Publications by authors named "Nobuyuki Takasu"

86 Publications

Plummer's Nails (Onycholysis) in a Thyroid-stimulation-blocking Antibody (TSBAb)-positive Patient with Hypothyroidism.

Intern Med 2018 Oct 18;57(20):3055-3056. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Jisenkai Aizawa Hospital, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.0809-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232039PMC
October 2018

Effects of Oral Antidiabetic Drugs on Changes in the Liver-to-Spleen Ratio on Computed Tomography and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Clin Ther 2017 Mar 6;39(3):558-566. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Aizawa Hospital, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan.

Purpose: Oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) such as pioglitazone and metformin have beneficial effects in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. We prospectively assessed the effects of OADs on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in 886 men with type 2 diabetes mellitus and in a murine model of NAFLD.

Methods: Patients were randomized to receive pioglitazone, metformin, sitagliptin, or a non-OAD (control) for 6 months. All the patients received dietary and exercise guidance once a month during this study. Changes in the liver-to-spleen ratio on computed tomography (CT) and NAFLD-related parameters were measured from baseline to the end of treatment.

Findings: The liver/spleen ratio improved significantly in the pioglitazone and metformin groups compared with the control group (both P < 0.01), but not in the sitagliptin group (P = 0.73). The mean changes from baseline were -3.464 ± 10.156%, 19.236 ± 9.896%, 4.783 ± 1.467%, and 1.328 ± 0.802% in the control, pioglitazone, metformin, and sitagliptin groups, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that the liver/spleen ratio was strongly correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentration in the pioglitazone group (F = 9.973; P < 0.01) and abdominal visceral fat volume in the metformin group (F = 6.049; P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Pioglitazone elicited the greatest improvements in features of NAFLD in type 2 diabetes mellitus. (Trial Registration: www.isrctn.org/, ISRCTN33414972, http://www.isrctn.org/).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2017.01.015DOI Listing
March 2017

Changes of TSH-Stimulation Blocking Antibody (TSBAb) and Thyroid Stimulating Antibody (TSAb) Over 10 Years in 34 TSBAb-Positive Patients with Hypothyroidism and in 98 TSAb-Positive Graves' Patients with Hyperthyroidism: Reevaluation of TSBAb and TSAb in TSH-Receptor-Antibody (TRAb)-Positive Patients.

J Thyroid Res 2012 10;2012:182176. Epub 2012 May 10.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aizawa Hospital, 2-5-1 Honjo, Mtasumoto 390-8521, Japan.

TWO TRABS: TSBAb and TSAb. TSBAb causes hypothyroidism. TSAb causes Graves' hyperthyroidism. TSBAb and TSAb block TSH-binding to cells as TRAb, measured as TSH-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII). We reevaluate TSBAb and TSAb. We studied TSBAb, TSAb, and TBII over 10 years in 34 TSBAb-positives with hypothyroidism and in 98 TSAb-positives with hyperthyroidism. Half of the 34 TSBAb-positives with hypothyroidism continued to have persistently positive TSBAb, continued to have hypothyroidism, and did not recover from hypothyroidism. Ten of the 98 TSAb-positives with hyperthyroidism continued to have positive TSAb and continued to have hyperthyroidism. TSBAb had disappeared in 15 of the 34 TSBAb-positives with hypothyroidism. With the disappearance of TSBAb, recovery from hypothyroidism was noted in 13 (87%) of the 15 patients. TSAb had disappeared in 73 of the 98 TSAb-positives with hyperthyroidism. With the disappearance of TSAb, remissions of hyperthyroidism were noted in 60 (82%) of the 73. Two of the 34 TSBAb-positives with hypothyroidism developed TSAb-positive Graves' hyperthyroidism. Two of the 98 TSAb-positive Graves' patients with hyperthyroidism developed TSBAb-positive hypothyroidism. TSBAb and TSAb are TRAbs. TSBAb-hypothyroidism and TSAb-hyperthyroidism may be two aspects of one disease (TRAb disease). Two forms of autoimmune thyroiditis: atrophic and goitrous. We followed 34 TSBAb-positive patients with hypothyroidism (24 atrophic and 10 goitrous) over 10 years. All of the 10 TSBAb-positive goitrous patients recovered from hypothyroidism and 19 (79%) of the 24 TSBAb-positive atrophic patients continued to have hypothyroidism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/182176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3359712PMC
August 2012

A Patient with Postpartum Hypopituitarism (Sheehan's Syndrome) Developed Postpartum Autoimmune Thyroiditis (Transient Thyrotoxicosis and Hypothyroidism): A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Thyroid Res 2011 11;2011:413026. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aizawa Hospital, 2-5-1 Honjo, Mtasumoto 390-8521, Japan.

A 36-year-old woman with postpartum hypopituitarism (Sheehan's syndrome: SS) developed postpartum autoimmune thyroiditis (PPAT). She delivered a baby by Caesarean section (620 mL blood loss). At 1 month post partum, she developed thyrotoxicosis due to painless thyroiditis (autoimmune destructive thyroiditis). She was positive for antithyroid antibodies. Postpartum and hypoadrenalism-induced exacerbation of autoimmune thyroiditis caused the thyrotoxicosis due to autoimmune destructive thyroiditis. ACTH was undetectable. She had ACTH deficiency and secondary hypoadrenalism. Hydrocortisone was started. At 6 months post partum, she was referred to us with hypothyroidism. Thyroxine was administered. She had thyrotoxicosis at 1-2 months post partum and then hypothyroidism. She was diagnosed with PPAT. She had hypopituitarism, ACTH deficiency (secondary hypoadrenalism), low prolactin with agalactia, and low LH with failure to resume regular menses. She had empty sella on MRI. She was diagnosed with SS. Three cases with SS have been reported to develop PPAT. Postpartum immunological rebounds and hypoadrenalism-induced immunological alterations (or a combination of the two) might have been responsible for the PPAT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/413026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3095901PMC
July 2011

Development of Graves' hyperthyroidism caused an adrenal crisis in a patient with previously unrecognized non-classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency.

Intern Med 2010 15;49(14):1395-400. Epub 2010 Jul 15.

Center of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical Plaza Daido, Naha.

A 75-year-old woman was found to be unconscious in hospital. She was febrile with a temperature of 38.4 degrees C. She had hypotension (blood pressure 80/40 mmHg) with serum Na 132 mEq/L and K 5.7 mEq/L (serum Na/K = 23.2), and serum cortisol 0.91 microg/dL, indicative of adrenal failure. She was admitted for the treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism, and was found to be unconscious in hospital. We encountered a patient with unrecognized adrenocortical disease, in whom development of Graves' hyperthyroidism caused an adrenal crisis. The ACTH stimulation test indicated that she had 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD); after ACTH stimulation, 17-OH-progesterone increased from 0.6 to 10.4 ng/mL (17.3 times), and 17-OH-progesterone/cortisol from 0.0049 to 0.045 (9.2 times). She did not have clinical signs of classical 21OHD. She had non-classical 21OHD (NC21OHD). Development of Graves' hyperthyroidism caused an adrenal crisis in a patient with previously unrecognized NC21OHD. A patient with unrecognized adrenocortical disease developed Graves' hyperthyroidism, which induced an adrenal crisis. She had NC21OHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.49.3573DOI Listing
April 2011

[Cauda equina relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation in a patient with primary plasma cell leukemia].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2010 Apr;37(4):743-6

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine.

We report a rare case showing involvement with the cauda equina after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for primary plasma cell leukemia (PCL). A 55-year-old man was diagnosed with PCL(IgA-k type, stage III)in November of 2006. He was treated with VAD chemotherapy consisting of vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone. After achieving hematological remission, he received tandem high-dose melphalan supported by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Five months after his second transplant, he complained of lumbago and bilateral leg pain. M-protein and Bence-Jones protein were not detected in serum or urine. An axial magnetic resonance imaging study revealed enlargement of the cauda equina nerve roots on T-1 weighted image. A sagittal T-1 weighted gadolinium-enhanced imaging study showed hyperintensities along the cauda equina. Leptomeningeal enhancement was also seen below the level of Th6. A cytological examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with May-Giemsa stain showed atypical plasma cells. Immunoelectrophoresis of the CSF revealed monoclonal IgA-k type protein. A diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS)relapse was made. The patient died of pneumonia two months after relapse. It should be kept in mind that CNS relapse can occur during hematological remission in patients with multiple myeloma including PCL.
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April 2010

Treatment of pretibial myxedema (PTM) with topical steroid ointment application with sealing cover (steroid occlusive dressing technique: steroid ODT) in Graves' patients.

Intern Med 2010 1;49(7):665-9. Epub 2010 Apr 1.

Center of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical Plaza Daido, Naha.

Localized pretibial myxedema (PTM) is a sign of Graves' disease. A 53-year-old man with Graves' disease was admitted with the development of PTM following radioisotope (131)I treatment for Graves' hyperthyroidism. TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) titer was also increased after (131)I treatment. TRAb was measured as thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb) or TSH-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII). PTM was noted several months after (131)I treatment. The PTM-development seems to be associated with the increased TRAb-activities. The localized pretibial myxedema was effectively treated with topical steroid (triamcinolone acetonide) ointment application with sealing cover (steroid occlusive dressing technique: steroid ODT). We also report our experience of PTM-treatment with steroid ODT in 5 other PTM patients with positive TRAb. PTM was successfully treated with steroid ODT in two patients. In these two patients, the treatment was started within several months of the appearance of PTM. In the other 4 patients, the treatment was started 5-10 years after the appearance of PTM without any beneficial effects. Early detection and early treatment are necessary for the remission of PTM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.49.2617DOI Listing
November 2010

Treatment-related Burkitt's lymphoma: literature review and case report of successful treatment with rituximab monotherapy.

Acta Haematol 2009 29;122(4):211-5. Epub 2009 Oct 29.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

The development of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is uncommon in elderly people. Most treatment-related hematological malignancies are of a myeloid lineage. Only a few cases with BL secondary to cancer treatment have been described. We report a rare case of an elderly patient with radiotherapy-related BL. A 71-year-old Japanese man, who had a past history of oropharyngeal cancer treated with local irradiation 15 years ago, presented with a left mandibular mass in December 2004. A partial mandibulectomy disclosed pathological features consistent with BL. Although the patient was initially treated with intensive chemotherapy, the development of complications precluded further anticancer drug treatment. Rituximab was administered once weekly for 5 consecutive weeks, with resolution of the mandibular mass. He remained in remission without further lymphoma treatment for more than 3 years after diagnosis. Rituximab monotherapy should be considered as a therapeutic option for elderly patients with BL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000253028DOI Listing
December 2009

[HIV- and HHV-8-negative primary effusion lymphoma-like lymphoma presenting with lymphomatous effusions complicated by cardiac tamponade-a case report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2009 Jul;36(7):1195-8

Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine.

We report a rare case of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8)-negative primary effusion lymphoma (PEL)-like lymphoma presenting with lymphomatous effusions complicated by cardiac tamponade. A 68-year-old woman was hospitalized with generalized weakness in June 2006. Echocardiogram revealed the presence of pericardial effusion and she had the signs of cardiac tamponade. Urgent pericardial drainage relieved her symptoms. Chest computed tomography showed bilateral pleural effusions along with pericardial effusion. Cytologic findings of both effusions were suggestive of malignancies, including malignant lymphoma. Immunocytochemical studies with a panel of antibodies, including CD20 and CD79a, could not provide a definite diagnosis. Flow cytometric analysis of pleural effusion revealed that tumor cells were positive for CD10 and CD19, but negative for CD20, CD23, surface immunoglobulin, and T-cell associated antigens. Clonal rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene was detected by Southern blot analysis. Polymerase chain reaction proved to be negative for HHV-8. The serology test for HIV was negative. After a diagnosis of HHV-8-negative PEL-like lymphoma, she was treated with CHOP chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone). However, she died of progressive lymphoma 7 months after the diagnosis. PEL-like lymphomas are of B-cell origin. In some cases of PEL-like lymphoma, tumor cells may be negative for representative markers of B-cell phenotype such as CD20 and CD79a.
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July 2009

Intensive chemotherapy for a patient with primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with Burkitt-like morphology.

Intern Med 2009 16;48(6):475-8. Epub 2009 Mar 16.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa.

We report a rare case of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with Burkitt-like morphology. A 54-year-old man presented with multiple subcutaneous tumors. Pathological examination showed morphological features resembling Burkitt or Burkitt-like lymphoma (BL/BLL) with high MIB-1 positivity. Cytogenetic studies revealed no 8q24/c-myc translocation. After the diagnosis of Burkitt-like DLBCL, the patient was treated with CODOX-M chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, cytarabine and methotrexate), which led to durable remission. The present case suggests that short-term, high-intensity chemotherapy used for BL/BLL may be appropriate for primary cutaneous Burkitt-like DLBCL, as well as systemic lymphoma with Burkitt-like morphology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.48.1791DOI Listing
August 2009

Extranodal adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma of the head and neck: a clinicopathological study of nine cases and a review of the literature.

Leuk Lymphoma 2009 Feb;50(2):187-95

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

Extranodal adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) of the head and neck is a rare disease. We studied the clinicopathological features of nine patients with ATLL involving extranodal head and neck sites and conducted a literature review. Six patients presented with extranodal mass of the head and neck, whereas three had disseminated diseases. Tumors involved the parotid gland, sinonasal tract, masseter muscle, mandible and skull. Histopathology included diffuse pleomorphic-type (with angiocentric features), Hodgkin-like and anaplastic large cell-type. Five patients with localised disease showed prolonged survival regardless of unfavourable histology and/or aberrant provirus status, including integration of multiple copies or defective provirus. Patients with localised disease documented in the literature, including our study series, had a reduced frequency of elevated lactate dehydrogenase, no hypercalcemia and longer survival. ATLL should be included in the differential diagnosis of extranodal head and neck lymphoma. Localised extranodal ATLL of the head and neck may exhibit indolent clinical behaviours.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428190802702383DOI Listing
February 2009

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma presenting multiple lymphomatous polyposis.

World J Gastroenterol 2008 Nov;14(42):6584-8

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics (First Department of Internal Medicine), Control and Prevention of Infectious Disease, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Multiple lymphomatous polyposis (MLP) is an unusual form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by polyps throughout the gastrointestinal tract. It has been reported that most MLP are observed in cases with mantle cell lymphoma of B-cell type. We herein present a case of a 66-year-old man with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). Colonoscopy revealed MLP throughout the colon and histopathological findings of ATLL cell infiltration. The patient died despite combination of chemotherapy. The literature of manifestations of colonic involvement of ATLL is reviewed and the importance of endoscopic evaluation to differentiate ATLL intestinal lesions from opportunistic infectious enterocolitis is discussed.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2773353PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.14.6584DOI Listing
November 2008

Anti-adult T-cell leukemia effects of a novel synthetic retinoid, Am80 (Tamibarotene).

Cancer Sci 2008 Nov 1;99(11):2286-94. Epub 2008 Sep 1.

Division of Molecular Virology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan.

Clinical trials for treatment of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) using all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) have shown satisfactory therapeutic responses, although efficacies were limited. Recently, many synthetic retinoids have been developed and among them, a novel synthetic retinoid, Am80 (Tamibarotene) is an RARalpha- and RARbeta-specific retinoid expected to overcome ATRA resistance. The present study examined the inhibitory effects of Am80 on HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines and ATL cells. Am80 had negligible growth inhibition of peripheral blood mononuclear cells but marked growth inhibition of both HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines and ATL cells. Am80 arrested cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and induced apoptosis in HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines. It inhibited also the phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and NF-kappaB-DNA binding, in conjunction with reduction of expression of proteins involved in the G1/S cell cycle transition and apoptosis. Am80 also inhibited the expression of JunD, resulting in suppression of AP-1-DNA binding. Furthermore, severe combined immunodeficient mice with tumors induced by subcutaneous inoculation of HTLV-I-infected T cells, responded to Am80 treatment with partial regression of tumors and no side-effects. These findings demonstrate that Am80 is a potential inhibitor of NF-kappaB and AP-1, and is a potentially useful therapeutic agent against ATL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1349-7006.2008.00917.xDOI Listing
November 2008

Ras-mediated up-regulation of survivin expression in cytokine-dependent murine pro-B lymphocytic cells.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2008 Sep;216(1):25-34

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of the Ryukyus, School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, has been widely studied because of its aberrant expression in human cancer. Survivin has multiple functions, including cell-cycle regulation at mitosis, inhibition of apoptosis and caspase-independent cytoprotection. Clinical studies have shown that survivin is associated with resistance to treatment and its expression is linked to poor prognosis. Recent studies indicated that Ras pathways up-regulate survivin expression in hematopoietic cells. Here we analyzed downstream pathways of Ras in interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent Baf-3 murine-derived pro-B lymphocytic cells that express constitutively active Ras mutants, using signaling pathway-specific inhibitors. Both mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3-K) pathways are involved in the induction of survivin. Downstream of PI3-K, the signaling pathway is composed of two kinases, Akt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways. In the downstream targets of PI3-K, mTOR but not Akt is responsible for survivin expression. Using a counterflow centrifugal elutriator, we observed G2/M phase-dominant survivin expression in Baf-3 cells. Interestingly, constitutively active Ras mutants also induced survivin in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Reporter assays of the survivin gene promoter revealed a transcriptional regulatory cis-acting region that is responsible for Ras signaling, indicating that Ras increases the transcription of the survivin gene through specific enhancer elements. These data illustrate the pathways regulating survivin expression by Ras. Ras activates the MAPK, PI3-K and mTOR pathways, and these signals enhance survivin transcription. Our data will provide the new information about mechanisms of survivin expression by Ras-signalling pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.216.25DOI Listing
September 2008

[A Japanese case of human herpes virus-8-associated multicentric castleman disease complicated by hemophagocytic syndrome].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2008 Aug;35(8):1431-4

Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine.

We report a Japanese case of human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8)-associated multicentric Castleman disease(MCD) complicated by hemophagocytic syndrome(HPS). A 60-year-old man presented with persistent fever and progressive pancytopenia in June 2004. On physical examination, anemia, icterus, hepatosplenomegaly, and generalized lymphadenopathy were detected. Laboratory findings showed elevated levels of serum ferritin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody was negative. Bone marrow aspiration revealed a normocellular marrow with an increased number of hemophagocytic histiocytes. Biopsy of cervical lymph node disclosed pathological features compatible with the plasmablastic variant of Castleman disease. HHV-8 DNA was detected in the specimen from lymph node by polymerase chain reaction. Thus, the diagnosis of HHV-8-associated MCD complicated by HPS was made. The patient was treated with immunotherapy and subsequent chemotherapy. However, he died of bacterial sepsis after one-month therapy. This case report provides some evidence that HHV-8 may be a causative agent of MCD even in HIV-seronegative Japanese patients.
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August 2008

[Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix--a case report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2008 Aug;35(8):1423-5

Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine.

Primary malignant lymphoma of the female genital tract is an extremely rare clinical entity. We report a case of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the uterine cervix. A 68-year-old woman presented with abnormal genital bleeding in May 2002. A coloposcopic examination revealed a mass in the uterine cervix. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a bulky cervical tumor(7.5 x 8 cm)invading the right parametrium and adjacent levator ani muscle. Involvement of pelvic lymph nodes was also observed. The uterine lesion exhibited homogenous hypointensity on T1 weight image and isointense to hyperintense on T2-weight image. No other lesions were detected by the whole-body computed tomography, gallium scintigraphy, and bone marrow examination. Although cytology of the smear from the uterine cervix was nondiagnostic, the histologic examination of the punch biopsy material showed a diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphoid cells. Immunophenotypic studies revealed tumor cells were positive for CD19, CD20, CD30, and k-chain. A diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix, clinical stage IIE was made. The patient was treated with 6 cycles of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone(CHOP)chemotherapy followed by the involved field irradiation. She remains alive and free of disease more than 5 years after the diagnosis.
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August 2008

Mutations in the beta1 adrenergic receptor gene and massive obesity in Japanese.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2008 May 17;80(2):213-7. Epub 2008 Mar 17.

The First Department of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimi-idera, Wakayama 641-8509, Japan.

Catecholamines strongly promote lipolysis and thermogenesis, and play a central role in the regulation of body fat content. The beta1 adrenergic receptor (BAR-1) is a major mediator of catecholamine-induced lipolysis and thermogenesis. To explore whether mutations in the BAR-1 gene contribute to morbid obesity in Japanese, we scanned for mutations in the coding sequence of the gene in 50 morbid obese [body mass index (BMI)>==35.0kg/m(2); 99.7th percentile] Japanese subjects. Direct DNA sequencing was performed following polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Two common polymorphisms, Gly49Arg and Arg389Ser, were detected in these subjects. The frequencies of these polymorphisms, as determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, showed no significant difference between 180 severely obese subjects (BMI>==30.0kg/m(2); 97th percentile) and 132 control (BMI<25.0kg/m(2)) subjects. This study represents the first investigations of genetic variations of BAR-1 in relationship to morbid obesity and suggests mutations in the BAR-1 coding sequence is not likely a major cause of morbid obesity at least in Japanese.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2007.09.025DOI Listing
May 2008

Association of an A/C single nucleotide polymorphism in programmed cell death-ligand 1 gene with Graves' disease in Japanese patients.

Eur J Endocrinol 2008 Jun 5;158(6):817-22. Epub 2008 Mar 5.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Uehara 207, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Objective: Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligands (PD-L1 and PD-L2) inhibit T-cell proliferation and activation. This inhibition down-regulates the immune responses. The association of a PD-L1 polymorphism with Graves' disease (GD) was studied.

Design: The association of an A/C polymorphism at position 8923 in PD-L1 intron 4 with GD was studied.

Patients: The study included 327 GD patients and 192 controls, of which 252 GD patients were followed over 5-10 years.

Measurements: PD-L1 intron 4 position 8923 A/C polymorphism was typed using the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method.

Results: The A/C genotype frequencies were significantly different between GD patients and controls. The A/C and C/C frequencies were higher in GD patients than in controls. The A/A frequencies were lower in GD patients than in controls. C-allele frequency was higher in GD patients than in controls. A total of 252 GD patients were followed over 5-10 years; 200 had discontinued antithyroid drugs (ATD) while 52 continued to take ATD. Of these 200, 176 continued to be in remission and 24 had relapsed into hyperthyroidism. Significant differences in the duration of positive TBII, positive thyroid-stimulating antibodies, and ATD treatment were noted between the patients in remission and those that had relapsed. Significant differences in the A- and C-allele frequencies were noted between the two. The C-allele frequency was higher in GD patients who did not achieve remission than in those who achieved remission.

Conclusion: An A/C polymorphism at position 8923 in PD-L1 is associated with GD. The PD-L1 polymorphism plays a role in GD development. GD patients with the C allele at position 8923 in PD-L1 gene had difficulty in achieving remission.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-07-0649DOI Listing
June 2008

Hashimoto's thyroiditis: TGAb, TPOAb, TRAb and recovery from hypothyroidism.

Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2008 Mar;4(2):221-37

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of the Ryukyus, Uehara 207, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Hashimoto described four patients with goiter. The histology of the goiter was characterized by diffuse lymphocytic infiltration, fibrosis and epithelial cell destruction. Thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) have been used to diagnose Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Patients with positive TGAb and/or TPOAb have been assumed to have Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Approximately 10% of those with positive TGAb and/or TPOAb have hypothyroidism. There are two types of autoimmune thyroiditis: goitrous Hashimoto's thyroiditis and atrophic thyroiditis. The latter patients have blocking antibody (thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH]-stimulation blocking antibody [TSBAb]). TSBAb is a TSH-receptor antibody (TRAb). TSBAb causes thyroid atrophy and hypothyroidism. TGAb and/or TPOAb do not necessarily cause hypothyroidism. Hypothyroid patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis usually receive life-long l-thyroxine therapy. However, spontaneous recovery from hypothyroidism has been reported. Patients who had Hashimoto's hypothyroidism and then Graves' hyperthyroidism (and vice versa), have also been reported. Hashimoto's hypothyroidism and Graves' hyperthyroidism could be the opposite spectrums of one disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/1744666X.4.2.221DOI Listing
March 2008

[Primary pulmonary Hodgkin lymphoma--two case reports and a review of the literature].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2007 Dec;34(13):2279-82

Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine.

Primary extranodal involvement of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is rare. We report two HL patients presenting with exclusive or predominant lung involvement. In both cases, the results of transbronchial and/or CT-guided lung needle biopsy were indicative of granulomatous disease. Eventually, lymph node biopsy specimens revealed HL with nodular sclerosis type and lymphocyte-rich type, respectively. There were no specific symptoms, laboratory and imaging findings for pulmonary HL. A histological examination was required to confirm the diagnosis. Lung biopsy techniques such as transbronchial or percutaneous biopsy may be insufficient to allow diagnosis of HL. Pulmonary HL should be included in the differential diagnosis of lung involvement, even when the pathological evaluation of nonspecific inflammation was made from the biopsied specimens.
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December 2007

Influence of motorization and supermarket-proliferation on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the inhabitants of a small town on Okinawa, Japan.

Intern Med 2007 3;46(23):1899-904. Epub 2007 Dec 3.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of the Ryukyus.

Background: Motorization and supermarket-proliferation affect lifestyles. About 15 years ago, Okinawans went to several shops on foot, but now they go to supermarkets by car. The influences of these changes on the prevalence of diabetes are uncertain. OBJECTIVE AND MEASUREMENTS: The influence of motorization and supermarket-proliferation on the prevalence of diabetes was studied in the inhabitants of a town on Okinawa, Japan. Measurements were composed of anthropometry and blood chemistry. Participants were asked where they buy food and daily necessities (several shops or a supermarket) and how they get there (by car or on foot).

Design: Serial cross-sectional.

Participants: Inhabitants of the island of Okinawa were studied.

Results: In 1991, 24% went to several shops and 20% to a supermarket. However, in 2004, only 3.1% went to several shops and 83% to a supermarket. In 1991, 55% went to shopping places on foot and 38% by car. However, in 2004, only 14% went on foot and 76% by car. The prevalence of diabetes in Okinawa increased from 4.7% in 1991 to 8.4% in 2004. The prevalence of diabetes correlated positively with the percent of inhabitants going to supermarkets, and those going there by car. In 1991, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes was 4.7% in men and 4.6% in women; no difference was noted between men and women. In 2004, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increased to 9.2% in men and to 7.5% in women. The increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes from 1991 to 2004 was higher in men than in women.

Conclusions: About 15 years ago, Okinawans went to shops on foot, but now they go to supermarkets by car. The prevalence of diabetes is increasing. Motorization and supermarket-proliferation are associated with the increases of the prevalence of diabetes. The increase in diabetes prevalence was higher in men than in women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.46.0387DOI Listing
January 2008

Sinonasal zygomycosis in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome following non-myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

Intern Med 2007 16;46(22):1881-2. Epub 2007 Nov 16.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.46.0069DOI Listing
December 2007

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma with multiple integration of HTLV-1 provirus presenting as an isolated paranasal sinus tumor: a case report.

Head Neck 2008 Jun;30(6):815-20

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

Background: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a highly aggressive T-cell lymphoma and etiologically associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). Patients with ATLL commonly present with leukemic changes, systemic lymphadenopathy, and/or extranodal lesion and have very poor prognosis.

Methods And Results: We describe a rare case of ATLL presenting as an isolated paranasal mass. Southern blot analysis of the biopsied specimens demonstrated multiple integration bands of HTLV-1 provirus of different intensities. Chemotherapy resulted in complete resolution of the paranasal mass. Thereafter, the patient showed an indolent clinical course with leukemic changes and pulmonary and cutaneous ATLL lesions and remains alive more than 5 years from diagnosis.

Conclusion: ATLL should be included in the differential diagnosis of sinonasal lymphoma, although the event is rare. Multiple HTLV-1 provirus integrations of different intensities may be indicative of good prognosis for ATLL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.20730DOI Listing
June 2008

False-positive 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan in a patient with angiomyolipoma; positive MIBG scan does not necessarily indicate the presence of pheochromocytoma.

Intern Med 2007 15;46(20):1717-21. Epub 2007 Oct 15.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa.

123I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG)-accumulation in angiomyolipoma (AML) is demonstrated. A 24-year-old Japanese woman presented with tumors in the right retroperitoneal space. The tumors, which accumulated 123I-MIBG, had been thought to be adrenal pheochromocytoma before surgery. They were removed, and were found to be AML. 123I-MIBG was accumulated in AML. 123I-MIBG-accumulation in AML led to a false-positive diagnosis of adrenal pheochromocytoma. Catecholamine levels had been normal. No chromaffin cells were found in the histological examination of the tumors. MIBG accumulation does not necessarily indicate the presence of pheochromocytoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.46.0232DOI Listing
November 2007

Effects of dietary composition on postprandial endothelial function and adiponectin concentrations in healthy humans: a crossover controlled study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2007 Oct;86(4):923-8

Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan.

Background: Abnormalities during the postprandial state contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Reportedly, postprandial hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hyperlipacidemia independently cause postprandial cytokine activation. However, it is not clear which dietary composition preferentially affects postprandial endothelial function in healthy subjects.

Objective: We aimed to examine the associations of dietary composition and postprandial endothelial function in healthy subjects.

Design: The effects of a single ingestion of a high-carbohydrate meal (300 kcal, 100% carbohydrate), a high-fat meal (30 g fat/m(2), 35% fat), or a standard test meal (478 kcal; 16.4% protein, 32.7% fat, 50.4% carbohydrate) on postprandial plasma concentrations of adiponectin and forearm blood flow (FBF) during reactive hyperemia were studied in healthy subjects.

Results: The peak FBF response and the total reactive hyperemic flow (flow debt repayment; FDR), indexes of resistance artery endothelial function, were unchanged after ingestion of a high-carbohydrate and standard test meal but decreased 120 and 240 min after a high-fat meal. After a high-fat meal, decreases in peak FBF and FDR were well correlated with an increase in plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations but not with the other biochemical variables, including triacylglycerol, insulin, glucose, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and adiponectin.

Conclusions: Postprandial endothelial function was impaired only after the high-fat diet and not after the high-carbohydrate or standard test meal in healthy subjects. Because such endothelial dysfunction after a high-fat meal was closely correlated with FFA concentrations, postprandial state could be hazardous, mostly through acute hyperlipacidemia in healthy subjects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/86.4.923DOI Listing
October 2007

A novel natural compound, a cycloanthranilylproline derivative (Fuligocandin B), sensitizes leukemia cells to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) through 15-deoxy-Delta 12, 14 prostaglandin J2 production.

Blood 2007 Sep 5;110(5):1664-74. Epub 2007 Jun 5.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in many transformed cells; however, not all human tumors respond to TRAIL, potentially limiting its therapeutic utility. Although there is substantial evidence that cytotoxic drugs can augment sensitivity to TRAIL, it has become important to know what kinds of nontoxic drugs can be used together with TRAIL. We thus screened several natural compounds that can overcome resistance to TRAIL and found that a cycloanthranilylproline derivative, Fuligocandin B (FCB), an extract of myxomycete Fuligo candida, exhibited significant synergism with TRAIL. Treatment of the TRAIL-resistant cell line KOB with FCB and TRAIL resulted in apparent apoptosis, which was not induced by either agent alone. FCB increased the production of 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14) prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), an endogenous PPAR gamma ligand, through activation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). This unique mechanism highlighted the fact that 15d-PGJ(2) directly enhanced sensitivity to TRAIL by inhibiting multiple antiapoptotic factors. More importantly, similar effects were observed in other leukemia cell lines irrespective of their origin. The enhancement was observed regardless of PPAR gamma expression and was not blocked even by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) siRNA. These results indicate that 15d-PGJ(2) sensitizes TRAIL-resistant cells to TRAIL in a PPAR gamma-independent manner and that the use of 15d-PGJ(2) or its inducers, such as FCB, is a new strategy for cancer therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2007-01-068981DOI Listing
September 2007

Primary adrenal adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature.

Am J Hematol 2007 Aug;82(8):748-52

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is very rare; the majority of cases reported previously were of B-cell origin. We report a rare case of primary adrenal adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (primary adrenal ATLL). ATLL is a highly aggressive T-cell type non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and etiologically associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1). Most ATLL patients present with leukemia and widespread lymphadenopathy. A 37-year-old Japanese woman presented with back pain in January 2004. Examination showed no peripheral lymphadenopathy, circulating lymphoma cells, hepatosplenomegaly, and skin lesions. Imaging studies demonstrated large adrenal masses bilaterally. Subsequently, she underwent open adrenal biopsy and pathological diagnosis was confirmed as T-cell lymphoma. The serum antibody to HTLV-1 was positive. Southern blot analysis detected monoclonal integration of proviral DNA of HTLV-1 into host genome in the biopsy specimen. The diagnosis of ATLL arising in adrenal glands was established. Despite repeated systemic chemotherapy, the patient died of progressive disease in December 2004. ATLL could primarily involve the adrenal gland and this disease entity should be included in the differential diagnosis of adrenal mass lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.20856DOI Listing
August 2007

Establishment of a human herpes virus-8-negative malignant effusion lymphoma cell line (STR-428) carrying concurrent translocations of BCL2 and c-MYC genes.

Leuk Res 2007 Sep 21;31(9):1285-92. Epub 2007 Mar 21.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

A new cell line, STR-428 was established from ascites tumor cells of a malignant effusion lymphoma patient without human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) infection. STR-428 cells showed an immunophenotype of mature B-cells and produced few cytokines related to lymphomatous effusion. Karyotypic and genetic analysis revealed complex translocations including t(14;18)(q32;q21) effecting IgH/BCL2 and der(8)t(3;8)(q27;q24) involving c-MYC. STR-428 represents a unique, B-cell lymphoma cell line carrying concurrent rearrangement of BCL2 and c-MYC genes with features distinct from those of HHV-8-related primary effusion lymphoma. This cell line may be a valuable tool, other than HHV-8, to investigate the pathogenesis of primary lymphomatous effusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2006.12.023DOI Listing
September 2007

[Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma/tumor--a case report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2007 Mar;34(3):469-71

Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of The Ryukyus School of Medicine.

We report an extremely rare case of interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma/tumor (IDCS). A 52-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of fever in January 2002. Physical examination revealed enlarged, painless right axillary lymph nodes, and hepatosplenomegaly. Whole-body computerized tomography showed enlarged lymph nodes in mediastinal, right axillary, abdominal para-aortic, ileum, and inguinal regions. Hepatosplenomegaly was also detected. In addition to abnormal liver function tests, serum levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor and ferritin were elevated. Excisional biopsy of right axillary lymph node was performed in February 2002. Histological examination showed a diffuse proliferation of medium-to large-sized cells with round or oval nuclei and abundant cytoplasm. Spindle shape cells and Hodgkin-like giant cells were also seen. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed S-100 protein, CD 68, and CD 45 RO. They were negative for CD 1, CD 3, CD 15, CD 20, CD 21, CD 23, FDC, DRC, and p80. These findings were compatible with the diagnosis of IDCS. The patient was treated with polychemotherapy consisting of doxorubicin,cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone. However, he developed fungal pneumonia and died of respiratory failure 1 month after the start of treatment.
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March 2007

Air-leak syndrome associated with bronchiolitis obliterans after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

Int J Hematol 2007 Feb;85(2):95-6

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/IJH97.06184DOI Listing
February 2007
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