Publications by authors named "Nezeka S Alli"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nuclear function of Smad7 promotes myogenesis.

Mol Cell Biol 2010 Feb 7;30(3):722-35. Epub 2009 Dec 7.

Department of Biology, York University, St., Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada.

In the "canonical" view of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling, Smad7 plays an inhibitory role. While Smad7 represses Smad3 activation by TGF-beta, it does not reverse the inhibitory effect of TGF-beta on myogenesis, suggesting a different function in myogenic cells. We previously reported a promyogenic role of Smad7 mediated by an interaction with MyoD. Based on this association, we hypothesized a possible nuclear function of Smad7 independent of its role at the level of the receptor. We therefore engineered a chimera of Smad7 with a nuclear localization signal (NLS), which serves to prevent and therefore bypass binding to the TGF-beta receptor while concomitantly constitutively localizing Smad7 to the nucleus. This Smad7-NLS did not repress Smad3 activation by TGF-beta but did retain its ability to enhance myogenic gene activation and phenotypic myogenesis, indicating that the nuclear, receptor-independent function of Smad7 is sufficient to promote myogenesis. Furthermore, Smad7 physically interacts with MyoD and antagonizes the repressive effects of active MEK on MyoD. Reporter and myogenic conversion assays indicate a pivotal regulation of MyoD transcriptional properties by the balance between Smad7 and active MEK. Thus, Smad7 has a nuclear coactivator function that is independent of TGF-beta signaling and necessary to promote myogenic differentiation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MCB.01005-09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2812228PMC
February 2010

Cardiotrophin-1 maintains the undifferentiated state in skeletal myoblasts.

J Biol Chem 2009 Jul 12;284(29):19679-93. Epub 2009 May 12.

Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada.

Skeletal myogenesis is potently regulated by the extracellular milieu of growth factors and cytokines. We observed that cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a member of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) family of cytokines, is a potent regulator of skeletal muscle differentiation. The normal up-regulation of myogenic marker genes, myosin heavy chain (MyHC), myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs), and myocyte enhancer factor 2s (MEF2s) were inhibited by CT-1 treatment. CT-1 also represses myogenin (MyoG) promoter activation. CT-1 activated two signaling pathways: signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), a component of the extracellular signal-regulated MAPK (ERK) pathway. In view of the known connection between CT-1 and STAT3 activation, we surprisingly found that pharmacological blockade of STAT3 activity had no effect on the inhibition of myogenesis by CT-1 suggesting that STAT3 signaling is dispensable for myogenic repression. Conversely, MEK inhibition potently reversed the inhibition of myotube formation and attenuated the repression of MRF transcriptional activity mediated by CT-1. Taken together, these data indicate that CT-1 represses skeletal myogenesis through interference with MRF activity by activation of MEK/ERK signaling. In agreement with these in vitro observations, exogenous systemic expression of CT-1 mediated by adenoviral vector delivery increased the number of myonuclei in normal post-natal mouse skeletal muscle and also delayed skeletal muscle regeneration induced by cardiotoxin injection. The expression pattern of CT-1 in embryonic and post-natal skeletal muscle and in vivo effects of CT-1 on myogenesis implicate CT-1 in the maintenance of the undifferentiated state in muscle progenitor cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.017319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2740593PMC
July 2009