Publications by authors named "Neda Mohtasham"

4 Publications

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A cross-sectional multicenter linkage study of hospital admissions and mortality due to methanol poisoning in Iranian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Rep 2022 06 13;12(1):9741. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A methanol poisoning outbreak occurred in Iran during the initial months of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of the outbreak in terms of hospitalizations and deaths. A cross-sectional linkage study was conducted based on the hospitalization data collected from thirteen referral toxicology centers throughout Iran as well as mortality data obtained from the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization (LMO). Patient data were extracted for all cases aged > 19 years with toxic alcohol poisoning during the study period from February until June 2020. A total of 795 patients were hospitalized due to methanol poisoning, of whom 84 died. Median [interquartile ratio; IQR] age was 32 [26, 40] years (range 19-91 years). Patients had generally ingested alcohol for recreational motives (653, 82.1%) while 3.1% (n = 25) had consumed alcohol-based hand sanitizers to prevent or cure COVID-19 infection. Age was significantly lower in survivors than in non-survivors (P < 0.001) and in patients without sequelae vs. with sequelae (P = 0.026). Twenty non-survivors presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score > 8, six of whom were completely alert on presentation to the emergency departments. The time from alcohol ingestion to hospital admission was not significantly different between provinces. In East Azerbaijan province, where hemodialysis was started within on average 60 min of admission, the rate of sequelae was 11.4% (compared to 19.6% average of other provinces)-equivalent to a reduction of the odds of sequelae by 2.1 times [95% CI 1.2, 3.7; p = 0.009]. Older patients were more prone to fatal outcome and sequelae, including visual disturbances. Early arrival at the hospital can facilitate timely diagnosis and treatment and may reduce long-term morbidity from methanol poisoning. Our data thus suggest the importance of raising public awareness of the risks and early symptoms of methanol intoxication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-14007-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9189800PMC
June 2022

COVID-19 pandemic and methanol poisoning outbreak in Iranian children and adolescents: A data linkage study.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 09 6;45(9):1853-1863. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: During the first wave of COVID-19, many Iranians were poisoned by ingesting hand sanitizers and/or alcoholic beverages to avoid viral infection. To assess whether the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in an increased prevalence of accidental hand sanitizer/alcoholic beverage exposure in children and adolescents, we compared pediatric hospitalization rates during COVID-19 and the previous year. For poisoning admissions during COVID-19, we also evaluated the cause by age and clinical outcomes.

Methods: This retrospective data linkage study evaluated data from the Legal Medicine Organization (reporting mortalities) and hospitalization data from nine toxicology referral centers for alcohol-poisoned patients (age 0 to 18 years) for the study period (February 23 to June 22, 2020) and the pre-COVID-19 reference period (same dates in 2019).

Results: Hospitalization rates due to ethanol and methanol exposure were significantly higher in 2020 (n = 375) than 2019 (n = 202; OR [95% CI] 1.9 [1.6, 2.2], p < 0.001). During COVID-19, in patients ≤15 years, the odds of intoxication from hand sanitizers were significantly higher than from alcoholic beverages, while in 15- to 18-year-olds, alcoholic beverage exposure was 6.7 times more common (95% CI 2.8, 16.1, p < 0.001). Of 375 children/adolescents hospitalized for alcoholic beverage and hand sanitizer exposure in 2020, six did not survive. The odds of fatal outcome were seven times higher in 15- to 18-year-olds (OR (95% CI) 7.0 (2.4, 20.1); p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The Iranian methanol poisoning outbreak during the first wave of COVID-19 was associated with significantly increased hospitalization rates among children and adolescents-including at least six pediatric in-hospital deaths from poisoning. Public awareness needs to be raised of the risks associated with ingesting alcoholic hand sanitizers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8653331PMC
September 2021

Role of Calcium to Citrate Ratio in Predicting Stone Formation in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria Children (2-12 Years Old).

J Ren Nutr 2019 03 12;29(2):97-101. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Objective: Considering the predictive role of the relatively low urinary citrate for stone formation, especially in hypercalciuric patients, this study is aimed at comparing urine calcium to citrate (Ca/Cit) ratio in 3 groups of children, including patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria with and without renal stone as well as the healthy children.

Methods: This study was carried out on 96 children (2 to 12 years old) referred to a pediatric nephrology clinic in the city of Ahvaz, Southwest Iran. All the children underwent renal ultrasonography, urinalysis, and measurement of random nonfasting urine Ca, Cr, and citrate. Those with secondary hypercalciuria, urinary tract malformations, and/or functional abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract were excluded from the study.

Results: The mean Ca/Cit. ratio (mg/mg) in the three groups, including children with hypercalciuric with and without renal stones and the healthy children (control group), was 0.44 ± 0.14, 0.39 ± 0.13, and 0.19 ± 0.08, respectively, which showed a significant difference (P < .001). There was also a significant difference in Ca/Cit ratio between the first and the control group by Tukey's range test (P < .001). Mean urinary Ca/Cit ratio in those with a positive family history of urolithiasis within three groups was 0.42 ± 0.17 and in those with a negative family history was 0.32 ± 0.16 (P = .013). Mean Ca/Cit. ratio (mg/mg) of 0.25 showed a sensitivity of 90.6% (confidence interval: 75.7-96.7%) and a specificity of 81.2% (confidence interval: 64.7-91.1%) to differentiate between the renal stone group and the control group.

Conclusion: High Ca/Cit ratio can predict stones formation in hypercalciuric patients, especially in those with a positive family history of urolithiasis. The present study found the cutoff level of 0.25 for Ca/Cit. ratio as the highest prognostic value for renal stone formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2018.08.005DOI Listing
March 2019

One-Pot Green Regioselesctive Synthesis of γ-Lactones from Epoxides and Ketene Silyl Acetals Using 1,3-Dimethylimidazolium Fluoride as a Recoverable Metal-Free Catalyst.

Molecules 2017 Aug 28;22(9). Epub 2017 Aug 28.

Pediatric Division, Abuzar Children's Medical Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 14536-33143, Iran.

In a straightforward and fast protocol, a mixture of 1,3-dimethylimidazolium fluoride ([DMIM]F) and 1-butylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Hbim]BF₄) efficiently catalyzed the reaction of epoxides with ketene silyl acetals (KSA) to give various γ-lactones under metal-free conditions. Diverse kinds of the desired γ-lactones were directly prepared with high regioselectivities and yields in a simple one-pot procedure using [DMIM]F as Si-O bond activator and [Hbim]BF₄ as solvent and acidic ionic liquid catalyst. The ionic liquid mixture was recovered and reused three times and no loss in its activity was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules22091385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151549PMC
August 2017
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