Publications by authors named "Nicoleta Badea"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Challenges in Coopted Hydrophilic and Lipophilic Herbal Bioactives in the Same Nanostructured Carriers for Effective Bioavailability and Anti-Inflammatory Action.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Nov 12;11(11). Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Polizu No 1, 011061 Bucharest, Romania.

There is ongoing research on various herbal bioactives and delivery systems which indicates that both lipid nanocarriers and herbal medicines will be fine tunned and integrated for future bio-medical applications. The current study was undertaken to systematically develop NLC-DSG-yam extract for the improved efficacy of herbal Diosgenin (DSG) in the management of anti-inflammatory disorders. NLCs were characterized regarding the mean size of the particles, morphological characteristics, physical stability in time, thermal behaviour, and entrapment efficiency of the herbal bioactive. Encapsulation efficiency and in vitro antioxidant activity measured the differences between the individual and dual co-loaded-NLC, the co-loaded one assuring a prolonged controlled release of DSG and a more emphasized ability of capturing short-life reactive oxygen species (ROS). NLCs safety properties were monitored following the in vitro MTS ((3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) tetrazolium reduction assay) and RTCA (Real-Time Cell Analysis) assays. Concentrations less than 50 μg/mL showed no cytotoxic effects during in vitro cytotoxicity assays. Besides, the NLC-DSG-yam extract revealed a great anti-inflammatory effect, as the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-6) was significantly inhibited at 50 μg/mL NLC (e.g., 98.2% ± 1.07 inhibition of TNF-α, while for IL-6 the inhibition percentage was of 62% ± 1.07). Concluding, using appropriate lipid nanocarriers, the most desirable properties of herbal bioactives could be improved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11113035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8624441PMC
November 2021

Multifaced Role of Dual Herbal Principles Loaded-Lipid Nanocarriers in Providing High Therapeutic Efficacity.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Sep 18;13(9). Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Polizu No 1, 011061 Bucharest, Romania.

Although many phytochemicals have been used in traditional medicine, there is a great need to refresh the health benefits and adjust the shortcomings of herbal medicine. In this research, two herbal principles (Diosgenin and extract) coopted in the Nanostructured Lipid Carriers have been developed for improving the most desirable properties of herbal medicine-antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The contribution of phytochemicals, vegetable oils and of lipid matrices has been highlighted by comparative study of size, stability, entrapment efficiency, morphological characteristics, and thermal behavior. According to the in vitro MTS and RTCA results, the dual herbal-NLCs were no cytotoxic toward endothelial cells at concentrations between 25 and 100 µg/mL. A rapid release of and a motivated delay of Diosgenin was detected by the in vitro release experiments. Dual herbal-NLCs showed an elevated ability to annihilate long-life cationic radicals (ABTS) and short-life oxygenated radicals (an inhibition of 63.4% ABTS, while the ability to capture radical oxygen species reached 96%). The production of pro-inflammatory cytokines was significantly inhibited by the newly herbals-NLC (up to 97.9% inhibition of TNF-α and 62.5% for IL-6). The study may open a new pharmacotherapy horizon; it provides a comprehensive basis for the use of herbal-NLC in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics13091511DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8465057PMC
September 2021

Characterization and Antitumoral Activity of Biohybrids Based on Turmeric and Silver/Silver Chloride Nanoparticles.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Aug 21;14(16). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Nis, Bulevar Oslobodjenja 124, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia.

The phyto-development of nanomaterials is one of the main challenges for scientists today, as it offers unusual properties and multifunctionality. The originality of our paper lies in the study of new materials based on biomimicking lipid bilayers loaded with chlorophyll, chitosan, and turmeric-generated nano-silver/silver chloride particles. These materials showed a good free radical scavenging capacity between 76.25 and 93.26% (in vitro tested through chemiluminescence method) and a good antimicrobial activity against bacterium (IZ > 10 mm). The anticancer activity of our developed bio-based materials was investigated against two cancer cell lines (human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells HT-29, and human liver carcinoma cells HepG2) and compared to one healthy cell line (human fibroblast BJ cell line). Cell viability was evaluated for all prepared materials after a 24 h treatment and was used to select the biohybrid with the highest therapeutic index (TI); additionally, the hemolytic activity of the samples was also evaluated. Finally, we investigated the morphological changes induced by the developed materials against the cell lines studied. Biophysical studies on these materials were done by correlating UV-Vis and FTIR absorption spectroscopy, with XRD, SANS, and SAXS methods, and with information provided by microscopic techniques (AFM, SEM/EDS). In conclusion, these "green" developed hybrid systems are an important alternative in cancer treatment, and against health problems associated with drug-resistant infections.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14164726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8401137PMC
August 2021

Biological Performances of Plasmonic Biohybrids Based on Phyto-Silver/Silver Chloride Nanoparticles.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Jul 12;11(7). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Krakow, Poland.

Silver/silver chloride nanoparticles (Ag/AgClNPs), with a mean size of 48.2 ± 9.5 nm and a zeta potential value of -31.1 ± 1.9 mV, obtained by the approach from a mixture of nettle and grape extracts, were used as "building blocks" for the "green" development of plasmonic biohybrids containing biomimetic membranes and chitosan. The mechanism of biohybrid formation was elucidated by optical analyses (UV-vis absorption and emission fluorescence, FTIR, XRD, and SAXS) and microscopic techniques (AFM and SEM). The aforementioned novel materials showed a free radical scavenging capacity of 75% and excellent antimicrobial properties against (IGZ = 45 mm) and (IGZ = 35 mm). The antiproliferative activity of biohybrids was highlighted by a therapeutic index value of 1.30 for HT-29 cancer cells and 1.77 for HepG2 cancer cells. At concentrations below 102.2 µM, these materials are not hemolytic, so they will not be harmful when found in the bloodstream. In conclusion, hybrid systems based on phyto-Ag/AgClNPs, artificial cell membranes, and chitosan can be considered potential adjuvants in liver and colorectal cancer treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11071811DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8308221PMC
July 2021

3D hybrid structures based on biomimetic membranes and Caryophyllus aromaticus - "green" synthesized nano-silver with improved bioperformances.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Aug 23;101:120-137. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

National Institute of Materials Physics, 405A Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest, Magurele 077125, Romania.

The paper describes an innovative bio-design of some hybrid nanoarchitectures containing bioartificial membranes and silver nanoparticles phytogenerated by using a natural extract Caryophyllus aromaticus (cloves) that contains many bioactive compounds. Two kinds of liposomes with and without chlorophyll a (Chla) obtained through thin film hydration method were used to achieve bio-green-generated hybrids by a simple, cost effective bottom-up approach. The characteristic peaks of CE-nAg monitored by UV-Vis absorption have firstly demonstrated the biohybrids formation. The slightly blue shift and fluorescence quenching observed by fluorescence emission spectra highlighted the formation of hybrid systems by biointeraction between lipid vesicles and silver nanoparticles. The incorporation of silver nanoparticles in lipid vesicles resulted in significant changes of FT-IR spectra of liposomes, indicating a reorganization of biomimetic membranes. All the microscopic methods (SEM, AFM and TEM) confirmed the biosynthesis of "green" AgNPs together with associated biohybrids, their spherical and quasi-spherical shapes with nano-scaled size. By TEM assay it was shown that CE-nAg are surrounded by petal like cloud structures that consist of biopolymers like proteins or polysaccharides and other phytochemicals arising from clove extract. EDS spectra confirmed the formation of phyto-nanoAg and also the presence of silver in the biohybrids. In addition, Selected Area Electron Diffraction showed characteristic polycrystalline ring patterns for a cubic structure of the clove-generated AgNPs. The hybrid materials showed efficient physical stability,i.e. ξ value of -28.0 mV (for biohybrids without Chla, BH) and of -31.7 mV (for biohybrids labelled with Chla, Chla-BH), assured by strong electrostatic repulsive forces between particles. The "green" nano-silver particles (CE-nAg) showed remarkable antioxidant activity (AA = 90.2%). The biohybrids loaded with clove-AgNPs proved to be more effective, scavenging about 98.8% of free radicals (in case of Chla-BH), and of 92.6% (in case of BH). The antibacterial effectiveness showed that green AgNPs combine in a synergistic manner the antibacterial properties of clove extract with those of silver, resulting in an enhancement of inhibition diameter, by 20%. Chla-BH proved to be more potent against Escherichia coli, than BH, exhibiting an inhibition diameter of 42 mm. Regarding the in vitro cytotoxicity against tumour cells, the CE-nAg concentration significantly influenced the cell viability, i.e. IC was 3.6% (v/v) for HT-29 cells. Chla-BH was more effective against HT-29 cancer cells at the concentrations ranging from 0 to 18% (v/v), when the normal cells were not affected. Clove-generated AgNPs exhibited haemolytic activity against hRBCs, while the biohybrids were haemocompatible. The action mechanism on the two cell lines (mouse fibroblast L929 cells and human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells) investigated by fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that CE-nAg killed almost all the cells (94%) through necrosis at a concentration of 33.4% (v/v). The treatment of HT-29 cells with BH resulted in: 71.5% viable cells, 19.5% apoptotic and only 9% necrotic cells, while in the case of Chla-BH treatment, only 77.5% cells were viable, 16% cells were apoptotic and 6.5% were necrotic. In this way, the developed silver-based nanoparticles can represent viable promoters to develop new biohybrids with improved features, e.g. antioxidant and antibacterial effectiveness, haemolytic activity and greater specificity towards tumour cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.03.069DOI Listing
August 2019

New Approach to Prepare Willow Bark Extract-Lipid Based Nanosystems with Enhanced Antioxidant Activity.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2015 Jun;15(6):4080-9

In this study the conventional oils used for lipid nanocarriers (NLCs) synthesis were replaced by high concentration of fish oils (e.g., fish oil concentrated in omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil enriched in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and salmon oil), in order to produce appropriate lipid based nanosystems able to entrap willow bark extract (WBE). Formulation factors such as the nature of the fish oil, glycerol content and WBE loading were evaluated to produce optimum lipid based nanosystems with suitable physical stability and enhanced antioxidant activity. The synthesized WBE-NLC showed spherical and homogeneous particles and average diameters in the range of 200-250 nm, as determined by TEM measurements. The electrokinetic potentials were negative for all free- and WBE-loaded NLCs, with values between -29.1 ÷ - 35.8 mV, which reveal an excellent physical stability. By scanning calorimetry measurements it has been shown that the lipid crystallization and melting behavior of NLCs before and after loading with WBE were no significantly influenced by the type of fish oil used and only in a few NLCs formulations an obvious perturbation of lipid network have been detected. The chemiluminescence technique has been used to assess the effect of fish oil type on the in vitro antioxidant activity of WBE-NLCs. Ability of WBE entrapped within NLCs to scavange the free radicals was greater than for native WBE and fish oils. The difference between the antioxidant activity of WBE-NLC (98%) and those of pure WBE (AA% = 77.2) and fish oil (AA% = 83.7), may be explained by the occurrence of a synergistic effect between the components of lipid nanocarriers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.9162DOI Listing
June 2015

Integrative approach in prevention and therapy of basal cellular carcinoma by association of three actives loaded into lipid nanocarriers.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2015 Jun 21;147:1-8. Epub 2015 Mar 21.

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Material Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 1 Polizu Street, 011061 Bucharest, Romania.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the commonest malignancies occurred on sun-exposed skin, mainly by UV-B radiation, of lighter-skinned individuals. The aim of the present study was to develop advanced drug delivery formulations used in BCC therapy that overcomes chemotherapy-induced side-effects of skin photosensitivity by an integrative approach of nanoencapsulation in conjunction with combination therapy that uses chemotherapeutic, chemoprotective and sunscreen agents. The combination of anticancer drug together with sunscreen agent is very useful in therapy, especially for individuals who are more exposed to the sun without using a sunscreen. Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) employed as drug delivery systems were co-loaded with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a hydrophilic chemotherapeutic drug, and ethylhexyl salicylate (EHS), a lipophilic UV-B sunscreen agent. The NLCs were developed using bioactive squalene (50.8% w/w) from amaranth seed oil as chemoprotective agent. By varying the concentrations of 5-FU and EHS, the co-loaded NLCs presented particle sizes of about 100nm, acceptable physical stability with values smaller than -25mV and appropriate entrapment efficiency that reaches values over 65% for both types of drugs. The UV-B blocking ability of EHS loaded into NLCs were influenced by the concentration of 5-FU. The amaranth oil offered a capacity of 70% in scavenging the free radicals. In vitro drug release showed that NLCs presented sustained release of 5-FU that followed the Fick's law of diffusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.03.007DOI Listing
June 2015

Nanobioarchitectures based on chlorophyll photopigment, artificial lipid bilayers and carbon nanotubes.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2014 2;5:2316-25. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

Department of General Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 1-7 Polizu Street, 011061, Bucharest, Romania.

In the last decade, building biohybrid materials has gained considerable interest in the field of nanotechnology. This paper describes an original design for bionanoarchitectures with interesting properties and potential bioapplications. Multilamellar lipid vesicles (obtained by hydration of a dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine thin film) with and without cholesterol were labelled with a natural photopigment (chlorophyll a), which functioned as a sensor to detect modifications in the artificial lipid bilayers. These biomimetic membranes were used to build non-covalent structures with single-walled carbon nanotubes. Different biophysical methods were employed to characterize these biohybrids such as: UV-vis absorption and emission spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements, AFM and chemiluminescence techniques. The designed, carbon-based biohybrids exhibited good physical stability, good antioxidant and antimicrobial properties, and could be used as biocoating materials. As compared to the cholesterol-free samples, the cholesterol-containing hybrid structures demonstrated better stability (i.e., their zeta potential reached the value of -36.4 mV), more pronounced oxygen radical scavenging ability (affording an antioxidant activity of 73.25%) and enhanced biocidal ability, offering inhibition zones of 12.4, 11.3 and 10.2 mm in diameter, against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.5.240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4273269PMC
December 2014

Green silver nanobioarchitectures with amplified antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.

J Mater Chem B 2014 Jun 29;2(21):3221-3231. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Department of Electricity and Magnetism, Solid-State Physics, and Biophysics, 405 Atomistilor Street, PO Box MG-11, Bucharest-Magurele, 077125, Romania.

Cornelian silver-based architectures were achieved from liposomes, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) by a "green" bottom-up strategy. Liposomes were prepared by a thin film hydration method and labelled with a natural porphyrin extracted from spinach leaves, cholorophyll a (Chla). Due to its strong visible absorption and fluorescence emission, this phytopigment was used as a spectral sensor to monitor any possible changes occurring in lipid membranes caused by the action of various agents. An aqueous extract from Cornus mas L. fruits was used for AgNP phytosynthesis. Addition of appropriate amounts of phytonanosilver particles and SWCNTs to biomimetic membranes resulted in biohybrid material with good physical stability (ZP = -34 mV) and high antioxidant activity (AA = 97.8%). Moreover, they have been shown to be a strong biocide having diameters of inhibition zones of 18.3 mm, 23.8 mm and 21.6 mm against Escherichia coli ATCC 8738, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, respectively. Chla rapidly sensed the modifications that occurred in artificial lipid bilayers as a result of interactions with silver nanoparticles and carbon nanotube surfaces indicating the biohybrid formation, and these results were supported by AFM analysis. The bioconstructed hybrid material consisting of biomimetic membranes, phyto-nanosilver and SWCNTs could be applied as an antimicrobial and antioxidant coating.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4tb00262hDOI Listing
June 2014

Eco-designed biohybrids based on liposomes, mint-nanosilver and carbon nanotubes for antioxidant and antimicrobial coating.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2014 Jun 5;39:177-85. Epub 2014 Mar 5.

University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, 3Nano-SAE Research Centre, P.O. Box MG-38, Bucharest-Magurele 077125, Romania.

Noncovalent entities (consisting of liposomes, phyto-nanosilver and carbon nanotubes) with interesting properties were constructed by a "green" bottom-up method. Phytosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the Mentha piperita extract combines the benefits of this herb with the interesting properties of silver. The obtained silver-based biohybrids showed antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that have been considerable improved in the presence of carbon nanotubes. Thus the eco-designed bioconstructs consisting of cholesterol-containing liposomes, phytonanosilver and carbon nanotubes exhibited high antioxidant activity (AA=90.8%) and have been shown to be strong biocides offering inhibition zone of 25mm against Escherichia coli and 23mm against Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2014.02.038DOI Listing
June 2014

Rice bran and raspberry seed oil-based nanocarriers with self-antioxidative properties as safe photoprotective formulations.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2014 Apr;13(4):703-16

University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, Polizu Street No 1, 011061, Bucharest, Romania.

The aim of this research was to develop advanced lipid nanocarriers based on renewable vegetable resources (rice bran oil and raspberry seed oil) that possess self-antioxidative properties, having advantages in terms of minimal side effects and exhibiting the ability to simultaneously co-encapsulate and co-release two active compounds. The focus has been oriented towards developing safe cosmetic formulations with broad-spectrum photoprotection based on these new lipid nanocarriers that contain large amounts of vegetable oils and low concentrations of synthetic UVA and UVB filters (butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane - BMDBM and octocrylene - OCT). The lipid nanocarriers have a spherical shape and show good physical stability, with a zeta potential in the range of -25.5 to -32.4 mV. Both vegetable oils play a key role in the preparation of efficient nanocarriers, leading to a less ordered arrangement of the lipid core that offers many spaces for the entrapment of large amounts of BMDBM (79%) and OCT (90%), as wells as improved antioxidant activity and UV absorption properties, particularly for the lipid nanocarriers prepared from rice bran oil. By formulating the lipid nanocarriers into creams containing only 3.5% of the UV filters and 10.5% of the vegetable oils, the resulting sunscreens exhibited improved photoprotection, reflecting up to 91% and 93% of UVA and UVB rays, respectively. A new direction of research achieved by this study is the multiple release strategy of both UV filters from the same lipid nanocarrier. After 24 hours, a slow release of BMDBM (less than 4%) and OCT (17.5%) was obtained through a Fick diffusion process. This study demonstrates a significant advance in the areas of both nanotechnology and cosmetics, developing safer cosmetic formulations that possess broad antioxidant, photoprotective and co-release effectiveness due to the existence of a high content of nanostructured vegetable oils combined with a low amount of synthetic UV filters in the same carrier system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3pp50290bDOI Listing
April 2014

Coencapsulation of butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane and octocrylene into lipid nanocarriers: UV performance, photostability and in vitro release.

Photochem Photobiol 2013 Sep-Oct;89(5):1085-94. Epub 2013 Jul 19.

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Street No 1, 011061, Bucharest, Romania.

The coencapsulation of two UV filters, butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDBM) and octocrylene (OCT), into lipid nanocarriers was explored to develop stable cosmetic formulations with broad-spectrum photoprotection and slow release properties. Different types of nanocarriers in various concentrations of the two UV filters were tested to find the combination with the best absorption and release properties. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) have been the two types of lipid nanocarriers used. The NLCs were based on either medium chain triglycerides (MCT) or squalene (Sq). The following physicochemical properties of the nanocarriers have been evaluated: particle size, morphology, zeta potential (ZP), entrapment efficiency, loading capacity, and thermal behavior. The nanocarriers have been formulated into creams containing low amounts of UV filters (2.5% BMDBM and 1% OCT). The best photoprotection results were obtained with the cream based on NLCs prepared with MCT, having a sun protection factor (SPF) of 17.2 and an erythemal UVA protection factor (EUVA-PF) of 50.8. The photostability of the encapsulated BMDBM filter was confirmed by subjecting the nanocarriers-based creams to in vitro irradiation. The prolonged UV-protection efficacy was coupled with a slow in vitro release of the synthetic UV filters, which followed the Higuchi release model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.12117DOI Listing
April 2014

Antioxidant properties of biohybrids based on liposomes and sage silver nanoparticles.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2013 Mar;13(3):2051-60

Faculty of Physics, Department of Electricity, Solid State and Biophysics, University of Bucharest, Bucharest-Magurele 077125, Romania.

This paper is aimed to describe a simple and rapid eco-friendly bottom-up approach for the preparation of antioxidant silver bionanostructures using a leaf extract from sage (Salvia officinalis L.). The bioreduction property of sage in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles was investigated by UV-VIS and Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy. During their preparation, the particle size analysis was performed by using Dynamic Light Scattering technique. Ultrasonic irradiation was used to obtain sage silver nanoparticles. The morphology (size and shape) of the herbal silver nanoparticles was evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy that revealed the formation of spherical phytonanoparticles with size less than 80 nm. In order to increase their stability and their biocompatibility, the sage silver nanoparticles were introduced in two types of liposomes: soybean lecithin- and Chla-DPPC-lipid vesicles which were prepared by thin film hydration method. X-Ray Fluorescence analysis confirmed the silver presence in liposomes/sage-AgNPs biohybrids. The stability of liposomes/herbal AgNPs bioconstructs was checked by zeta potential measurements. The most stable biohybrids: Chla-DPPC/sage-AgNPs with zeta potential value of -34.2 mV, were characterized by Atomic Force Microscopy revealing the spherical and quasi-spherical shaped profiles of these nanobiohybrids with size less than 96 nm. The antioxidant activity of the silver bionanostructures was evaluated using chemiluminescence assay. The developed eco-friendly silver phytonanostructures based on lipid membranes, nanosilver and sage extract, manifest strong antioxidant properties (between 86.5% and 98.6%).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2013.6857DOI Listing
March 2013

The encapsulation effect of UV molecular absorbers into biocompatible lipid nanoparticles.

Nanoscale Res Lett 2011 Jan 12;6(1):73. Epub 2011 Jan 12.

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Polizu Street No, 1, 011061 Bucharest, Romania.

The efficiency of a cosmetic product depends not only on the active ingredients, but also on the carrier system devoted to improve its bioavailability. This article aims to encapsulate two couples of UV molecular absorbers, with a blocking action on both UV-A and UV-B domains, into efficient lipid nanoparticles. The effect of encapsulation on the specific properties such as sun protection factor and photostability behaviour has been demonstrated. The lipid nanoparticles with size range 30-350 nm and a polydispersity index between 0.217 and 0.244 are obtained using a modified high shear homogenisation method. The nanoparticles had spherical shapes with a single crystallisation form of lipid matrices characteristic for the least ordered crystal structure (α-form). The in vitro determination of photoprotection has led to high SPF ratings, with values of about 20, which assure a good photoprotection and filtering about 95% of UV radiation. The photoprotection effect after irradiation stage was observed to be increased more than twice compared to initial samples as a result of isomerisation phenomena. All the results have shown that good photoprotection effect and improved photostability could be obtained using such sunscreen couples, thus demonstrating that UV absorbers-solid lipid nanoparticles are promising carriers for cosmetic formulations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1556-276X-6-73DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3212221PMC
January 2011
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