Publications by authors named "Navid Emami"

2 Publications

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Antimycobacterial activity assessment of three ethnobotanical plants against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis: An In Vitro study.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2016 Dec 27;5 Suppl 1:S108-S109. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Infectious Diseases Research Center (IDRC), Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Objective/background: Resistances to herbal medicines are still not defined and finding natural remedies against drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) has research priority. The antimycobacterial susceptibility method for herbal extracts is unclearly defined and there is no standard method for assessment of the materials against bacteria. In the present study, time kill of three medicinal plants was determined against MTB.

Methods: The clinical isolate of MTB from a patient who harbored confirmed tuberculosis was used in the study. Aqueous extracts of Aloe vera leaves, mint, and Hypericum perforatum were prepared using reflux distillation. Disk diffusion methods were conducted in Petri dishes and McCartney bottles containing Löwenstein-Jensen medium to measure the sensitivity of plant extracts in serial concentrations of 0.25-8mg/mL. A pour plate method was performed by mixing 0.7mL of each concentration of extract in 5mL Löwenstein-Jensen medium followed by surface culturing of MTB fresh cells. The time kill method was conducted by bacterial suspension in equal amounts of the extract and viable evaluation in fresh culture at the beginning, and at 24-h, 48-h, 72-h, and 1-week intervals. All cultures were incubated at 37°C for 4weeks. Inoculum concentrations were considered as a variable.

Results: The zones of inhibition of A. vera, H. perforatum, and mint extracts in the disk diffusion method in McCartney bottles were 60mm, 41mm, and zero, respectively, but Petri dishes did not have repeatable results. In the pour plate method, an extract concentration up to 1mg/mL could inhibit cell growth. In mint extract, colony forming was four times more than the others at 0.5mg/mL. Time kill of 95% of cells occurred when exposed to extracts of A. vera and H. perforatum separately, but was 50% in 24 h and 20% in 10 min. The time kill for mint was 95% in 1week.

Conclusion: The results give some scientific basis to the use of plant extracts for growth control of MTB cells. Clinical trials are recommended for assessment of the extract as complementary medicine, as well as for antisepsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.10.025DOI Listing
December 2016

Genetics study and transmission electron microscopy of pili in susceptible and resistant clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Asian Pac J Trop Med 2014 Sep;7S1:S199-203

Tuberculosis and Pediatric Infectious Resaerch Center, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Objective: To study genetic bases and morphology of pili in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis).

Methods: PCR and sequencing were used to investigate two related pili, Mtp and Flp genes in clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis. The primers were designed and PCR program were set for whole genes amplification. PCR products of the two genes from all isolates were sequenced by an applied biosystems apparatus and the results were analysed by online software. In the other hands, harvested cells from fresh cultures of isolates were undergoing specific sample preparation for sectional and negative staining for transmission electron microscopy.

Results: Electrophoresis revealed two specific bonds of 361 bp for Mtp and 150 bp for Flp genes and confirmed primer and PCR conditions designing. There were not any mutations in sequencing results of Mtp and Flp in comparison with reference sequence. Transmission electron microscopy examination revealed two distinct types of pili in the isolates as a bundle-forming pilus and rope-like pilus. From total investigated cells, 10% harbored pili in their structure.

Conclusions: Two genes of pili in all clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis were conserved and two morphological types of pili were detected. We proposed that by targeting pili proteins by a suitable inhibitor, it could affect the pathogenesis especially in resistant forms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60232-7DOI Listing
September 2014