer activities of these two compounds were due to being the most effective in the inhibition of a member of IAPs groups, leading to activation of p53 gene and the Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.
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August 2017