Publications by authors named "Nicole M Seminara"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A potential role for the dermatologist in the physical transformation of transgender people: A survey of attitudes and practices within the transgender community.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2016 Feb 5;74(2):303-8. Epub 2015 Dec 5.

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York; Day Dermatology and Aesthetics, New York, New York.

Background: There are an estimated 700,000 or more transgender people in the United States, however their dermatologic needs are not fully established in the medical literature. Unique needs relate to hormone therapy, prior surgeries, and other aspects of physical transitioning.

Objectives: By examining attitudes and practices of transgender individuals, we aimed to identify areas for which dermatologists could contribute to their physical transformation.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used an anonymous online survey, distributed via lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organizations; social media; and at targeted locations and events.

Results: A total of 327 people completed the survey (63% men, 29% women, 9% other). Most transgender women indicated that their face was most imperative to have changed, whereas men noted their chest, in turn influencing procedures. Of women's facial procedures, hair removal predominated, followed by surgery then injectables, mostly performed by plastic surgeons. Hormone-induced facial effects varied, usually taking over 2 years for maximal effect. When choosing procedures, money was the major barrier and good aesthetic outcome the primary concern. Participants did not think that facial procedures necessitate the currently accepted prerequisites for chest and genital surgery.

Limitations: This study has limited size and convenience sampling.

Conclusion: Dermatologists could contribute to the physical transformation of transgender patients through noninvasive procedures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.013DOI Listing
February 2016

Aberrant lymphatic drainage and risk for melanoma recurrence after negative sentinel node biopsy in middle-aged and older men.

Head Neck 2016 04 14;38 Suppl 1:E754-60. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Department of Dermatology, Pigmented Lesion and Melanoma Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Background: Aberrant lymphatic drainage is believed to contribute to the high recurrence rate of head and neck melanomas. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical significance of unexpected lymphatic drainage patterns.

Methods: A single institution retrospective analysis was performed of middle-aged and older men (mean age, 66.2 years; range, 41-87 years) who underwent successful lymphoscintigraphy with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) from 1997 through 2012. Node status, distribution, and recurrence were assessed comparing patients with expected and unexpected drainage patterns.

Results: Sixty-six patients were identified with 55.8 months median follow-up (range, 5.6-206.1 months). Unexpected sentinel lymph node drainage was associated with multiple basin drainage (p < .01) and greater recurrence after negative SLNB (p = .03). Both groups had similar anatomic distribution, sentinel lymph node sampling, histopathologic characteristics, follow-up, and survival.

Conclusion: Lymphatic drainage differing from expected patterns is associated with greater recurrence after negative SLNB in middle-aged and older men. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: E754-E760, 2016.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.24094DOI Listing
April 2016

Increased risk of diabetes mellitus and likelihood of receiving diabetes mellitus treatment in patients with psoriasis.

Arch Dermatol 2012 Sep;148(9):995-1000

Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 16104, USA.

Objective: To assess the risk of incident diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with psoriasis and to evaluate DM treatment patterns among patients with psoriasis and incident DM.

Design: Population-based cohort study.

Setting: United Kingdom-based electronic medical records.

Patients: We matched 108 132 patients with psoriasis aged 18 to 90 years with 430 716 unexposed patients based on practice and time of visit. For our nested study, only patients who developed incident DM during our study time were included.

Main Outcome Measures: Incident DM and adjusted risk of pharmacotherapy among those with incident DM.

Results: The fully adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) for incident DM were 1.14 (95% CI, 1.10-1.18), 1.11 (95% CI, 1.07-1.15), and 1.46 (95% CI, 1.30-1.65) in the overall, mild, and severe psoriasis groups, respectively. Among those with incident DM and severe psoriasis, the adjusted risk for receiving DM pharmacotherapy was 1.55 (95% CI, 1.15-2.10).

Conclusions: Our results suggest that psoriasis is an independent risk factor for the development of type 2 DM in a dose-dependent manner, and that patients with severe psoriasis who develop DM are more likely to receive systemic diabetic therapies in comparison with patients with DM but without psoriasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archdermatol.2012.1401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3677207PMC
September 2012

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis: a population-based study in the United Kingdom.

J Invest Dermatol 2012 Mar 24;132(3 Pt 1):556-62. Epub 2011 Nov 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Increasing epidemiological evidence suggests independent associations between psoriasis and cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that directly assessed psoriasis severity relates to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components. A population-based, cross-sectional study was undertaken using computerized medical records from the Health Improvement Network Study population including individuals in the age group of 45-65 years with psoriasis and practice-matched controls. The diagnosis and extent of psoriasis were determined using provider-based questionnaires. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. A total of 44,715 individuals were included: 4,065 with psoriasis and 40,650 controls. In all, 2,044 participants had mild psoriasis (2% body surface area (BSA)), 1,377 had moderate psoriasis (3-10% BSA), and 475 had severe psoriasis (>10% BSA). Psoriasis was associated with metabolic syndrome, adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31-1.51), varying in a "dose-response" manner, from mild (adj. OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.11-1.35) to severe psoriasis (adj. OR 1.98, 95% CI 1.62-2.43). Psoriasis is associated with metabolic syndrome and the association increases with increasing disease severity. Furthermore, associations with obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and hyperglycemia increase with increasing disease severity independently of other metabolic syndrome components. These findings suggest that screening for metabolic disease should be considered for psoriasis, especially when it is severe.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2011.365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3278499PMC
March 2012

Assessing long-term drug safety: lessons (re) learned from raptiva.

Semin Cutan Med Surg 2010 Mar;29(1):16-9

Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Efalizumab was approved for moderate to severe psoriasis in 2003 based on studies in approximately 2700 patients, of whom only 218 were exposed to the drug for more than 1 year. In 2009, after more than 46,000 patients were exposed to efalizumab, the drug was withdrawn from the market after 3 confirmed and 1 suspected case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) were spontaneously reported. As PML is very rare, it is extremely unlikely that the 4 reported cases were due to chance and given that PML occurs primarily in patients who are immunosuppressed, the association is likely causal. The identification of PML as a serious, but statistically rare risk of efalizumab demonstrates the strengths and weaknesses of the current drug approval and pharmacovigilance processes for fully measuring the safety of a drug. Patients and clinicians need to be aware of the relative completeness and limitations of existing safety data of a drug when selecting a treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sder.2010.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2864916PMC
March 2010