Publications by authors named "Navid Khosravi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A cross-sectional multicenter linkage study of hospital admissions and mortality due to methanol poisoning in Iranian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Rep 2022 06 13;12(1):9741. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A methanol poisoning outbreak occurred in Iran during the initial months of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of the outbreak in terms of hospitalizations and deaths. A cross-sectional linkage study was conducted based on the hospitalization data collected from thirteen referral toxicology centers throughout Iran as well as mortality data obtained from the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization (LMO). Patient data were extracted for all cases aged > 19 years with toxic alcohol poisoning during the study period from February until June 2020. A total of 795 patients were hospitalized due to methanol poisoning, of whom 84 died. Median [interquartile ratio; IQR] age was 32 [26, 40] years (range 19-91 years). Patients had generally ingested alcohol for recreational motives (653, 82.1%) while 3.1% (n = 25) had consumed alcohol-based hand sanitizers to prevent or cure COVID-19 infection. Age was significantly lower in survivors than in non-survivors (P < 0.001) and in patients without sequelae vs. with sequelae (P = 0.026). Twenty non-survivors presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score > 8, six of whom were completely alert on presentation to the emergency departments. The time from alcohol ingestion to hospital admission was not significantly different between provinces. In East Azerbaijan province, where hemodialysis was started within on average 60 min of admission, the rate of sequelae was 11.4% (compared to 19.6% average of other provinces)-equivalent to a reduction of the odds of sequelae by 2.1 times [95% CI 1.2, 3.7; p = 0.009]. Older patients were more prone to fatal outcome and sequelae, including visual disturbances. Early arrival at the hospital can facilitate timely diagnosis and treatment and may reduce long-term morbidity from methanol poisoning. Our data thus suggest the importance of raising public awareness of the risks and early symptoms of methanol intoxication.
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June 2022

Comparison of Two Naloxone Regimens in Opioid-dependent Methadoneoverdosed Patients: A Clinical Trial Study.

Curr Clin Pharmacol 2017 ;12(4):259-265

Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center; Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Methadone toxicity is one of the major causes of death in opioiddependent individuals.

Objective: We aimed to compare two different protocols of naloxone administration in terms of reversal of overdose signs and symptoms and frequency of complications in opioid-dependent methadone-intoxicated patients.

Method: One-hundred opioid-dependent patients with signs/symptoms of methadone overdose were included. The patients were consecutively assigned into Tintinalli (group 1) or Goldfrank regimen protocol (group 2) of naloxone administration. Group 1 received naloxone with the dose 0.1 mg given every two to three minutes while group 2 received naloxone with the initial dose of 0.04 mg increasing to 0.4, 2, and 10 mg every two to three minutes to reverse respiratory depression. They were then compared regarding reversal of toxicity and risk of development of complications.

Results: The time to reversal of the overdose signs/symptoms was significantly less in Goldfrank regimen protocol (P<0.001). Frequency of withdrawal syndrome and recurrence of respiratory depression were not significantly different between the two groups. Aspiration pneumonia and intubation were more frequent in group 2, as well.

Conclusion: It seems that gradual titration of naloxone by Tintinalli protocol can reduce major complications compared to the Goldfrank regimen. However, this protocol was not perfect in opioid-dependent methadone-overdosed patients, either, since it could induce complications, as well. We may need new protocols in overdosed opioid-dependent patients.
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April 2019

The value of the anthropometric parameters of the tibia in the forensic identification of the Iranian population over the age of 20.

J Forensic Leg Med 2011 Aug 31;18(6):257-63. Epub 2011 May 31.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poursina St., Keshavarz Blvd., Tehran 1417613151, Iran.

Objective: Tibia is one of the bones which can be applied in sex determination in addition to its successful role in determination of stature. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of anthropometric parameters of the tibia in forensic identification.

Materials And Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of anthropometric parameters of the tibia was done by Legal Medicine Organization of Tehran, Iran studying Iranian population over the age of 20 during 2009 and 2010.

Results: This study covered four aspects of tibias of 80 fresh Iranian cadavers, 40 men and 40 women, including the maximum lateromedial length, medial length, proximal width, and the distal width. The study showed that genders can be distinguished using the lateromedial length with 90% sensitivity and 80% specificity, the medial length with 90% sensitivity and 85% specificity, the proximal width with 85% sensitivity and 87.5% specificity, and the distal width with 67.5% sensitivity and 75% specificity.

Conclusion: In order to determine the relationships between the diverse aspects of tibia, the correlations between different dimensions of tibia were examined, resulting in the regression equations between its length and width.
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August 2011