Publications by authors named "Nikolaos P Sachinis"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Modified Graft Loop Technique Augmented With Nonabsorbable Suture Tape for Chronic Elbow Dislocation.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of First Orthopaedic, Georgios Papanikolaou Hospital, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki.

The task of achieving a good clinical outcome on patients with chronic elbow dislocation is arduous. Any stabilization method used should be robust enough in order to allow for early elbow motion. Immobilization of the elbow for a prolonged time period may lead to stiffness and heterotopic ossification. Several methods of ligament reconstruction have tried to address the global instability that is present in such scenarios. We describe a technique of reconstructing both bands of the medial ligament, and the lateral ulnar collateral ligament of the elbow, by using a looped tendon graft and reinforcing the lateral side with nonabsorbable tape and anchors. The graft is passed as a loop once through the humerus and ulna, recreating the anterior portion of the medial collateral ligament and the lateral ulnar collateral ligament. Then the lateral side is augmented with the tape and anchors and the loop is fixed. Lastly, the medial tail of the graft is used in order to recreate the posterior part of the medial ligament. This technique uses a single graft along with nonabsorbable tape and anchors to make a robust construct that will withstand early range of motion, without jeopardizing elbow stability. Potential complications include damage to the ulnar nerve, infection, elbow stiffness, or persistent instability in complex cases with bone involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BTH.0000000000000385DOI Listing
April 2022

Axillary Artery Injury and By-Pass Restoration After Open Reduction of a Chronic Shoulder Dislocation: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 Mar 29;14(3):e23594. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GRC.

Injury of the axillary artery after open reduction of a chronic shoulder dislocation is a rare and life-threatening condition. We present a case of an elderly woman suffering from a chronic shoulder dislocation which was addressed initially with close reduction and secondarily, after re-dislocation, with open reduction. Intraoperatively axillary artery rupture was established. By-pass restoration with a saphenous vein graft successfully managed the complication. The humeral head was immobilized in the glenoid with temporary K-wires. A CT-angiography was performed on the first and second days postoperatively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.23594DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9053552PMC
March 2022

Odyssey of an elbow synovial chondromatosis.

Orthopedics 2015 Jan;38(1):e62-7

Synovial chondromatosis of the elbow is an uncommon condition. However, a chondrosarcoma arising from the former is remarkably rare. The authors report a case of an elbow chondrosarcoma secondary to synovial chondromatosis in a 38-year-old woman. Before the development of chondrosarcoma, the patient underwent 3 operations and 3 sessions of radiosynovectomy because of continuous recurrence of synovial chondromatosis on the left elbow. After the last radiosynovectomy, magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy showed a grade II chondrosarcoma secondary to synovial chondromatosis. The patient underwent further surgery and custom-made arthroplasty because of aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. Four months after the last intervention, 3 subcutaneous nodes appeared on the patient's elbow and were histologically found to be a recurrence of chondrosarcoma (grade III). Amputation by disarticulation of the shoulder was performed in addition to biopsy of another subcutaneous node on the abdomen. The biopsy showed metastasis of chondrosarcoma. At final follow-up, the patient had lung metastasis 7 years after the initial diagnosis. A reason for the manifestation of primary synovial chondromatosis and its progression to chondrosarcoma has not been found. Synovial chondromatosis progressing to chondrosarcoma in the elbow was reported in only 1 case, with no clear initial diagnosis. The role of radiosynovectomy in the development of chondrosarcoma is unknown, and no reports have described the treatment of elbow synovial chondromatosis. Although synovial chondromatosis is benign, its metaplastic nature is a marker of possible malignancy, especially with signs of recurrence and aggression. The role of radiosynovectomy in malignant changes should be examined in future studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20150105-91DOI Listing
January 2015
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