Publications by authors named "Nazlisadat Meshinchi Asl"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Massive Transfusion Protocols in Obstetric Hemorrhage: Theory versus Reality.

Am J Perinatol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Depatment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective:  Massive transfusion protocols are widely implemented in obstetrical practice in case of severe hemorrhage; however, different recommendations exist regarding the appropriate ratios of blood product components to be transfused. We report our extensive experience with massive component transfusion in a referral center in which the standard massive transfusion protocol is modified by ongoing clinical and laboratory evaluation.

Study Design:  A retrospective chart review of all patients who had massive transfusion protocol activation in a level 4 referral center for obstetrical practice was performed from January 2014 to January 2020. Data collected included the etiology of obstetrical hemorrhage, number of blood products of each type transfused, crystalloid infusion, and several indices of maternal morbidity and mortality. Data are presented with descriptive statistics.

Results:  A total of 62 patients had massive transfusion protocol activation, of which 97% received blood products. Uterine atony was found to be the most common etiology for massive hemorrhage (34%), followed by placenta accreta spectrum (32%). The mean estimated blood loss was 1,945 mL. A mean of 6.5 units of packed red blood cells, 14.8 units of fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitate, and 8.3 units of platelets were transfused per patient. No maternal deaths were seen.

Conclusion:  The ratios of transfused packed red blood cell to fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate and of packed red blood cell to platelet units varied significantly from the fixed initial infusion ratio called for by our massive transfusion protocol resulting in universally favorable maternal outcomes. When rapid laboratory evaluation of hematologic and clotting parameters is available, careful use of this information may facilitate safe modification of an initial fixed transfusion ratio based on etiology of the hemorrhage and individual patient response.

Key Points: · Massive transfusion protocols in obstetrics follow fixed ratios of blood products.. · Actual usage of blood components is different than the standardized protocols.. · We recommend to modify the initial fixed transfusion ratio according to clinical response..
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1728833DOI Listing
May 2021

Placenta Accreta Spectrum: Correlation between FIGO Clinical Classification and Histopathologic Findings.

Am J Perinatol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Objective:  Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) covers a wide spectrum of placental adherence/invasion with varied clinical significance. Histopathologic examination is considered the confirmatory gold standard, but is only obtained sometime after definitive treatment. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) has published a new clinical classification that can be assigned at delivery, and we aimed to investigate the association between this new FIGO classification and histopathology and also to assess its correlation with maternal outcomes.

Study Design:  We studied a retrospective cohort of 185 subjects with histopathologically proven PAS managed at our referral center between September 2012 and January 2019. Two experienced surgeons retrospectively reviewed charts and assigned the FIGO grading based on findings reported at delivery. A third experienced reviewer adjudicated to determine the classification used for final analysis. Categorical outcomes were compared with the use of chi-squared and the Fisher exact test, as appropriate. A multivariate model was designed to adjust outcomes in different FIGO groups for the involvement of a formal multidisciplinary management team.

Results:  Among 185 subjects, there were 41 (22%) placenta accreta, 44 (24%) placenta increta, and 100 (54%) placenta percreta on histopathology. The inter-rater reliability was found to be substantial with Kappa = 0.661 ( < 0.001), and 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.449-0.872. There was a significant association between all histopathology groupings and the FIGO clinical classification ( < 0.001). However, we found no association between FIGO classifications and maternal complications.

Conclusion:  The new FIGO clinical classification is strongly associated with histopathologic findings. A better understanding of the depth and extent of invasion as afforded by the clinical classification system will help standardize reporting and future research.

Key Points: · PAS includes a wide spectrum of placental invasion with varied clinical significance.. · Histopathological examination is considered the confirmatory gold standard.. · The new FIGO clinical classification is strongly associated with histopathologic findings..
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1728834DOI Listing
May 2021