Publications by authors named "Natalie P Hartenbaum"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Obstructive sleep apnea screening, diagnosis, and treatment in the transportation industry.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Division of Sleep Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common, identifiable, and treatable disorder with serious health, safety, and financial implications - including sleepiness-related crashes and incidents - in workers who perform safety-sensitive functions in the transportation industry. Up to one third of crashes of large trucks are attributable to sleepiness, and large truck crashes result in more than 4,000 deaths annually. For each occupant of a truck who is killed, 6 to 7 occupants of other vehicles are killed. Treatment of OSA is cost-effective, lowers crash rates, and improves health and well-being. A large body of scientific evidence and expert consensus support the identification and treatment of OSA in transportation operators. An Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding the diagnosis and treatment of OSA in commercial truck and rail operators was issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), but it was later withdrawn. This reversal of the agencies' position has caused confusion among some, who have questioned whether efforts to identify and treat the disorder are warranted. In response, we urge key stakeholders, including employers, operators, legislators, payers, clinicians, and patients to engage in a collaborative, patient-centered approach to address the disorder. At a minimum, stakeholders should follow the guidelines issued by a Medical Review Board (MRB) commissioned by the FMCSA in 2016 alone, or in combination with the 2006 criteria developed by a joint task force. As research in this area continues to evolve, waiting is no longer an option, and the current standard of care demands action to mitigate the burden of serious health and safety risks due to this common, treatable disorder.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.9672DOI Listing
September 2021

Enhancing public health and safety by diagnosing and treating obstructive sleep apnea in the transportation industry: an American Academy of Sleep Medicine position statement.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Division of Sleep Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may lead to serious health, safety, and financial implications - including sleepiness-related crashes and incidents - in workers who perform safety-sensitive functions in the transportation industry. Evidence and expert consensus support its identification and treatment in high-risk commercial operators. An Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) regarding the diagnosis and treatment of OSA in commercial truck and rail operators was issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), but it was later withdrawn. This reversal has led to questions about whether efforts to identify and treat OSA are warranted. In the absence of clear directives, we urge key stakeholders, including clinicians and patients, to engage in a collaborative approach to address OSA by following, at a minimum, the 2016 guidelines issued by a Medical Review Board (MRB) of the FMCSA, alone or in combination with 2006 guidance by a joint task force. The current standard of care demands action to mitigate the serious health and safety risks of OSA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.9670DOI Listing
September 2021

ACOEM OEM Core Competencies: 2021.

J Occup Environ Med 2021 Jul;63(7):e445-e461

From the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Elk Grove, Illinois.

Competency is defined as possession of sufficient physical, intellectual, and behavioral qualifications to perform a task or serve in a role which adequately accomplishes a desired outcome. Recognizing the need for defining competencies essential to occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physicians, the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine developed its first set of OEM Competencies in 1998. Later updated in 2008, and again in 2014, the increasing globalization and modernization of the workplace, along with published research on OEM practice, required an update to ensure OEM physicians stay current with the field and practice of OEM. Delineation of core competencies for the profession provides employers, government agencies, health care organizations, and other health practitioners a solid context of the role and expertise of OEM physicians.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000002211DOI Listing
July 2021

Data and methods for studying commercial motor vehicle driver fatigue, highway safety and long-term driver health.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 May 9;126:37-42. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Work Environment, School of Health and Environment, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854, United States. Electronic address:

This article summarizes the recommendations on data and methodology issues for studying commercial motor vehicle driver fatigue of a National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine study. A framework is provided that identifies the various factors affecting driver fatigue and relating driver fatigue to crash risk and long-term driver health. The relevant factors include characteristics of the driver, vehicle, carrier and environment. Limitations of existing data are considered and potential sources of additional data described. Statistical methods that can be used to improve understanding of the relevant relationships from observational data are also described. The recommendations for enhanced data collection and the use of modern statistical methods for causal inference have the potential to enhance our understanding of the relationship of fatigue to highway safety and to long-term driver health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.02.021DOI Listing
May 2019

Medical Marijuana in the Workforce.

J Occup Environ Med 2015 Nov;57(11):e139

UnityPoint Health--St Luke's, Occupational Medicine, Sioux City, Iowa Novartis AG, East Hanover, NJ Occumedix, Inc, Dresher, Penn.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000516DOI Listing
November 2015

Medical marijuana in the workplace: challenges and management options for occupational physicians.

J Occup Environ Med 2015 May;57(5):518-25

From Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation (Dr Goldsmith), East Hanover; Johnson & Johnson (Dr Targino), New Brunswick, NJ; Department of Anesthesiology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (Dr. Fanciullo), Lebanon, NH; UnityPoint Health - St. Luke's, Occupational Medicine (Dr Martin), Sioux City, IA; Occumedix, Inc. (Dr Hartenbaum), Dresher, PA; Kaye Scholer LLP (Mr White), Washington, DC; and Bayer Corporation (Dr Franklin), Asbury, NJ.

Although possession and use of marijuana is prohibited by federal law, legalization in four states (Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington) and allowance for palliation and therapy in 19 others may reposition the drug away from the fringes of society. This evolving legal environment, and growing scientific evidence of its effectiveness for select health conditions, requires assessment of the safety and appropriateness of marijuana within the American workforce. Although studies have suggested that marijuana may be used with reasonable safety in some controlled environments, there are potential consequences to its use that necessitate employer scrutiny and concern. Several drug characteristics must be considered, including Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-THC, or THC) concentration, route of administration, dose and frequency, and pharmacokinetics, as well as the risks inherent to particular workplace environments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000454DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4410963PMC
May 2015

Certified medical examiners and screening for obstructive sleep apnea.

J Occup Environ Med 2015 Mar;57(3):e19-22

OccuMedix, Dresher, Penn.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000418DOI Listing
March 2015

What are the new requirements for performing commercial driver medical (DOT) examinations?

J Occup Environ Med 2014 Apr;56(4):e18-20

The Occupational Medicine Forum is prepared by the ACOEM Occupational and Environmental Medical Practice Committee and does not necessarily represent an official ACOEM position. The Forum is intended for health professionals and is not intended to provide medical or legal advice, including illness prevention, diagnosis or treatment, or regulatory compliance. Such advice should be obtained directly from a physician and/or attorney.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000104DOI Listing
April 2014

The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination: practical issues.

Am Fam Physician 2010 Apr;81(8):975-80

OccuMedix, Inc., Dresher, PA 19025, USA.

The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination aims to ensure that commercial drivers can safely perform all driving and nondriving work-related tasks. In conducting the examination and completing the related certification, the medical examiner must follow mandated medical standards and consider medical advisory criteria. Examiners should consider the substantial expert guidance provided in making certification determinations. For several common conditions, regulations and guidance are currently under review by medical review boards and expert panels, and major updates are likely in the near future. In addition, legislative changes are likely to require specific training and certification for medical examiners. These changes aim to increase the effectiveness of the commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination as a public health safeguard by reducing commercial motor vehicle crashes.
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April 2010
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