Institute of Gerontology
Head of Lab.
Kyiv | Ukraine
Main Specialties: Epidemiology
Additional Specialties: demography, epidemiology
181PubMed Central Citations
Lancet 2014 Sep 2;384(9947):957-79. Epub 2014 May 2.
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
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MPIDR Working Paper, 14 June 2006
MPIDR Working Paper
Since 1997, the State Committee of Statistics of the Ukraine has been in charge the collection and primary processing of population statistics. It was founded on 29 July 1997 by decree №734/97 of the President of Ukraine. The State Committee of Statistics has 25 regional and 495 district subdivisions that collect census and micro-census data at the regional level as well as conducting various statistical surveys. The information about individual life events (births, marriages, divorces and deaths) is collected by the bureaus of civil status registration. They do not belong to the structure of the statistical organization and are included in the structure of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine. Population statistics in the Ukraine has a long history and stable tradition. The first surveys/micro-censuses were conducted in some regions of the Ukraine in the mid-19th century. However, they were spontaneous and didn’t have a strong statistical basis. The first official population census in the Ukraine was conducted in 1897 as part of the first general population census of the Russian Empire. The demographic development of the Ukraine in the 20th and beginning of the 21st century was affected by long and short-term factors. The first one was global changes in overall population trends. The short term factors include crisis events: World War I and the subsequent civil war and epidemics (1914-1919), famine in 1923 and 1932-1933, mass repressions in 1930s, World War II (1939-45), population deportation since the 1940s, and famine in 1947. Mesle et al. (2003) estimated mortality during 1920-40 in the Ukraine using acts of civil status, censuses of 1926,1937, 1939, and 1959, population figures of forcibly displaced persons, and statistics of “GULAG”. This study demonstrates population losses and shows an increase of mortality during this time. During 1914-1920, the population losses in the Ukraine were between 3 and 4 million (in total). For 1929-1939, it was 4.6 million. Total population losses of the Ukraine in 1929-1959 were 13.8 million as result of social catastrophes and huge migration during new lands reclamation in Kazakhstan. Demographic catastrophes in the first half of 20th century had a great influence on population structure and reproduction indices as well as on the social and economic development of the Ukraine. The materials from the 1897, 1920 and 1926 censuses can be found in the State archives of Russia. M.V. Ptoukha (1960) and Y.A. Kortchak- Chepurkovskiy (1928) republished some of these data. The results from the “repressed” census of 1937 were published and became publicly available only in 1989 (Thaplin, 1989). Since the 1920s, Ukrainian population statistics can be considered the best in the USSR. Nevertheless, its quality is not reliable before 1959. Moreover, the construction of a continuous series through war is not possible for the Ukraine. Data for 1959-1969 has a better quality but should be used with caution (see “Data Quality Issues” section for details). The first census after the Second World War was conducted in the Ukraine on 15 January 1959 as part of the USSR population census. Subsequent censuses were conducted every 10 years: 15 January 1970, 17 January 1979, and 12 January 1989. Only the 1959 and 1970 censuses were published and became widely available. The materials from the 1979 and 1989 censuses were published as special statistical collections with the restriction “for service use only.” After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the first Ukrainian population census was carried out on 5 December 2001. The results of this census were published in entirety and are available as a special statistical collection in the electronic and printed form. The inter-censal population estimates were published first in 1988 and since 1991 have been published annually as the collections of the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Currently, vital statistics are compiled by State Committee of Statistics based on data from the bureaus of civil status registration. Before 1988, only crude birth and death rates were freely available to the society. Other information was spread across various institutions in the form of special collections for service use only. Since 1993, vital statistics data have been published annually in “Population of Ukraine.” Under the same title, the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine - in collaboration with the Institute of Demography and Social Studies - publishes the annual analytic reports since 2003.
Population Bulletin of the United Nations Special Issue Nos . 42/43 ! 2001
The paper describes changes in the living arrangements of older persons in Ukraine during the country’s political, social and economic crises. As a result of these crises, the situation of the older population has worsened. Within the past decade, population ageing in Ukraine has increased, mainly owing to the continuing decrease in fertility rates. The number of persons aged 60 years or older continued to grow, and they made up 19.5 per cent of the total population in 1998. Increases in the cost of living, inflation and low pensions have led to a larger gap between the economic provision of pensioners and the changing living standards of the working population. The lack of employment opportunities for older workers has aggravated the situation. The absolute number of workers aged 60 and over declined from 1.0 million people in 1989 to 0.6 million in 1995. Housing conditions were poor: fewer than half the older population lived in dwellings with connections to piped water and only about 40 per cent had access to hygienic sewage disposal. This gloomy social and economic context is worsened by two additional factors. First, the role of the family as providers of care for older persons has weakened during the past decade. This holds true particularly in rural areas, where older persons are most likely to live alone. Secondly, there is clear evidence of deteriorating health conditions among older persons, which is reflected in the sharp reduction of life expectancy at age 60. Unfortunately, the present economic situation does not allow the delivery of appropriate health and social welfare services to the older persons who need them. In the final section, the paper explores alternative public interventions to improve the economic, social and health status of the older population.