Publications by authors named "Nika Bahari Javan"

7 Publications

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Improving the biological activity of fingolimod loaded PHBV nanoparticles by using hydrophobically modified alginate.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2020 Feb 6;46(2):318-328. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Uncontrolled distribution of nanoparticles (NPs) within the body can significantly decrease the efficiency of drug therapy and is considered among the main restrictions of NPs application. The aim of this study was to develop a depot combination delivery system (CDS) containing fingolimod loaded poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) NPs dispersed into a matrix of oleic acid-grafted-aminated alginate (OA-g-AAlg) to minimize the nonspecific biodistribution (BD) of PHBV NPs. OA-g-AAlg was synthesized in two step; First, Alg was aminated by using adipic dihydrazide (ADH). The degree of hyrazide group substitution of Alg was determined by trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS) assay. Second, OA was attached to AAlg through formation of an amide bond. Chemical structure of OA-g-AAlg was confirmed with FTIR and HNMR spectroscopy. Furthermore, rheological properties of OA-g-AAlg with different grafting ratios were evaluated. release studies indicated that 47% of fingolimod was released from the CDS within 28 days. Blood and tissue samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry following subcutaneous (SC) injection of fingolimod-CDS into Wistar rats. The elimination phase half-life of CDS-fingolimod was significantly higher than that of fingolimod (∼32 d vs. ∼20 h). To investigate the therapeutic efficacy, lymphocyte count was assessed over a 40 day period in Wistar rats. Peripheral blood lymphocyte count decreased from baseline by 27 ± 8% in 2 days after injection. Overall, the designed CDS represented promising results in improving the pharmacokinetic properties of fingolimod. Therefore, we believe that this sustained release formulation has a great potential to be applied to delivery of various therapeutics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03639045.2020.1721524DOI Listing
February 2020

Synthesis and characterization of a novel peptide-grafted Cs and evaluation of its nanoparticles for the oral delivery of insulin, in vitro, and in vivo study.

Int J Nanomedicine 2018 6;13:5127-5138. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

Background: Despite years of experience and rigorous research, injectable insulin is the sole trusted treatment method to control the blood glucose level in diabetes type 1 patients, but injection of insulin is painful and poses a lot of stress to the patients, especially children, therefore, development of a non-injectable formulation of insulin is a major breakthrough in the history of medicine and pharmaceutical sciences.

Methods: In this study, a novel peptide grafted derivative of chitosan (CPP-g- chitosan) is synthesized and its potential for oral delivery of proteins and peptides is evaluated. Drug-loaded nanoparticles were developed from this derivative using ionic gelation method with application of sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) as a cross-linking agent. Human insulin was used as the model protein drug and release kinetic was studied at gastrointestinal pH. Finally the developed nanoparticles were filled into very tiny enteric protective capsules and its effects on blood glucose level are evaluated in laboratory animals.

Results: Presence of the positively charged cell-penetrating peptide moiety in the structure of chitosan polymer had slight inhibitory effects on the release of insulin from the nanoparticles in simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2) comparing to native chitosan. The nanoparticles were positively charged in gastrointestinal pH with size ranging from 180 nm to 326 nm. The polypeptide grafted to chitosan is a novel analog of Penetratin, presenting both the hydrophilic and hydrophobic characteristics altering the release behavior of the nanoparticles and significantly increase the absorption of insulin into the rat epithelium comparing to nanoparticles from simple chitosan. In-vivo results in diabetic rat proved that this nanoparticulate system can significantly lower the blood glucose levels in diabetic rats and remain effective for a duration of 9-11 hours.

Conclusion: The results indicate that nanoparticles developed from this new peptide conjugated derivative of chitosan are very promising for oral delivery of proteins and peptides.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S161240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135219PMC
October 2018

In-vitro and in-vivo cytotoxicity and efficacy evaluation of novel glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine conjugates of chitosan and trimethyl chitosan nano-particles as carriers for oral insulin delivery.

Int J Pharm 2018 Jan 11;535(1-2):293-307. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Medical Biomaterial Research Center (MBRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Purpose: The aim of this research work was to explore the possibility of providing multifunctional oral insulin delivery system by conjugating several types of dipeptides on chitosan and trimethyl chitosan to be used as drug carriers.

Method: Conjugates of Glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine of chitosan and trimethyl chitosan (on primary alcohol group of polymer located on carbon 6) were synthesized and nanoparticles containing insulin were prepared for oral delivery. Preparation conditions of nanoparticles were optimized and their performance to enhance the permeability of insulin as well as cytotoxicity of nanoparticles in Caco-2 cell line was evaluated. To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered nanoparticles, nanoparticles with the most permeability enhancing ability were studied in male Wistar rats as animal model by measuring insulin and glucose Serum levels.

Result: Structural study of all the conjugates by infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance confirmed the successful formation of the conjugates with the desirable substitution degree. By optimizing preparation conditions, nanoparticles with expected size (157.3-197.7 nm), Zeta potential (24.35-34.37 mV), polydispersity index (0.365-0.512), entrapment efficiency (70.60-86.52%) and loading capacity (30.92-56.81%), proper morphology and desirable release pattern were obtained. Glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine conjugate nanoparticles of trimethyl chitosan showed 2.5-3.3 folds more effective insulin permeability in Caco-2 cell line than their chitosan counterparts. In animal model, oral administration of glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine conjugate nanoparticles of trimethyl chitosan demonstrated reasonable increase in Serum insulin level with relative bioavailability of 17.19% and 15.46% for glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine conjugate nanoparticles, respectively, and reduction in Serum glucose level compared with trimethyl chitosan nanoparticles (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: It seems that glycyl-glycine and alanyl-alanine conjugate nanoparticles of trimethyl chitosan have met the aim of this research work and have been able to orally deliver insulin with more than one mechanism in animal model. Hence, they are promising candidates for further research studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.11.020DOI Listing
January 2018

Prolonged injectable formulation of Nafarelin using in situ gel combination delivery system.

Pharm Dev Technol 2018 Feb 5;23(2):132-144. Epub 2017 May 5.

a Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy , Tehran University of Medical Science , Tehran , Iran.

The principal purpose of the present study was to prepare and characterize a complex drug delivery system consisting of Nafarelin-poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanoparticles (NPs) in combination with sodium alginate/poloxamer 407 in situ gel. Nafarelin-loaded PHBV NPs were prepared via double emulsion solvent evaporation technique. Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology was utilized to optimize NPs. Mean particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), and drug loading (DL) of the optimized NPs were measured. Incorporation of Nafarelin within NPs was proven by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The combination delivery system (CDS) was prepared by adding Nafarelin-loaded PHBV NPs to sodium alginate/poloxamer 407 solution followed by physical mixing. Morphological properties of Nafarelin-loaded PHBV NPs and CDS were evaluated by SEM. Rheological properties were employed to investigate the effects of alginate concentration on sol-gel transition temperature. The release profile of Nafarelin from both PHBV NPs and CDS were individually assessed. The cumulative release percentage from CDS was significantly lower than Nafarelin released from PHBV NPs. Based on the favorable results in this study, the CDS consisting of sodium alginate/poloxamer 407 loaded with PHBV NPs could be a promising candidate for designing a long-lasting formulation of Nafarelin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10837450.2017.1321662DOI Listing
February 2018

Preparation, characterization and in vivo evaluation of a combination delivery system based on hyaluronic acid/jeffamine hydrogel loaded with PHBV/PLGA blend nanoparticles for prolonged delivery of Teriparatide.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2017 Apr 13;101:167-181. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Medical Biomaterial Research Centre (MBRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

In the current study, biodegradable PHBV/PLGA blend nanoparticles (NPs) containing Teriparatide were loaded in hyaluronic acid/jeffamine (HA-JEF ED-600) hydrogel to prepare a combination delivery system (CDS) for prolonged delivery of Teriparatide. The principal purpose of the present study was to formulate an effective and prolonged Teriparatide delivery system in order to reduce the frequency of injection and thus enhance patient's compliance. Morphological properties, swelling behaviour, crosslinking efficiency and rheological characterization of HA-JEF ED-600 hydrogel were evaluated. The CDS was acquired by adding PHBV/PLGA NPs to HA-JEF ED-600 hydrogel simultaneously with crosslinking reaction. The percentage of NPs incorporation within the hydrogel as well as the loading capacity and morphology of Teriparatide loaded CDS were examined. Intrinsic fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy proved that Teriparatide remains stable after processing. The release profile represented 63% Teriparatide release from CDS within 50days with lower burst release compared to NPs and hydrogel. MTT assay was conducted by using NIH3T3 cell line and no sign of reduction in cell viability was observed. Based on Miller and Tainter method, LD of Teriparatide loaded CDS was 131.8mg/kg. In vivo studies demonstrated that Teriparatide loaded CDS could effectively increase serum calcium level after subcutaneous injection in mice. Favourable results in the current study introduced CDS as a promising candidate for controlled delivery of Teriparatide and pave the way for future investigations in the field of designing prolonged delivery systems for other peptides and proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2017.02.018DOI Listing
April 2017

Preparation, statistical optimisation and in vitro characterisation of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)/poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) blend nanoparticles for prolonged delivery of teriparatide.

J Microencapsul 2016 Aug 17;33(5):460-474. Epub 2016 Jul 17.

a Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

The purpose of this study was the preparation, optimisation and in vitro characterisation of PHBV and PLGA blend nanoparticles (NPs) for prolonged delivery of Teriparatide. Double emulsion solvent evaporation technique was employed for the fabrication of NPs. The nanoformulation was optimised using the Box-Behnken methodology. The morphological properties of NPs were assessed by both SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Encapsulation of Teriparatide within the NPs and lacking of chemical bonds between drug and copolymers were proved by XRPD, FTIR and DSC. The structural stability of Teriparatide after processing was confirmed by fluorescence spectrometry. The average size of optimised NPs was 250.0 nm with entrapment efficiency (EE) of 89.5% and drug loading (DL) of 5.0%. Teriparatide release from optimised NPs led to 64.4% release over 30 days and it showed a diffusion-based mechanism. Based on the favourable results, PHBV/PLGA blend NPs could be a promising candidate for designing a controlled release formulation of Teriparatide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02652048.2016.1208296DOI Listing
August 2016

Nanoparticulate fingolimod delivery system based on biodegradable poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV): design, optimization, characterization and in-vitro evaluation.

Pharm Dev Technol 2017 Nov 11;22(7):860-870. Epub 2015 Nov 11.

a Department of Pharmaceutics , Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

This study was focused on the fabrication, statistical optimization and in vitro characterization of poly (hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanoparticles loaded with fingolimod. PHBV-based fingolimod nanoparticles were prepared by single and double evaporation methods; the incorporation efficiency of fingolimod was higher with the single emulsion evaporation method in the nanosize range particles. Fingolimod HCL was neutralized with NaOH in order to slow down the release of the highly soluble fingolimod. The encapsulation efficiency of neutralized fingolimod was much higher (53-73%) due to the insoluble form of the drug used in encapsulation. It was found that the amount of fingolimod, concentration of PHBV and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) would influence the encapsulation efficiency significantly. The effect of these parameters on the Particle size, PdI, loading capacity and loading efficacy was studied. The optimum conditions were 1.32% PHBV, 0.42% PVA and 5 mg fingolimod. The average size of optimized nanoparticles which measured with the aid of the Box-Behnken experimental design was 250 nm and entrapment efficiency of 73(%). Drug-release from the nanospheres over a four-week period has shown a characteristic triphasic release pattern with an initial burst effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10837450.2015.1108982DOI Listing
November 2017
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