Publications by authors named "Nishah Panchani"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Liver stiffness and prediction of cardiac outcomes in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.

Clin Transplant 2021 Nov 24:e14545. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Background: In acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), noninvasive markers that predict morbidity and mortality are limited. Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) increases with hepatic fibrosis; however it may be falsely elevated in patients with ADHF in the absence of liver disease. We investigated whether elevated LSM predicts cardiac outcomes in ADHF.

Methods: In a prospective study, we examined 52 ADHF patients without liver disease between 2016 and 2017. Patients underwent liver 2D shear wave elastography (SWE) and were followed for 12 months to assess the outcomes of left ventricular assist device (LVAD), heart transplant (HT) or death.

Results: The median LSM was elevated in patients who received an LVAD or HT within 30-days compared to those who did not (median [IQR]: 55.6 [22.5 - 63.4] vs 13.8 [9.5 - 40.3] kPa, p = 0.049). Moreover, the risk of composite outcome was highest in the 3rd tertile (>39.8 kPa compared to 1 and 2 combined, HR 2.83, 95% CI 1.20- 6.67, p = 0.02). Each 1-kPa increase in LSM was associated with a 1%-increase in the incidence rate of readmissions (IRR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.02, p = 0.01).

Conclusions: LSM may serve as a novel noninvasive tool to determine LVAD, HT or death in patients with ADHF. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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November 2021

Inflammation increases the development of depression behaviors in male rats after spinal cord injury.

Brain Behav Immun Health 2021 Jul 19;14:100258. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, Medical Research and Education Building, Ste. 1005 8447 Riverside Pkwy, Bryan, TX, 77807, United States.

Following spinal cord injury, 18-26% of patients are diagnosed with depressive disorders, compared to 8-12% in the general population. As increased inflammation strongly correlates with depression in both animal and human studies, we hypothesized that the immune activation inherent to SCI could increase depression-like behavior. Thus, we proposed that reducing immune activation with minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, would decrease depression-like behavior following injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given minocycline in their drinking water for 14 days following a moderate, mid-thoracic (T12) spinal contusion. An array of depression-like behaviors (social activity, sucrose preference, forced swim, open field activity) were examined prior to injury as well as on days 9-10, 19-20, and 29-30 post-injury. Peripheral cytokine levels were analyzed in serum collected prior to injury and 10 days post-injury. Hierarchical cluster analysis divided subjects into two groups based on behavior: depressed and not-depressed. Depressed subjects displayed lower levels of open field activity and social interaction relative to their not-depressed counterparts. Depressed subjects also showed significantly greater expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines both before and after injury and displayed lower levels of hippocampal neurogenesis than not-depressed subjects. Intriguingly, subjects who later showed depressive behaviors had higher baseline levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6, which persisted throughout the duration of the experiment. Minocycline, however, did not affect serum cytokine levels and did not block the development of depression; equal numbers of minocycline versus vehicle-treated subjects appeared in both phenotypic groups. Despite this, these data overall suggest that molecular correlates of inflammation prior to injury could predict the development of depression after a physical stressor.
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July 2021

EGFR inhibition triggers an adaptive response by co-opting antiviral signaling pathways in lung cancer.

Nat Cancer 2020 Apr 6;1(4):394-409. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas TX 75390.

EGFR inhibition is an effective treatment in the minority of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases harboring EGFR-activating mutations, but not in EGFR wild type (EGFRwt) tumors. Here, we demonstrate that EGFR inhibition triggers an antiviral defense pathway in NSCLC. Inhibiting mutant EGFR triggers Type I IFN-I upregulation via a RIG-I-TBK1-IRF3 pathway. The ubiquitin ligase TRIM32 associates with TBK1 upon EGFR inhibition, and is required for K63-linked ubiquitination and TBK1 activation. Inhibiting EGFRwt upregulates interferons via an NF-κB-dependent pathway. Inhibition of IFN signaling enhances EGFR-TKI sensitivity in EGFR mutant NSCLC and renders EGFRwt/KRAS mutant NSCLC sensitive to EGFR inhibition in xenograft and immunocompetent mouse models. Furthermore, NSCLC tumors with decreased IFN-I expression are more responsive to EGFR TKI treatment. We propose that IFN-I signaling is a major determinant of EGFR-TKI sensitivity in NSCLC and that a combination of EGFR TKI plus IFN-neutralizing antibody could be useful in most NSCLC patients.
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April 2020

Efficacy of EGFR plus TNF inhibition in a preclinical model of temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma.

Neuro Oncol 2019 12;21(12):1529-1539

Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, Division of Hematology-Oncology, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant adult brain tumor. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the standard of care and is most effective in GBMs that lack the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Moreover, even initially responsive tumors develop a secondary resistance to TMZ and become untreatable. Since aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is widespread in GBM, EGFR inhibition has been tried in multiple clinical trials without success. We recently reported that inhibiting EGFR leads to increased secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and activation of a survival pathway in GBM. Here, we compare the efficacy of TMZ versus EGFR plus TNF inhibition in an orthotopic mouse model of GBM.

Methods: We use an orthotopic model to examine the efficacy of TMZ versus EGFR plus TNF inhibition in multiple subsets of GBMs, including MGMT methylated and unmethylated primary GBMs, recurrent GBMs, and GBMs rendered experimentally resistant to TMZ.

Results: The efficacy of the 2 treatments was similar in MGMT methylated GBMs. However, in MGMT unmethylated GBMs, a combination of EGFR plus TNF inhibition was more effective. We demonstrate that the 2 treatment approaches target distinct and non-overlapping pathways. Thus, importantly, EGFR plus TNF inhibition remains effective in TMZ-resistant recurrent GBMs and in GBMs rendered experimentally resistant to TMZ.

Conclusion: EGFR inhibition combined with a blunting of the accompanying TNF-driven adaptive response could be a viable therapeutic approach in MGMT unmethylated and recurrent EGFR-expressing GBMs.
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December 2019