Publications by authors named "Nikolay M Ershov"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Platelet function and blood coagulation system status in childhood essential thrombocythemia.

Platelets 2020 Nov 19;31(8):1001-1011. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Oncology and Immunology, Federal Research and Clinical Centre of Pediatric Hematology , Moscow, Russian Federation, Russia.

Childhood essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a rare chronic myeloproliferative disorder. The quality of life of ET patients may decrease as a result of ischemic and hemorrhagic complications of unclear origin. Our goal was to characterize the hemostatic system in children with ET. We genotyped and investigated blood samples from 20 children with ET in a prospective case series study using platelet aggregation, functional flow cytometry (FC) assay and standard clotting assays. Three children had a mutation, 4 had mutations in and 13 were triple-negative. Myelofibrosis in stage 1-2 was detected in 3 children. Three patients had bleeding episodes and seven had ischemic events. Aggregation in response to collagen, adenosine diphosphate, and ristomycin was decreased in all patients. In FC, significant changes in the whole patient group compared to the healthy children control group were decrease in the resting forward scatter and PAC1 binding (activated GPIIb/IIIa) level. For the activated platelets, dense granules release (by mepacrine), PAC1, and GPIIb/IIIa levels were significantly decreased. GPIb/V/IX, -selectin, and phosphatidylserine levels manifested only moderate differences. Forward and side scatter changes in response to stimulation (representing shape change) and dense granules release were significantly lower in the 3 patients with bleeding than in the 17 patients without hemorrhage. Activated partial thromboplastin time was slightly prolonged, prothrombin index was slightly shortened and thrombin time was normal, while fibrinogen was mildly decreased in the ET patients. It could be concluded that the observed platelet function defects could be related to bleeding in ET, and be potentially used as a marker.
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November 2020

Bleeding tendency and platelet function during treatment with romiplostim in children with severe immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

Int J Hematol 2017 Jun 7;105(6):841-848. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

National Scientific and Practical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, 117198, Moscow, Russia.

It has been suggested that platelet function in chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may be abnormal. Thrombopoietin mimetics used for treatment can affect it, but the data remain limited. We investigated platelet function of 20 children diagnosed with severe ITP (aged 1-16 years, 12 females and eight males). Platelet functional activity in whole blood was characterized by flow cytometry before and after stimulation with SFLLRN plus collagen-related peptide. Levels of CD42b, PAC1, and CD62P, but not CD61 or annexin V, were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in resting platelets of patients before treatment compared with healthy donors. On average, PAC1 and CD62P in patients after activation were also significantly elevated, although some patients failed to activate integrins. Romiplostim (1-15 μg/kg/week s.c.) was prescribed to seven patients, with clinical improvement in six. Interestingly, one patient had clinical improvement without platelet count increase. Eltrombopag (25-75 mg/day p.o.) was given to four patients, with positive response in one. Others switched to romiplostim, with one stable positive response, one unstable positive response, and one non-responding. Platelet quality improved with romiplostim treatment, and their parameters approached the normal values. Our results suggest that platelets in children with severe ITP are pre-activated and abnormal, but improve with treatment.
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June 2017