Publications by authors named "Ngoc-Anh Thi Hoang"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The first 100 days of SARS-CoV-2 control in Vietnam.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Aug 1. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, UK.

Background: One hundred days after SARS-CoV-2 was first reported in Vietnam on January 23rd, 270 cases were confirmed, with no deaths. We describe the control measures used by the Government and their relationship with imported and domestically-acquired case numbers, with the aim of identifying the measures associated with successful SARS-CoV-2 control.

Methods: Clinical and demographic data on the first 270 SARS-CoV-2 infected cases and the timing and nature of Government control measures, including numbers of tests and quarantined individuals, were analysed. Apple and Google mobility data provided proxies for population movement. Serial intervals were calculated from 33 infector-infectee pairs and used to estimate the proportion of pre-symptomatic transmission events and time-varying reproduction numbers.

Results: A national lockdown was implemented between April 1st and 22nd. Around 200 000 people were quarantined and 266 122 RT-PCR tests conducted. Population mobility decreased progressively before lockdown. 60% (163/270) of cases were imported; 43% (89/208) of resolved infections remained asymptomatic for the duration of infection. The serial interval was 3·24 days, and 27·5% (95% confidence interval, 15·7%-40·0%) of transmissions occurred pre-symptomatically. Limited transmission amounted to a maximum reproduction number of 1·15 (95% confidence interval, 0·37-2·36). No community transmission has been detected since April 15th.

Conclusions: Vietnam has controlled SARS-CoV-2 spread through the early introduction of mass communication, meticulous contact-tracing with strict quarantine, and international travel restrictions. The value of these interventions is supported by the high proportion of asymptomatic and imported cases, and evidence for substantial pre-symptomatic transmission.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa1130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7454342PMC
August 2020

Willingness to pay for a quality-adjusted life year among advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients in Viet Nam, 2018.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Feb;99(9):e19379

Viet Nam Health Economics Association, Hanoi, Viet Nam.

To examine the willingness to pay (WTP) for a quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained among advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in Viet Nam and to analyze the factors affecting an individual's WTP.A cross-sectional, contingent valuation study was conducted among 400 NSCLC patients across 6 national hospitals in Viet Nam. Self-reported information was recorded from patients regarding their socio-demographic status, EQ-5D (EuroQol-5 dimensions) utility, EQ-5D vas, and WTP for 1 QALY gained. To explore the factors related to the WTP, Gamma Generalized Linear Model and multiple logistic regression tools were applied to analyze data.The overall mean and median of WTP/QALY among the NSCLC patients were USD $11,301 and USD $8002, respectively. Strong association was recorded between WTP/QALY amount and the patient's education, economic status, comorbidity status, and health utility.Government and policymakers should consider providing financial supports to disadvantaged groups to improve their access to life saving cancer treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7478749PMC
February 2020