Publications by authors named "Nidhin Philip Jose"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Surgical management of garre's osteomyelitis in an 8-year-old child.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2021 Apr-Jun;18(2):111-113

Department of Orthodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Chronic non-suppurative osteomyelitis, also known as Garre's osteomyelitis is a well-described pathologic entity in dental literature. We present here a case report of a unilateral hard bony swelling of the lower jaw associated with infection. Radiograph revealed the pathognomic feature of 'onion skin' appearance. Surgical recontouring of the lower jaw was performed since there was no evidence of bone remodelling after removal of the infected tooth.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_66_20DOI Listing
March 2021

Tooth shade variation in Indian population: An objective guide to age estimation.

Heliyon 2021 Feb 5;7(2):e06164. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Periodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India.

Introduction: The color of the teeth is affected by chronological age due to the variations of the hard and soft tissue structure of the teeth. There are very few studies have assessed the shade of the Enamel and correlated it with the age changes. Hence the study aimed to assess the enamel shade with the aging in the individual.

Materials And Methods: The central incisors of 388 individuals (5-78 years) were assessed for tooth color using a VITA 3D master shade guide and the Hue, Value and Chroma were noted. Mean grey values of the teeth were obtained by image manipulation using Image J software and normalized using the values obtained from the 18% contrast grey card. Chi square tests and linear regression analysis is used to find associations with age and tooth shade variations.Results: The teeth had higher score of Hue, Value and Chroma in older individuals. The tooth shade tended to shift towards redder hue with older age group. Simple linear regression analysis showed a significant correlation of age with normalized grey value in association with the shade parameters. (r = 0.717, SEE = 12.322 years)Conclusion: Tooth color changes with age and the mean age in grey values and shade guides can be a useful tool for age estimation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7868604PMC
February 2021

Comparison of Contamination of Low-Frictional Elastomeric Rings with That of Conventional Elastomeric Rings by Streptococcus mutans - An In-vivo Study.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Apr 1;9(4):ZC26-9. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences , Mangalore, India .

Introduction: The presence of brackets and ligatures has been shown to be related to an increase in gingival inflammation and increased risk of decalcification. The various measures were taken to reduce the plaque accumulation and also lot of efforts were made by manufacturers that reduced the binding friction between the ligature rings and arch wire that facilitated easy sliding of the tooth through the wire. The low frictional ligatures rings manufactured by different manufacturers presumed to attract fewer bacteria due to greater reduction in surface roughness. Our study aimed to evaluate whether the low frictional elastomeric rings accumulate fewer bacteria than conventional ligature rings.

Materials And Methods: Thirty patients (15 males and 15 females) who underwent fixed appliance therapy were selected. The study was done using split-mouth design. In each volunteer, synergy low frictional elastomeric rings were tied to brackets bonded to the maxillary premolar on the right side and mandibular premolar on the left side. Conventional elastomeric rings that served as control group were tied to the contralateral teeth, with the same design. Samples were collected after four weeks (28 days) and cultured for bacteria Streptococcus mutans.

Results: There was no statistical difference between Streptococcus mutans count in low frictional elastomeric rings with that of conventional rings.

Conclusion: We concluded that adherence of Streptococcus mutans is similar in both synergy low frictional elastomeric rings and conventional clear elastomeric rings and thus the manufacturer's claim of minimal bacterial adherence was discarded.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/10081.5795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4437154PMC
April 2015

Versatile retraction mechanics: Implant assisted en-masse retraction with a boot loop.

Contemp Clin Dent 2015 Mar;6(Suppl 1):S41-4

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Unlabelled: The purpose of this paper is to explain the versatility offered by the use of arch wires with boot loops in retraction mechanics while taking direct anchorage from mini-screws.

Materials And Methods: The materials include the mini screws placed at the appropriate location and retraction arches made of 0.019 X 0.025 SS with boot loops placed distal to the lateral incisors. Mini screw provides a stable anchorage for enmasse retraction of the anterior teeth with the help of a boot loop using sliding and/or loop mechanics.

Results: The arch wires with boot loops have a definite advantage over the soldered/crimpable hooks because of the versatility it offers during the process of retraction.

Conclusion: An innovative approach combining the advantages of absolute anchorage using mini implants and a retraction arch with boot loop is presented here.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-237X.152936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4374317PMC
March 2015

Head Strap Double Fluid Level Device: An Innovative and User Friendly Design to Record Natural Head Position (NHP).

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Jan 1;9(1):ZH02-3. Epub 2015 Jan 1.

Professor and HOD, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences , Manipal University, Mangalore, India .

Head positions can be oriented in a standardized position when the patient stands upright and focusses his/her eyes into a point in infinity. This is the natural head position. This position offers the maximum reproducibility and correlates well with the clinical picture offered to the diagnostician. This article describes an innovative and user friendly method to record natural head position using the head strap double fluid level device, a design modified from the popular fluid level device by Showfety, Vig and Matteson.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/9357.5492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4347194PMC
January 2015

An Interdisciplinary Approach in Rehabilitation of an Adult Mutilated Dentition with Multiple Missing Permanent Teeth--A Case Report.

Int J Orthod Milwaukee 2015 ;26(4):45-8

Adult orthodontics has been an area of increasing focus in recent times. Comprehensive treatment of adults is more challenging due to a myriad of problems that coexist in an adult that makes treatment planning more challenging. A large number of individuals seek dental care because of aesthetic reasons, that is, the desire to look more attractive by improving their smiles. The role an attractive smile plays on a person's self-image and confidence cannot be overemphasized. Evaluating and treating patients for the purpose of smile design often involves a multi-discipline approach. Achieving an ideal smile may require orthodontics, orthognathic surgery, periodontal therapy, including soft tissue repositioning and bone re-contouring, cosmetic dentistry, and plastic surgery. This aesthetic approach to patient care produces the best dental and dental-facial beauty. This paper describes a case report in which an orthodontist, an endodontist, and a prosthodontist worked as a team to improve the patients smile and confidence.
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May 2016

Interdisciplinary Approach for Management of Congenitally Missing Maxillary Lateral Incisors: A Case Report.

Int J Orthod Milwaukee 2015 ;26(4):15-7

Maxillary lateral incisors are frequently found congenitally missing, and their replacement has to be done prosthodontically. However, there are a variety of treatment options; a justified solution after orthodontic correction is the use of Maryland Bridges. Following is a case report of congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors and an impacted canine and their orthodontic correction followed by prosthetic replacement of the lateral incisors using Maryland bridges.
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May 2016

Evaluation of hyoid bone position and its correlation with pharyngeal airway space in different types of skeletal malocclusion.

Contemp Clin Dent 2014 Apr;5(2):187-9

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Goa, India.

Introduction: The hyoid bone and its relation with the pharyngeal space in health and disease has been an intriguing subject for years.

Aim: This study attempts to evaluate the hyoid bone position and to ascertain any correlations with pharyngeal airway space in skeletal class I, II, and III malocclusions.

Materials And Methods: McNamara's airway analysis was carried out to assess the upper and lower airway widths and Hyoid triangle analysis by Bibby and Preston was carried out to determine the position of the hyoid bone.

Conclusion: A positive correlation was found between the lower airway and horizontal distance from the hyoid bone to the retrognathion in class I skeletal pattern with average growth pattern.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-237X.132313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067781PMC
April 2014