Publications by authors named "Nesma Abdelaal"

2 Publications

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Cellular Therapy via Spermatogonial Stem Cells for Treating Impaired Spermatogenesis, Non-Obstructive Azoospermia.

Cells 2021 Jul 14;10(7). Epub 2021 Jul 14.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Male infertility is a major health problem affecting about 8-12% of couples worldwide. Spermatogenesis starts in the early fetus and completes after puberty, passing through different stages. Male infertility can result from primary or congenital, acquired, or idiopathic causes. The absence of sperm in semen, or azoospermia, results from non-obstructive causes (pretesticular and testicular), and post-testicular obstructive causes. Several medications such as antihypertensive drugs, antidepressants, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy could lead to impaired spermatogenesis and lead to a non-obstructive azoospermia. Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the basis for spermatogenesis and fertility in men. SSCs are characterized by their capacity to maintain the self-renewal process and differentiation into spermatozoa throughout the male reproductive life and transmit genetic information to the next generation. SSCs originate from gonocytes in the postnatal testis, which originate from long-lived primordial germ cells during embryonic development. The treatment of infertility in males has a poor prognosis. However, SSCs are viewed as a promising alternative for the regeneration of the impaired or damaged spermatogenesis. SSC transplantation is a promising technique for male infertility treatment and restoration of spermatogenesis in the case of degenerative diseases such as cancer, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. The process involves isolation of SSCs and cryopreservation from a testicular biopsy before starting cancer treatment, followed by intra-testicular stem cell transplantation. In general, treatment for male infertility, even with SSC transplantation, still has several obstacles. The efficiency of cryopreservation, exclusion of malignant cells contamination in cancer patients, and socio-cultural attitudes remain major challenges to the wider application of SSCs as alternatives. Furthermore, there are limitations in experience and knowledge regarding cryopreservation of SSCs. However, the level of infrastructure or availability of regulatory approval to process and preserve testicular tissue makes them tangible and accurate therapy options for male infertility caused by non-obstructive azoospermia, though in their infancy, at least to date.
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July 2021

Biological Activity, Apoptotic Induction and Cell Cycle Arrest of New Hydrazonoyl Halides Derivatives.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2019 ;19(9):1141-1149

Chemistry Department (Biotechnology- Biomolecular Chemistry Program), Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: The hydrazonoyl halides are presently an important target in the field of medicinal chemistry. The interest in the chemistry of hydrazonoyl halides is a consequence of the fact that they undergo a wide variety of reactions which provide routes to a myriad of both heterocyclic and acyclic compounds. In addition, they have diverse biological activities such as antiviral, anthelmintic, antiarthropodal, fungicidal, herbicidal, insecticidal, pesticidal, acaricidal and miticidal Activity correlated to the presence of hydrazonoyl halides. Moreover, many applications in both industrial and pharmaceutical fields have been found to be associated with these halides. Depending on the above facts and continuation to our work, we herein report on the evaluation of the anticancer activity of these two halides prepared according to the published work and trying to know their molecular mechanism that they proceed to stop proliferation and metastasis of tumor cells by molecular tools such as real time PCR using different apoptotic genes, and cell cycle assay.

Objective: The goal of this present study is to bring attention to the biological activities of hydrazonoyl halides and the molecular pathway they follow to exert their role in apoptotic death of cancer cell.

Methods: Synthesis of hydrazonoyl halides 2c and 2f. The cytotoxic effect against different human cancer cell lines PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines as MCF-10 and MCF-12 in a monolayer culture model was evaluated. Their mechanism of action inside cancer cell was evaluated using different molecular tools.

Conclusion: Strong and promising chemotherapeutic hydrazonoyl halides (2a-2f) were evaluated for their different biological activities. As antimicrobial agents, results indicated that three compounds 2a, 2e and 2f exhibited high activity against two tested gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and gram negative ones Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the rest of the compounds were found to be moderately active against the tested microorganisms. Regarding their antifungal effect, compound 2c exhibited potent and promising effect against Candida albicans, while 2b was the most potent toward Aspergillus flavus Link. The compound 2f has repellent effect. With respect to the in vitro antitumor screening, this was done on different human cancer cell lines; namely PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines; as MCF-10 and MCF-12 (normal breast epithelial cell and non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cell line) in a monolayer culture model where screening has been conducted at 100μg/ml (single dose test). Single dose test (100μg/ml) showed that, in case of PC3, all compounds have cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition, 4 compounds have cytotoxic activity with 100% inhibition with Human colon cancer cell line, 4 compounds showed over 90% inhibition with MCF7 cell line and 4 compounds showed cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition with HepG-2. Results of IC50 values for most promising compounds showed compounds with values lower than 20μM for all tested human cancer cell line. The promising hydrazonoyl halide 2c and 2f were selected for molecular study to know how they could act inside cancer cell causing death. Two biochemical tests were performed using the two halides 2c and 2f to predict their mechanism of action against breast carcinoma. Real time PCR analysis indicates that the two compounds induced the apoptosis of MCF7 cells through the up regulation of caspase-3, BAX mediated P53 mechanism but unfortunately, they promote the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL2. Also, cell cycle assay was performed using two different cell lines MCF7 and HCT116 and data revealed that the two compounds 2c and 2f induced apoptotic cells death of both lines via cell growth arrest at G2/M phase. In addition, it was noted that 2c induced arrest in the two lines more efficiently than 2f at G2/M phase.
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April 2020