Publications by authors named "Nhân Pham-Thi"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Management of anaphylaxis due to COVID-19 vaccines in the elderly.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Ioana Agache Hubert Blain Marek Jutel Maria Teresa Ventura Margitta Worm Stefano Del Giacco Athanasios Benetos M Beatrice Bilo Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Amir Hamzah Abdul Latiff Mona Al-Ahmad Elizabeth Angier Isabella Annesi-Maesano Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic Claus Bachert Annick Barbaud Anna Bedbrook Kazi S Bennoor Elena Camelia Berghea Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Sergio Bonini Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Knut Brockow Luisa Brussino Paulo Camargos G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Pedro Carreiro-Martins Ana Carriazo Thomas Casale Jean-Christoph Caubet Lorenzo Cecchi Antonio Cherubini George Christoff Derek K Chu Alvaro A Cruz Dejan Dokic Yehia El-Gamal Motohiro Ebisawa Bernadette Eberlein John Farrell Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Yadong Gao Gaëtan Gavazzi Radolslaw Gawlik Asli Gelincik Bilun Gemicioğlu Maia Gotua Olivier Guérin Tari Haahtela Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber Hans Jürgen Hoffmann Maja Hofmann Martin Hrubisko Madda lenaIllario Carla Irani Zhanat Ispayeva Juan Carlos Ivancevich Kaja Julge Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Edward Knol Helga Kraxner Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Antti Lauerma Lan Tt Le Vincent Le Moing Michael Levin Renaud Louis Olga Lourenco Vera Mahler Finbarr C Martin Andrea Matucci Branislava Milenkovic Stéphanie Miot Emma Montella Mario Morais-Almeida Charlotte G Mortz Joaquim Mullol Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristof Nekam Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Robyn E O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Markus Ollert Oscar Palomares Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Petr Panzner Gianni Passalacqua Vincenzo Patella Mirko Petrovic Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Marysia T Recto Frederico S Regateiro Jacques Reynes Regina E Roller-Winsberger Yves Rolland Antonino Romano Carmen Rondon Menachem Rottem Philip W Rouadi Nathalie Salles Boleslaw Samolinski Alexandra F Santos Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Joaquin Sastre Jos M G A Schols Nicola Scichilone Anna Sediva Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Isabel Skypala Sylwia Smolinska Milena Sokolowska Bernardo Sousa-Pinto Milan Sova Rafael Stelmach Gunter Sturm Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Maria Todo-Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Maria Torres Eva Untersmayr Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Arunas Valiulis Joana Vitte Alessandra Vultaggio Dana Wallace Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa De-Yun Wang Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Mario Zernotti Mihaela Zidarn Tomas Chivato Cezmi A Akdis Torsten Zuberbier Ludger Klimek

Allergy 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Mainz, and Center for Rhinology and Allergology, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Older adults, especially men and/or those with diabetes, hypertension and/or obesity, are prone to severe COVID-19. In some countries, older adults, particularly those residing in nursing homes, have been prioritised to receive COVID-19 vaccines due to high risk of death. In very rare instances,the COVID-19 vaccines can induce anaphylaxis, and the management of anaphylaxis in older people should be considered carefully. An ARIA-EAACI-EuGMS (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma, European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and European Geriatric Medicine Society)Working Group has proposed some recommendations for older adults receiving the COVID-19 vaccines. Anaphylaxis to COVID-19 vaccines is extremely rare (from 1 per 100,000 to 5 per million injections). Symptoms are similar in younger and older adults but they tend to be more severe in the older patients. Adrenaline is the mainstay treatment and should be readily available. A flowchart is proposed to manage anaphylaxis in the older patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14838DOI Listing
April 2021

Field transcriptome analysis reveals a molecular mechanism for cassava-flowering in a mountainous environment in Southeast Asia.

Plant Mol Biol 2020 Sep 9. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Center for Sustainable Resource Science, RIKEN, Kanagawa, Japan.

Key Message: The field survey in this article showed in 'KU50', a popular variety and late-branching type of cassava in Southeast Asia, that flowering rarely occurs in normal-field conditions in Southeast Asia but is strongly induced in the dry season in the mountainous region. Flowering time is correlated with the expression patterns of MeFT1 and homologs of Arabidopsis GI, PHYA, and NF-Ys. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a tropical crop that is propagated vegetatively rather than sexually by seed. Flowering rarely occurs in the erect-type variety grown in Southeast Asia, but it is known that cassava produces flowers every year in mountainous regions. Data pertaining to the effect of environmental factors on flowering time and gene expression in cassava, however, is limited. The aim of the present study was to determine the kinds of environmental conditions that regulate flowering time in cassava and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The flowering status of KU50, a popular variety in Southeast Asia and late-branching type of cassava, was monitored in six fields in Vietnam and Cambodia. At non-flowering and flowering field locations in North Vietnam, the two FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)-like genes, MeFT1 and MeFT2, were characterized by qPCR, and the pattern of expression of flowering-related genes and genes responsive to environmental signals were analyzed by using RNA sequencing data from time-series samples. Results indicate that cassava flowering was induced in the dry season in the mountain region, and that flowering time was correlated with the expression of MeFT1, and homologs of Arabidopsis GI, PHYA, and NF-Ys. Based upon these data, we hypothesize that floral induction in cassava is triggered by some conditions present in the mountain regions during the dry season.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-020-01057-0DOI Listing
September 2020

ARIA-EAACI statement on asthma and COVID-19 (June 2, 2020).

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Marek Jutel Cezmi A Akdis Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Kari C Nadeau Thomas Eiwegger Anna Bedbrook Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Eric D Bateman Kazi S Bennoor Elena Camelia Berghea Karl-Christian Bergmann Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Louis-Philippe Boulet Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Paulo Camargos Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Sharon Chinthrajah Mübeccel Akdis Tomas Chivato George Christoff Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Stefano Del Giacco Hui Du Yehia El-Gamal Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Yadong Gao Mina Gaga Bilun Gemicioglu Maia Gotua Tari Haahtela David Halpin Eckard Hamelmann Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber Marc Humbert Nataliya Ilina Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Guy Joos Musa Khaitov Bruce Kirenga Edward F Knol Fanny W Ko Seppo Koskinen Marek L Kowalski Helga Kraxner Dmitry Kudlay Piotr Kuna Maciej Kupczyk Violeta Kvedariene Amir H Abdul Latiff Lan T Le Michael Levin Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Renaud Louis Mohammad R Masjedi Erik Melén Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Yousser Mohammad Mario Morais-Almeida Joaquim Mullol Leyla Namazova Hugo Neffen Elisabete Nunes Paul O'Byrne Robyn O'Hehir Liam O'Mahony Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Petr Panzner Nikos G Papadopoulos Gianni Passalacqua Vincenzo Patella Ruby Pawankar Nhân Pham-Thi Bernard Pigearias Todor A Popov Francesca Puggioni Frederico S Regateiro Giovanni Rolla Menachem Rottem Boleslaw Samolinski Joaquin Sastre Jurgen Schwarze Aziz Sheikh Nicola Scichilone Manuel Soto-Quiros Manuel Soto-Martinez Milan Sova Stefania Nicola Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli-Ulrik Luis Taborda-Barata Teresa To Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Omar Usmani Arunas Valiulis Maria Teresa Ventura Giovanni Viegi Theodor Vontetsianos De Yun Wang Sian Williams Gary W K Wong Arzu Yorgancioglu Mario Zernotti Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache

Allergy 2021 03 21;76(3):689-697. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Transylvania University Brasov, Brasov, Romania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7361514PMC
March 2021

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

Correlation between work impairment, scores of rhinitis severity and asthma using the MASK-air App.

Allergy 2020 07 22;75(7):1672-1688. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In allergic rhinitis, a relevant outcome providing information on the effectiveness of interventions is needed. In MASK-air (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network), a visual analogue scale (VAS) for work is used as a relevant outcome. This study aimed to assess the performance of the work VAS work by comparing VAS work with other VAS measurements and symptom-medication scores obtained concurrently.

Methods: All consecutive MASK-air users in 23 countries from 1 June 2016 to 31 October 2018 were included (14 189 users; 205 904 days). Geolocalized users self-assessed daily symptom control using the touchscreen functionality on their smart phone to click on VAS scores (ranging from 0 to 100) for overall symptoms (global), nose, eyes, asthma and work. Two symptom-medication scores were used: the modified EAACI CSMS score and the MASK control score for rhinitis. To assess data quality, the intra-individual response variability (IRV) index was calculated.

Results: A strong correlation was observed between VAS work and other VAS. The highest levels for correlation with VAS work and variance explained in VAS work were found with VAS global, followed by VAS nose, eye and asthma. In comparison with VAS global, the mCSMS and MASK control score showed a lower correlation with VAS work. Results are unlikely to be explained by a low quality of data arising from repeated VAS measures.

Conclusions: VAS work correlates with other outcomes (VAS global, nose, eye and asthma) but less well with a symptom-medication score. VAS work should be considered as a potentially useful AR outcome in intervention studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14204DOI Listing
July 2020

Next-generation care pathways for allergic rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity: a model for multimorbid non-communicable diseases-Meeting Report (Part 2).

J Thorac Dis 2019 Sep;11(9):4072-4084

Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Member of GA2LEN, Berlin, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.09.38DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6790426PMC
September 2019

Next-generation Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines for allergic rhinitis based on Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) and real-world evidence.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Akdis Togias Claus Bachert Martina Erhola Peter W Hellings Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Dana Wallace Ignacio Ansotegui Ioana Agache Anna Bedbrook Karl-Christian Bergmann Mike Bewick Philippe Bonniaud Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bossé Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Moises A Calderon Walter G Canonica Luis Caraballo Vicky Cardona Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Derek K Chu Elisio M Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Gennaro D'Amato Philippe Devillier Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Jean-Louis Fauquert Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Bilun Gemicioglu Roy Gerth van Wijk Tari Haahtela Susanne Halken Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Jorg Kleine Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Stefania La Grutta Désirée Larenas-Linnemann Susanne Lau Daniel Laune Lan Le Philipp Lieberman Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Gert Marien Pedro Carreiro-Martins Erik Melén Enrica Menditto Hugo Neffen Gregoire Mercier Ralph Mosgues Joaquim Mullol Antonella Muraro Leyla Namazova Ettore Novellino Robyn O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Ken Ohta Hae Sim Park Petr Panzner Giovanni Passalacqua Nhan Pham-Thi David Price Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Christine Rolland Nelson Rosario Dermot Ryan Boleslaw Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Glenis K Scadding Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Ana-Maria Todo Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioana Tsiligianni Marylin Valentin-Rostan Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Torsten Zuberbier

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 01 15;145(1):70-80.e3. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, member of GA(2)LEN, Berlin, Germany.

The selection of pharmacotherapy for patients with allergic rhinitis aims to control the disease and depends on many factors. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines have considerably improved the treatment of allergic rhinitis. However, there is an increasing trend toward use of real-world evidence to inform clinical practice, especially because randomized controlled trials are often limited with regard to the applicability of results. The Contre les Maladies Chroniques pour un Vieillissement Actif (MACVIA) algorithm has proposed an allergic rhinitis treatment by a consensus group. This simple algorithm can be used to step up or step down allergic rhinitis treatment. Next-generation guidelines for the pharmacologic treatment of allergic rhinitis were developed by using existing GRADE-based guidelines for the disease, real-world evidence provided by mobile technology, and additive studies (allergen chamber studies) to refine the MACVIA algorithm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.06.049DOI Listing
January 2020

Next-generation care pathways for allergic rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity: a model for multimorbid non-communicable diseases-Meeting Report (Part 1).

J Thorac Dis 2019 Aug;11(8):3633-3642

Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Member of GA2LEN, Berlin, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.08.64DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6753463PMC
August 2019

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

Mobile Technology in Allergic Rhinitis: Evolution in Management or Revolution in Health and Care?

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Nov - Dec;7(8):2511-2523. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Berlin, Germany; Member of GA(2)LEN, Berlin, Germany.

Smart devices and Internet-based applications (apps) are largely used in allergic rhinitis and may help to address some unmet needs. However, these new tools need to first of all be tested for privacy rules, acceptability, usability, and cost-effectiveness. Second, they should be evaluated in the frame of the digital transformation of health, their impact on health care delivery, and health outcomes. This review (1) summarizes some existing mobile health apps for allergic rhinitis and reviews those in which testing has been published, (2) discusses apps that include risk factors of allergic rhinitis, (3) examines the impact of mobile health apps in phenotype discovery, (4) provides real-world evidence for care pathways, and finally (5) discusses mobile health tools enabling the digital transformation of health and care, empowering citizens, and building a healthier society.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.07.044DOI Listing
October 2020

2019 ARIA Care pathways for allergen immunotherapy.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Oliver Pfaar Alkis Togias Holger J Schünemann Ignacio Ansotegui Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Ioanna Tsiligianni Ioana Agache Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Anna Bedbrook Karl-Christian Bergmann Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Jan Brozek Moises A Calderon Giorgio W Canonica Luigi Caraballo Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Derek Chu Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Stephen R Durham George Du Toit Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Jean Luc Fauquert Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas Wytske J Fokkens João Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Roy Gerth van Wijk Tari Haahtela Susanne Halken Peter W Hellings Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Juan Carlos Ivancevich Lars Jacobsen Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Jörg Kleine Tebbe Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Stefania La Grutta Désirée Larenas-Linemann Susanne Lau Daniel Laune Lan Le Karin Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Hans-Jørgen Malling Gert Marien Enrica Menditto Gregoire Mercier Joaquim Mullol Antonella Muraro Robyn O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Giovanni B Pajno Hae-Sim Park Petr Panzner Giovanni Passalacqua Nhan Pham-Thi Graham Roberts Ruby Pawankar Christine Rolland Nelson Rosario Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Glenis Scadding Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Gunter J Sturm Ana Todo Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Maryline Valentin-Rostan Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Ulrich Wahn Samantha Walker Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Torsten Zuberbier

Allergy 2019 11 15;74(11):2087-2102. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy Centre, Member of GA2LEN, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a proven therapeutic option for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and/or asthma. Many guidelines or national practice guidelines have been produced but the evidence-based method varies, many are complex and none propose care pathways. This paper reviews care pathways for AIT using strict criteria and provides simple recommendations that can be used by all stakeholders including healthcare professionals. The decision to prescribe AIT for the patient should be individualized and based on the relevance of the allergens, the persistence of symptoms despite appropriate medications according to guidelines as well as the availability of good-quality and efficacious extracts. Allergen extracts cannot be regarded as generics. Immunotherapy is selected by specialists for stratified patients. There are no currently available validated biomarkers that can predict AIT success. In adolescents and adults, AIT should be reserved for patients with moderate/severe rhinitis or for those with moderate asthma who, despite appropriate pharmacotherapy and adherence, continue to exhibit exacerbations that appear to be related to allergen exposure, except in some specific cases. Immunotherapy may be even more advantageous in patients with multimorbidity. In children, AIT may prevent asthma onset in patients with rhinitis. mHealth tools are promising for the stratification and follow-up of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13805DOI Listing
November 2019

Pollen/Fruit Syndrome: Clinical Relevance of the Cypress Pollen Allergenic Gibberellin-Regulated Protein.

Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2019 Jan;11(1):143-151

Department of Biochemistry, Armand Trousseau Children Hospital, APHP, A&E Research Team, Paris, France.

A pollen/food-associated syndrome (PFAS) has been described between peach and cypress pollen. Cross-reactive allergens were characterized which belong to the Gibberellin-regulated protein (GRP) family, BP14 in cypress pollen and Pru p 7 in peach. GRP are small cationic protein with anti-microbial properties. A patient suffering from a peach/cypress syndrome was explored clinically and biologically using 2 types of immunoglobulin E (IgE) multiarray microchip, immunoblots and a basophil activation test to assess the clinical relevance of various extracts and purified allergens from fruits or cypress pollen. In addition to PR10 sensitization, the patient showed specific IgE to Pru p 7, BP14 and allergen from pomegranate. These last 3 allergens and allergenic sources are able to induce ex vivo basophil activation characterized by the monitoring of the expression of CD63 and CD203c, both cell surface markers correlated with a basophil mediator release. Up to 100% of cells expressed CD203c at 50 ng/mL of BP14 protein. In contrast, snakin-1, a GRP from potato sharing 82% sequence identity with Pru p 7 did not activate patient's basophils. These results strongly suggest that, like Pru p 7, BP14 is a clinically relevant allergenic GRP from pollen. Allergen members of this newly described protein family are good candidates for PFAS where no cross-reactive allergens have been characterized.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4168/aair.2019.11.1.143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267187PMC
January 2019

Occurrence of antibiotic residues and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in effluents of pharmaceutical manufacturers and other sources around Hanoi, Vietnam.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 18;645:393-400. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 13-15 Le Thanh Tong, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Pharmaceutical manufacturers in Vietnam are producing a wide variety of antibiotics for human and veterinary use. Consequently, the water discharged from those facilities can contain residues of antibiotics, which could have adverse impact on the environment. However, studies on the occurrence of antibiotics in the wastewater from pharmaceutical manufacturers in Vietnam are almost non-existent. In this study, water samples were collected at around the outlets of four pharmaceutical manufacturing plants as well as from a hospital and an aquaculture farm around Hanoi in 2016 and 2017. Fifteen antibiotics from four major classes (β-lactam, quinolones, macrolides, sulfonamides) were monitored, using a validated LC-MS/MS method, based on their number of registrations at the Ministry of Health. Ten antibiotics, ampicillin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, clarithromycin, azithromycin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, ofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin were detected in the samples at different concentrations. Notably, sulfonamides and quinolones were occasionally detected at very high concentration, such as sulfamethoxazole (252 μg/L), trimethoprim (107 μg/L), ofloxacin (85 μg/L), and ciprofloxacin (41 μg/L). In this study, concentrations of antibiotic residues in effluent of pharmaceutical plants were higher than those from other sources. The antibiotic-resistance tests indicated the widespread resistance to common antibiotics like quinolone and sulfonamides in the collected samples. This finding suggests that wastewater from pharmaceutical manufacturers could be an important source of antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the aquatic environment of Vietnam.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.126DOI Listing
December 2018

Frey Syndrome.

J Pediatr 2016 Jul 2;174:211-217.e2. Epub 2016 May 2.

Pediatric Pulmonology and Allergy Department, Hôpitaux pédiatriques de Nice University Hospital-Lenval, Nice, France; Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France.

Objective: To describe the features of Frey syndrome (auriculotemporal nerve dysfunction with gustatory flushing) in childhood.

Study Design: A multicenter, retrospective, descriptive observational national case series study was conducted with the help of French academic societies. Diagnostic criteria were based on clinical history, and sometimes also on photographs or provocation tests.

Results: Forty-eight cases were identified, with 2 subtypes: 35 unilateral and 13 bilateral. Associated sweating was reported in only 10% of cases. Diagnosis was made in only 20% of children at the first consultation and inappropriate dietary restriction was prescribed for 21%. Instrumented vaginal delivery was significantly associated with unilateral forms (OR [unilateral vs bilateral] = 29; 95% CI 3.99-311.58; P < .001). The outcome was favorable overall with 57% regression, 20% recovery, and only 23% persistence of initial symptoms. Regression was more frequent in unilateral forms (OR = 6.60; 95% CI 1.23-44.04; P = .016), observed in 69% of unilateral forms at a median age of 27 (24-48) months. Recovery predominated in bilateral forms (OR = 0.05; 95% CI 0-0.38; P = .001), observed in 58% of bilateral cases at a median age of 8 (7-9) months.

Conclusions: Frey syndrome in childhood is a rare but benign condition with mild symptoms and a favorable outcome in most cases. Unilateral forms are mostly associated with instrumented delivery. Pediatricians should be familiar with this disorder in order to avoid misdiagnosis, mainly as food allergy, and unnecessary referrals and tests.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.03.070DOI Listing
July 2016

A Review of the Effects of Major Atmospheric Pollutants on Pollen Grains, Pollen Content, and Allergenicity.

ScientificWorldJournal 2015 24;2015:940243. Epub 2015 Dec 24.

Allergy & Environment Team, Biochemistry Department, Armand Trousseau Children Hospital (AP-HP), 26 avenue du Dr. Arnold Netter, 75571 Paris, France.

This review summarizes the available data related to the effects of air pollution on pollen grains from different plant species. Several studies carried out either on in situ harvested pollen or on pollen exposed in different places more or less polluted are presented and discussed. The different experimental procedures used to monitor the impact of pollution on pollen grains and on various produced external or internal subparticles are listed. Physicochemical and biological effects of artificial pollution (gaseous and particulate) on pollen from different plants, in different laboratory conditions, are considered. The effects of polluted pollen grains, subparticles, and derived aeroallergens in animal models, in in vitro cell culture, on healthy human and allergic patients are described. Combined effects of atmospheric pollutants and pollen grains-derived biological material on allergic population are specifically discussed. Within the notion of "polluen," some methodological biases are underlined and research tracks in this field are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/940243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4706970PMC
September 2016

Efficacy of a synbiotic supplementation in the prevention of common winter diseases in children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study.

Ther Adv Respir Dis 2010 Oct 20;4(5):271-8. Epub 2010 Aug 20.

Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier, Rome, Italy.

Background And Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a synbiotic supplementation in reducing common winter diseases in children.

Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study was conducted in young school-age children (3-7 years old) during a winter period. Participants were otherwise healthy children who suffered from at least three episodes of ear, nose and throat (ENT), respiratory tract or gastrointestinal illness during the previous winter. They were supplemented daily with either a synbiotic preparation (Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, Bifidobacterium infantis R0033, Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071, and fructooligosaccharide) or a matched placebo for 3 months. Over this period, all emergent health episodes of any type were recorded by parents in a diary. They were checked by investigators at regular monthly visits. The main study outcome was the percentage of children free of any episode during the study course.

Results: We randomized 135 children (mean age: 4.1±1.0 years) to the synbiotic group (n = 62) or placebo (n = 73) group. At least one illness episode was reported in 32 children in the synbiotic group and 50 in the placebo group (51.6% versus 68.5%). This corresponded to a significant 25% relative risk reduction (95% CI 0.6-44.3%; p = 0.045). This difference was due to a decrease in the number of children who suffered from at least one ENT, respiratory tract or gastrointestinal disorder (50.0% with synbiotic versus 67.1% with placebo; p = 0.044). At least one sickness school day loss was noted in 25.8% of children with the synbiotic as compared with 42.5% with placebo (p = 0.043). No treatment related side effects were detected in either group.

Conclusions: This study suggests that a 3-month supplementation with this synbiotic preparation can decrease the risk of occurrence of common infectious diseases in children and limits the risk of school day loss.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753465810379010DOI Listing
October 2010

Assessment of sublingual immunotherapy efficacy in children with house dust mite-induced allergic asthma optimally controlled by pharmacologic treatment and mite-avoidance measures.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2007 Feb;18(1):47-57

Department of Paediatric Pneumology and Allergy, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

Although several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of subcutaneous immunotherapy in allergic asthma, few have shown the same benefit using sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in asthmatic patients. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of house dust mite (HDM) SLIT in addition to allergen avoidance and standard pharmacologic treatment. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed in 111 children (aged 5-15 yr) with HDM-induced mild-to-moderate asthma. After a 4-week baseline phase, patients were randomly assigned to receive SLIT with tablets of HDM extract (n = 55) or placebo (n = 56) for 18 months. Pharmacologic treatment was adjusted every 3 months following a step-down approach. Asthma symptom scores, reduction in use of inhaled corticosteroids and inhaled beta(2)-agonists, rhinitis symptoms, lung function tests, skin sensitivity to HDM, dust mite-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E and IgG(4), and quality of life (QoL) were assessed during the study. After 18 months of treatment, diurnal and nocturnal asthma symptoms scores did not show significant differences between SLIT and placebo groups. Inhaled corticosteroids and inhaled beta(2)-agonists use was reduced in both groups without significant differences between groups. There were no significant differences in lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s and peak flow rate variations) between groups. Rhinitis symptom score decreased in both groups, with no difference between the two groups. The severity dimension of QoL was significantly improved in the SLIT group (age 6-12 yr). SLIT induced a significant reduction of skin sensitivity to HDM (p < 0.01) and a significant increase in HDM-specific IgE and IgG(4) antibodies (p < 0.001) in the SLIT group compared with the placebo group. SLIT was well tolerated with mild/moderate local adverse events. No severe systemic reactions were reported. This study indicates that, when mild-moderate asthmatic children are optimally controlled by pharmacologic treatment and HDM avoidance, SLIT does not provide additional benefit, despite a significant reduction in allergic response to HDM. Under such conditions, only a complete, but ethically unfeasible, discontinuation of inhaled corticosteroid would have demonstrated a possible benefit of SLIT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2006.00475.xDOI Listing
February 2007

Invariant natural killer T cells in bronchial asthma.

N Engl J Med 2006 Jun;354(24):2613-6; author reply 2613-6

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June 2006

DC-SIGN induction in alveolar macrophages defines privileged target host cells for mycobacteria in patients with tuberculosis.

PLoS Med 2005 Dec 15;2(12):e381. Epub 2005 Nov 15.

Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Paris, France.

Background: Interplays between Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB) in human and host professional phagocytes, namely macrophages (Mphis) and dendritic cells (DCs), are central to immune protection against TB and to TB pathogenesis. We and others have recently shown that the C-type lectin dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN; CD209) mediates important interactions between mycobacteria and human monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) in vitro.

Methods And Findings: In order to explore the possible role of DC-SIGN in M. tuberculosis infection in vivo, we have analysed DC-SIGN expression in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) cells from patients with TB (n = 40) or with other non-mycobacterial lung pathologies, namely asthma (n = 14) and sarcoidosis (n = 11), as well as from control individuals (n = 9). We show that in patients with TB, up to 70% of alveolar Mphis express DC-SIGN. By contrast, the lectin is barely detected in alveolar Mphis from all other individuals. Flow cytometry, RT-PCR, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analyses of BAL-derived fluids and cells indicated that M. tuberculosis infection induces DC-SIGN expression in alveolar Mphis by a mechanism that is independent of Toll-like receptor-4, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-13. This mechanism most likely relies on the secretion of soluble host and/or mycobacterial factors that have yet to be identified, as both infected and uninfected bystander Mphis were found to express DC-SIGN in the presence of M. tuberculosis. Immunohistochemical examination of lung biopsy samples from patients with TB showed that the bacilli concentrate in pulmonary regions enriched in DC-SIGN-expressing alveolar Mphis in vivo. Ex vivo binding and inhibition of binding experiments further revealed that DC-SIGN-expressing alveolar Mphis constitute preferential target cells for M. tuberculosis, as compared to their DC-SIGN- counterparts. In contrast with what has been reported previously in MoDCs in vitro, ex vivo DC-SIGN ligation by mycobacterial products failed to induce IL-10 secretion by alveolar Mphis, and IL-10 was not detected in BALs from patients with TB.

Conclusion: Altogether, our results provide further evidence for an important role of DC-SIGN during TB in humans. DC-SIGN induction in alveolar Mphis may have important consequences on lung colonization by the tubercle bacillus, and on pulmonary inflammatory and immune responses in the infected host.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0020381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1283365PMC
December 2005