Publications by authors named "Nematollah Razmi"

7 Publications

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A substitution mutation in LRP8 gene is significantly associated with susceptibility to familial myocardial infarction.

ARYA Atheroscler 2020 Nov;16(6):301-305

Assistant Professor, Department of Genetics, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran.

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a multifactorial disease caused by the suspension of blood circulation in a part of the myocardium. Understanding the genetic basis of MI can provide insight regarding the pathogenesis of the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pathogenic mutations and early-onset MI in five families with familial MI and without common MI risk factor.

Methods: Patients with MI younger than 50 years with family history of MI and without common diagnostic criteria (obesity, diabetes, familial hypercholesterolemia, opium/alcohol use) were evaluated for pathogenic mutations by whole exome sequencing (WES) and mutation was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-Sanger sequencing.

Results: The c.2855G > A missense mutation with homozygous autosomal recessive inheritance was identified in low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 8 (LRP8) gene in all patients of a family.

Conclusion: The c.2855G > A (R952Q) mutation in LRP8 gene in homozygous state could be considered as a possible etiology of early-onset familial MI.
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November 2020

Genetic analysis of early onset familial coronary artery diseases.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 25;4:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Feb 25.

Department of Genetics, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran.

Introduction: Coronary artery diseases (CAD) are the most common causes of death. Myocardial infarction (MI) is a complex multifactorial and the most severe type of CAD. Early onset MI in a first-degree relative could be defined as an independent risk factor for CAD. This study was performed to investigate the genetic cause of early onset familial CAD.

Material And Methods: In this study, the genetic cause of familial CAD was investigated in patients with a family history of CAD who underwent angiography before the age of 50 years. The patients did not have any diagnostic criteria for familial hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, or obesity, and also they were not opium or alcohol users. Whole exome sequencing in probands was performed and mutation was confirmed by PCR and Sanger sequencing.

Results: In our studied population, the c.501G>C (p.K167N) mutation in the gene was identified in a family. Mutation was confirmed by PCR and Sanger sequencing in the homozygous state (GG) in patients. Healthy individuals in this family were heterozygous (GC) and homozygous (CC).

Conclusions: This finding suggests that the gene could be a possible cause of early onset familial MI. Considering that parents of all affected individuals had a consanguineous marriage, it is important to perform carrier screening and genetic counseling in this family and their close relatives as a prevention strategy in populations at risk.
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February 2018

Genetic Polymorphism of HLA-G 14-bp Insertion/Deletion in Pancreas Transplant Recipients and Its Association With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Feb 31;19(2):154-159. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

From the Shiraz Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; and the Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: Human leukocyte antigen-G is an immuno-modulatory factor that affects acute allograft rejection and autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus. In this study, possible associations between human leukocyte antigen-G 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism and acute pancreas rejection were investigated.

Materials And Methods: Human leukocyte antigen-G genotyping was assessed in 102 Iranian pancreas transplant recipients (including 41 with acute rejection and 61 with nonacute rejection). Results were compared with 100 individuals in a normal control group.

Results: No significant differences in genotype frequencies of human leukocyte antigen-G 14-bp insertion / deletion were observed in recipients who had acute rejection episodes. On the other hand, the insertion / insertion genotype was a risk factor for susceptibility to type 1 diabetes mellitus (odds ratio = 3.82, 95% confidence interval, 1.37- 11.22; P = .005).

Conclusions: Our results provided evidence revealing that the human leukocyte antigen-G insertion / insertion genotype might be involved in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
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February 2021

Binding of Cimetidine to Balb/C Mouse Liver Catalase; Kinetics and Conformational Studies.

Curr Clin Pharmacol 2016 ;11(1):21-7

BioResearch Lab, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, GC, Tehran, Iran.

Catalase is responsible for converting hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into water and oxygen in cells. This enzyme has high affinity for hydrogen peroxide and can protect the cells from oxidative stress damage. Catalase is a tetramer protein and each monomer contains a heme group. Cimetidine is a histamine H2 receptor blocker which inhibits acid release from stomach and is used for gasterointestinal diseases. In this research, effect of cimetidine on the activity of liver catalase was studied and the kinetic parameters of this enzyme and its conformational changes were investigated. Cell free extract of mouse liver was used for the catalase assay. The activity of the catalase was detected in the absence and presence of cimetidine by monitoring hydrogen peroxide reduction absorbance at 240 nm. The purified enzyme was used for conformational studies by Fluorescence spectrophotometry. The data showed that cimetidine could inhibit the enzyme in a non-competitive manner. Ki and IC50 values of the drug were determined to be about 0.75 and 0.85 uM, respectively. The Arrhenius plot showed that activation energy was 6.68 and 4.77 kJ/mol in the presence and absence of the drug, respectively. Fluorescence spectrophotometry revealed that the binding of cimetidine to the purified enzyme induced hyperchromicity and red shift which determined the conformational change on the enzyme. Cimetidine could non-competitively inhibit the liver catalase with high affinity. Binding of cimetidine to the enzyme induced conformational alteration in the enzyme.
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December 2016

Evaluation of immunodominant proteins of Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis cell wall by Western blot analysis.

Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother 2014 Apr;33(2):101-8

1 Department of Biochemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University , Fars, Iran .

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (M. paratuberculosis) is a slow growing mycobactin, whose dependence on mycobacterial species is known to be the causative agent of Johne's disease (paratuberculosis) in all species of domestic ruminants worldwide. The organism is transmitted via close contact, ingestion, or transplacentally from mother to fetus and occurs commonly in grazing domestic animals. Johne's disease (JD) is characterized by gradual weight loss, decreased milk production, and diarrhea due to the chronic, progressive, granulomatous enteritis and lymphadenitis. The disease can cause serious economic damage to the dairy industry due to the loss of milk production and early culling of infected animals. In recent years, researchers have focused on the identification of a specific antigen of M. paratuberculosis to use in diagnosis test and preparation of effective vaccine. The goal of this study is evaluation of the immunodominant proteins of M. paratuberculosis cell wall. The amount of protein was determined with a Lowry assay (22.68 μg/100 μL). For production of polyclonal antibody against proteins of M. paratuberculosis cell wall, a New Zealand white rabbit was immunized with antigen and Freund's adjuvant. After immunization, the rabbit was bled to produce enriched serum. Antibodies were purified from serum with ion exchange chromatography. In the Ouchterlony test, the reactions between antigen and antibodies were seen in dilutions of one quarter for serum, one quarter for Ig, and one half for IgG by clear precipitation lines due to the well immunization of the rabbit. Electrophoresis and Western blot analysis were used and subsequently a sharp band appeared in nitrocellulose paper; these bands were about 25, 37, 50, 75, and 150 kDa molecular weight, which indicated immunodominant proteins.
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April 2014

Role of music in morphine rewarding effects in mice using conditioned place preference method.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2012 ;33(7):709-12

Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, Iran.

Objectives: This research aims at studying the neuroendocrine effects of music on creating morphine dependence in mice using conditioned place preference (CPP).

Methods: The mice treated with 10 mg/kg morphine subcutaneously, fast music and slow music. Morphine was used to create dependence. In order to recognize the morphine rewarding effects, CPP technique was used. In the conditioning stage that lasted for 8 days, different groups of mice, after receiving the treatment were randomly placed in compartment for 30 minutes. The post-conditioning stage included the fourth day, the ninth day, the 12th day and the 16th day.

Results: Comparing place preference between morphine group and the control group, a significant increase (p<0.05) was observed in the place preference of morphine group, while a significant decrease (p<0.05) was demonstrated in the place preferences of morphine + taxi girl music group compared with morphine group alone. In addition morphine + alone in the rain music group demonstrated a significantly increased conditioned place preference (p<0.05) compared with the morphine group.

Conclusions: Alone in the rain music acts as a positive pleasant emotion increasing the dopaminergic activity in the Nucleus Accumbens (NAc) and Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) and through associated learning mechanisms of reward-related behavior increases morphine addiction. However, taxi girl music may act as unpleasant experiences producing negative emotions and reducing morphine addiction.
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April 2013

Arginase alteration in the reproductive system of alloxan-diabetic dogs.

J Reprod Dev 2007 Apr 20;53(2):317-21. Epub 2006 Dec 20.

Department of Physiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

This study was conducted to evaluate possible alteration in the activity of arginase, an important enzyme of cell proliferation and vascular smooth muscle contraction regulator in diabetics, that may be correlated with low fertility in diabetic patients. In this investigation, 6 apparently healthy adult male dogs were selected and divided in two groups, diabetics and non-diabetics. Diabetes mellitus was induced in one group by intravenous (IV) injection of alloxan (100 mg/kg). Dogs with a fasting blood glucose (FBS) of more than 200 mg/dl were considered to be diabetic. Four weeks following induction of diabetes mellitus, the animals in both groups were anesthetized by an IV injection of sodium thiopental. Livers and whole reproductive systems, including the testes, penis, urethra, and prostate, were dissected. The epididymides, corpus cavernosum, corpus spongiosum, penile urethra, and vas deferens were also dissected and removed from the reproductive system. Arginase activity and total protein were measured by the urea and Lowry's methods respectively in above mentioned sections. Plasma testosterone was determined by the radioimmunoassay method. The results showed significantly (P<0.05) increased arginase specific activity (ASA) in the liver, epididymis, prostate, corpus cavernosum and corpus spongiosum of the diabetic dogs. In the reproductive system of the diabetic dog, the maximum and minimum ASA was seen in the corpus cavernosum and testes, respectively (105.12 +/- 8.76 vs. 25.0 +/- 0.55). No such variation was observed in the ASA of normal dogs (39.0 +/- 5.47 vs. 25.0 +/- 5.47). There was no significant difference in plasma testosterone level between the groups. In conclusion, diabetes increased the ASA in liver, prostate, epididymis, corpora cavernosa, and corpora spongiosum of the male dogs and may contribute to erectile dysfunction or low fertility in diabetics.
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April 2007