Publications by authors named "Netana H Markovitz"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

End-of-Life Care for Older Adults with Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

J Palliat Med 2021 Nov 1. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) commonly affects older adults and is often treated with intensive therapies. Receipt of intensive therapies and absence of a clear transition between the curative and palliative phases of treatment yield prognostic uncertainty and risk for poor end-of-life (EOL) outcomes. However, data regarding the EOL outcomes of this population are lacking. We conducted a retrospective analysis of adults ≥65 years with aggressive NHL treated with systemic therapy at Massachusetts General Hospital from April 2000 to July 2020 who subsequently died. We abstracted patient and clinical characteristics and EOL outcomes from the medical record. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined factors associated with hospitalization within 30 days of death and hospice utilization. Among 91 patients (median age = 75 years; 37.4% female), 70.3% (64/91) were hospitalized, 34.1% (31/91) received systemic therapy, and 23.3% (21/90) had an intensive care unit admission within 30 days of death. The rates of palliative care consultation and hospice utilization were 47.7% (42/88) and 39.8% (35/88), respectively. More than half of patients (51.6%, 47/91) died in a hospital or health care facility. In multivariable analysis, elevated lactic acid dehydrogenase was associated with risk of hospitalization within 30 days of death (odds ratio [OR] 3.61,  = 0.014). Palliative care consultation (OR 4.45,  = 0.005) was associated with a greater likelihood of hospice utilization, whereas hypoalbuminemia (OR 0.29,  = 0.026) was associated with a lower likelihood of hospice utilization. Older adults with aggressive NHL often experience high health care utilization and infrequently utilize hospice care at the EOL. Our findings underscore the need for interventions to optimize the quality of EOL care for this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2021.0228DOI Listing
November 2021

Association of Social Support With Overall Survival and Healthcare Utilization in Patients With Aggressive Hematologic Malignancies.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2021 Oct 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

1Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital.

Background: Social support plays a crucial role for patients with aggressive hematologic malignancies as they navigate their illness course. The aim of this study was to examine associations of social support with overall survival (OS) and healthcare utilization in this population.

Methods: A cross-sectional secondary analysis was conducted using data from a prospective longitudinal cohort study of 251 hospitalized patients with aggressive hematologic malignancies at Massachusetts General Hospital from 2014 through 2017. Natural Language Processing (NLP) was used to identify the extent of patients' social support (limited vs adequate as defined by NLP-aided chart review of the electronic health record). Multivariable regression models were used to examine associations of social support with (1) OS, (2) death or readmission within 90 days of discharge from index hospitalization, (3) time to readmission within 90 days, and (4) index hospitalization length of stay.

Results: Patients had a median age of 64 years (range, 19-93 years), and most were White (89.6%), male (68.9%), and married (65.3%). A plurality of patients had leukemia (42.2%) followed by lymphoma (37.9%) and myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm (19.9%). Using NLP, we identified that 8.8% (n=22) of patients had limited social support. In multivariable analyses, limited social support was associated with worse OS (hazard ratio, 2.00; P=.042) and a higher likelihood of death or readmission within 90 days of discharge (odds ratio, 3.11; P=.043), but not with time to readmission within 90 days or with index hospitalization length of stay.

Conclusions: In this cohort of hospitalized patients with aggressive hematologic malignancies, we found associations of limited social support with lower OS and a higher likelihood of death or readmission within 90 days of hospital discharge. These findings underscore the utility of NLP for evaluating the extent of social support and the need for larger studies evaluating social support in patients with aggressive hematologic malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2021.7033DOI Listing
October 2021

Coping with COVID-19: medical students as strong and responsible stewards of their education.

Perspect Med Educ 2021 06 25;10(3):187-191. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, clinical rotations at the University of Michigan Medical School (UMMS) were suspended on March 17, 2020, per the Association of American Medical Colleges' recommendations. No alternative curriculum existed to fill the educational void for clinical students. The traditional approach to curriculum development was not feasible during the pandemic as faculty were redeployed to clinical care, and the immediate need for continued learning necessitated a new model.

Approach: One student developed an outline for an online course on pandemics based on peer-to-peer conversations regarding learners' interests and needs, and she proposed that students author the content given the immediate need for a curriculum. Fifteen student volunteers developed content to fill knowledge gaps, and expert faculty reviewers confirmed that the student authors had successfully curated a comprehensive curriculum.

Evaluation: The crowdsourced student content coalesced into a 40-hour curriculum required for all 371 clinical-level students at UMMS. This student-driven effort took just 17 days from outline to implementation, and the final product is a full course comprising five modules, multiple choice questions, discussion boards, and assignments. Learners were surveyed to gauge success, and 93% rated this content as relevant to all medical students.

Reflection: The successful implementation of this model for curriculum development, grounded in the Master Adaptive Learner framework, suggests that medical students can be entrusted as stewards of their own education. As we return to a post-pandemic "normal," this approach could be applied to the maintenance and de novo development of future curricula.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40037-021-00650-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7829638PMC
June 2021
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