Publications by authors named "Nikita Hanning"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Intestinal barrier dysfunction in irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2021 24;14:1756284821993586. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Medicine and Physiology, Enteric NeuroScience Program, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Background And Aim: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder. Sensory, motor and barrier dysfunctions are the key physiological endophenotypes of IBS. Our aim is to review studies evaluating barrier dysfunction in adults and children with IBS, as well as to link those changes with IBS symptomatology and quality of life.

Methods: A comprehensive and systematic review of multiple databases was performed up to March 2020 to identify studies comparing intestinal permeability in IBS patients with healthy controls. Both and studies were considered.

Results: We identified 66 studies, of which 27 used intestinal probes to quantify barrier function. The prevalence of barrier dysfunction differed between PI-IBS (17-50%), IBS-D (37-62%) and IBS-C (4-25%). At a group level, permeability was increased compared with healthy controls in IBS-D (9/13 studies) and PI-IBS (4/4 studies), but only a minority of IBS-C (2/7 studies) and not in the only IBS-M study. All four studies in children with IBS demonstrated loss of barrier function. A heterogeneous set of tight junction genes were found to be altered in small and large intestines of adults with IBS, but these have not been evaluated in children. Positive associations were identified between barrier dysfunction and bowel disturbances (6/9 studies), abdominal pain (9/13 studies), overall symptom severity (1/6 studies), depression and anxiety (1/1 study) and quality of life (1/4 studies). Fecal slurry or supernatants of IBS patients were found to induce barrier disruption in animal models (5/6 studies).

Conclusions: Barrier dysfunction is present in a significant proportion of adult and all pediatric IBS studies, especially in the IBS-D and PI-IBS subtype. The majority of studies indicated a positive association between loss of barrier function and symptoms such as abdominal pain and changes in the bowel function.
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February 2021

Effect of resolvins on sensitisation of TRPV1 and visceral hypersensitivity in IBS.

Gut 2020 Oct 6. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Center of Intestinal Neuro-Immune Interaction, Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Disorders (TARGID), Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism and Ageing, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Objective: Resolvins (RvD1, RvD2 and RvE1) are endogenous anti-inflammatory lipid mediators that display potent analgesic properties in somatic pain by modulating transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) activation. To what extent these molecules could also have a beneficial effect on TRPV1 sensitisation and visceral hypersensitivity (VHS), mechanisms involved in IBS, remains unknown.

Design: The effect of RvD1, RvD2 and RvE1 on TRPV1 activation and sensitisation by histamine or IBS supernatants was assessed on murine dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using live Ca imaging. Based on the results obtained in vitro, we further studied the effect of RvD2 in vivo using a murine model of post-infectious IBS and a rat model of post-inflammatory VHS. Finally, we also tested the effect of RvD2 on submucosal neurons in rectal biopsies of patients with IBS.

Results: RvD1, RvD2 and RvE1 prevented histamine-induced TRPV1 sensitisation in DRG neurons at doses devoid of an analgesic effect. Of note, RvD2 also reversed TRPV1 sensitisation by histamine and IBS supernatant. This effect was blocked by the G protein receptor 18 (GPR18) antagonist O-1918 (3-30 µM) and by pertussis toxin. In addition, RvD2 reduced the capsaicin-induced Ca response of rectal submucosal neurons of patients with IBS. Finally, treatment with RvD2 normalised pain responses to colorectal distention in both preclinical models of VHS.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that RvD2 and GPR18 agonists may represent interesting novel compounds to be further evaluated as treatment for IBS.
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October 2020

Newly developed serine protease inhibitors decrease visceral hypersensitivity in a post-inflammatory rat model for irritable bowel syndrome.

Br J Pharmacol 2018 09 23;175(17):3516-3533. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background And Purpose: Serine proteases have been re suggested as important mediators of visceral pain. We investigated their effect by using newly developed serine protease inhibitors with a well-characterized inhibitory profile in a rat model of post-inflammatory irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Experimental Approach: Colitis was induced in rats receiving intrarectal trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid; controls received 0.9% NaCl. Colonoscopies were performed on day 3, to confirm colitis, and later until mucosal healing. Visceral hypersensitivity was quantified by visceromotor responses (VMRs) to colorectal distension, 30 min after i.p. injection of the serine protease inhibitors nafamostat, UAMC-00050 or UAMC-01162. Serine proteases, protease-activated receptors (PARs) and TRP channels were quantified by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. Proteolytic activity was characterized using fluorogenic substrates.

Key Results: VMR was significantly elevated in post-colitis rats. Nafamostat normalized VMRs at the lowest dose tested. UAMC-00050 and UAMC-01162 significantly decreased VMR dose-dependently. Expression of mRNA for tryptase-αβ-1and PAR4, and tryptase immunoreactivity was significantly increased in the colon of post-colitis animals. Trypsin-like activity was also significantly increased in the colon but not in the faeces. PAR2 and TRPA1 immunoreactivity co-localized with CGRP-positive nerve fibres in control and post-colitis animals.

Conclusions And Implications: Increased expression of serine proteases and activity together with increased expression of downstream molecules at the colonic and DRG level and in CGRP-positive sensory nerve fibres imply a role for serine proteases in post-inflammatory visceral hypersensitivity. Our results support further investigation of serine protease inhibitors as an interesting treatment strategy for IBS-related visceral pain.
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September 2018

Visceral hypersensitivity in inflammatory bowel diseases and irritable bowel syndrome: The role of proteases.

World J Gastroenterol 2016 Dec;22(47):10275-10286

Hannah Ceuleers, Hanne Van Spaendonk, Nikita Hanning, Jelena Heirbaut, Joris G De Man, Benedicte Y De Winter, Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

Proteases, enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of peptide bonds, are present at high concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract. Besides their well-known role in the digestive process, they also function as signaling molecules through the activation of protease-activated receptors (PARs). Based on their chemical mechanism for catalysis, proteases can be classified into several classes: serine, cysteine, aspartic, metallo- and threonine proteases represent the mammalian protease families. In particular, the class of serine proteases will play a significant role in this review. In the last decades, proteases have been suggested to play a key role in the pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity, which is a major factor contributing to abdominal pain in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and/or irritable bowel syndrome. So far, only a few preclinical animal studies have investigated the effect of protease inhibitors specifically on visceral sensitivity while their effect on inflammation is described in more detail. In our accompanying review we describe their effect on gastrointestinal permeability. On account of their promising results in the field of visceral hypersensitivity, further research is warranted. The aim of this review is to give an overview on the concept of visceral hypersensitivity as well as on the physiological and pathophysiological functions of proteases herein.
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December 2016