Publications by authors named "Nazanin Mobini"

2 Publications

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A hybrid (iron-fat-water) phantom for liver iron overload quantification in the presence of contaminating fat using magnetic resonance imaging.

MAGMA 2020 Jun 16;33(3):385-392. Epub 2019 Nov 16.

Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Assessment of iron content in the liver is crucial for diagnosis/treatment of iron-overload diseases. Nonetheless, T*-based methods become challenging when fat and iron are simultaneously present. This study proposes a phantom design concomitantly containing various concentrations of iron and fat suitable for devising accurate simultaneous T* and fat quantification technique.

Materials And Methods: A 46-vial iron-fat-water phantom with various iron concentrations covering clinically relevant T* relaxation time values, from healthy to severely overloaded liver and wide fat percentages ranges from 0 to 100% was prepared. The phantom was constructed using insoluble iron (II, III) oxide powder containing microscale particles. T*-weighted imaging using multi-gradient-echo (mGRE) sequence, and chemical shift imaging spin-echo (CSI-SE) Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) data were considered for the analysis. T* relaxation times and fat fractions were extracted from the MR signals to explore the effects of fat and iron overload.

Results: Size distribution of iron oxide particles for Magnetite fits with a lognormal function with a mean size of about 1.17 µm. Comparison of FF color maps, estimated from bi- and mono-exponential model indicated that single-T* fitting model resulted in lower NRMSD. Therefore, T* values from the mono-exponential signal equation were used and expressed the relationship between relaxation time value across all iron (Fe) and fat concentration as [Formula: see text], with R-squared = 0.89.

Discussion: The proposed phantom design with microsphere iron particles closely simulated the single-T* behavior of fatty iron-overloaded liver in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10334-019-00795-7DOI Listing
June 2020

Liquid Calibration Phantoms in Ultra-Low-Dose QCT for the Assessment of Bone Mineral Density.

J Clin Densitom 2020 Jan - Mar;23(1):108-116. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Medical Physics Department, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Cortical bone is affected by metabolic diseases. Some studies have shown that lower cortical bone mineral density (BMD) is related to increases in fracture risk which could be diagnosed by quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Nowadays, hybrid iterative reconstruction-based (HIR) computed tomography (CT) could be helpful to quantify the peripheral bone tissue. A key focus of this paper is to evaluate liquid calibration phantoms for BMD quantification in the tibia and under hybrid iterative reconstruction-based-CT with the different hydrogen dipotassium phosphate (KHPO) concentrations phantoms.

Methodology: Four ranges of concentrations of KHPO were made and tested with 2 exposure settings. Accuracy of the phantoms with ash gravimetry and intermediate KHPO concentration as hypothetical patients were evaluated. The correlations and mean differences between measured equivalent QCT BMD and ash density as a gold standard were calculated. Relative percentage error (RPE) in CT numbers of each concentration over a 6-mo period was reported.

Results: The correlation values (R was close to 1.0), suggested that the precision of QCT-BMD measurements using standard and ultra-low dose settings were similar for all phantoms. The mean differences between QCT-BMD and the ash density for low concentrations (about 93 mg/cm) were lower than high concentration phantoms with 135 and 234 mg/cm biases. In regard to accuracy test for hypothetical patient, RPE was up to 16.1% for the low concentration (LC) phantom for the case of high mineral content. However, the lowest RPE (0.4 to 1.8%) was obtained for the high concentration (HC) phantom, particularly for the high mineral content case. In addition, over 6 months, the KHPO concentrations increased 25% for 50 mg/cm solution and 0.7 % for 1300 mg/cm solution in phantoms.

Conclusion: The excellent linear correlations between the QCT equivalent density and the ash density gold standard indicate that QCT can be used with submilisivert radiation dose. We conclude that using liquid calibration phantoms with a range of mineral content similar to that being measured will minimize bias. Finally, we suggest performing BMD measurements with ultra-low dose scan concurrent with iterative-based reconstruction to reduce radiation exposure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019