Publications by authors named "Neethu Latha"

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Randomized clinical trial of zirconia and polyetheretherketone implant abutments for single-tooth implant restorations: A 5-year evaluation.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Assistant Professor, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Statement Of Problem: Titanium-supported polyetheretherketone (PEEK) abutments provide an economic alternative to zirconia abutments in esthetically important areas. Research comparing the performance regarding esthetics, longevity, and biologic parameters of PEEK abutments is lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to determine whether PEEK implant abutments provide similar esthetic and biologic parameters and survival rates as zirconia implant abutments.

Material And Methods: Forty participants (age 20 to 50 years) receiving maxillary anterior and premolar implants were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups: Group PEEK (20 titanium-supported PEEK abutments) and group ZIR (20 zirconia abutments). Both groups were restored with pressed lithium disilicate ceramic crowns. Technical, biologic, and esthetic evaluation was performed at baseline and at 1, 3, and 5 years. The probing pocket depth, plaque control record, and bleeding on probing were recorded at the abutments (test) and compared with those at the corresponding contralateral teeth (control) and also between the 2 test groups. Standardized digital radiographs of the implants were made, and the bone level was recorded with the implant shoulder as the reference on the mesial and distal sides. The color difference between the peri-implant mucosa and control teeth gingiva and the discoloration of the implant crowns were determined with a spectrophotometer. The Student unpaired t test and repeated-measure ANOVA were used to statistically analyze the data (α=.05).

Results: From the 5-year evaluation, both PEEK and zirconia abutments with ceramic crowns showed 100% survival rate without any fracture or restoration loss. Differences in the biologic parameters of zirconia and PEEK abutments were statistically similar: mean probing pocket depth (group ZIR: 2.32 ±0.50 mm, group PEEK: 2.13 ±0.60 mm); mean plaque control record (group ZIR: 0.19 ±0.19, group PEEK: 0.15 ±0.17); and mean bleeding on probing (group ZIR: 0.12 ±0.11, group PEEK: 0.08 ±0.12). The mean marginal bone loss at 5 years was similar for implants supporting zirconia and PEEK abutments: mean mesial bone level (group ZIR: 1.8 ±0.5 mm; group PEEK: 1.9 ±0.6 mm), and mean distal bone level (group ZIR: 1.7 ±0.6 mm, group PEEK: 1.8 ±0.3 mm). The initial color difference (ΔE) between the peri-implant mucosa and gingiva of the analogous contralateral teeth diminished over time. No discoloration of the definitive restoration supported by PEEK or zirconia was detected over 5 years.

Conclusions: At the 5-year evaluation, zirconia and PEEK abutments exhibited the same survival rate with similar biologic and esthetic outcomes.
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April 2021