Publications by authors named "Natalia Timofeeva"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ibrutinib combinations in CLL therapy: scientific rationale and clinical results.

Blood Cancer J 2021 Apr 29;11(4):79. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Departments of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Ibrutinib has revolutionized the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). This drug irreversibly inhibits Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) by covalently binding to the C481 residue in the BTK kinase domain. BTK is a pivotal protein for B cell receptor signaling and tissue homing of CLL cells. Preclinical investigations have established the importance of the B cell receptor pathway in the maintenance and survival of normal and malignant B cells, underscoring the importance of targeting this axis for CLL. Clinical trials demonstrated overall and progression-free survival benefit with ibrutinib in multiple CLL subgroups, including patients with relapsed or refractory disease, patients with 17p deletion, elderly patients, and treatment-naïve patients. Consequently, ibrutinib was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for newly diagnosed and relapsed disease. Ibrutinib has transformed the treatment of CLL; however, several limitations have been identified, including low complete remission rates, development of resistance, and uncommon substantial toxicities. Further, ibrutinib must be used until disease progression, which imposes a financial burden on patients and society. These limitations were the impetus for the development of ibrutinib combinations. Four strategies have been tested in recent years: combinations of ibrutinib with immunotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy, cell therapy, and other targeted therapy. Here, we review the scientific rationale for and clinical outcome of each strategy. Among these strategies, ibrutinib with targeted agent venetoclax results in high complete response rates and, importantly, high rates of undetectable minimal residual disease. Although we concentrate here on ibrutinib, similar combinations are expected or ongoing with acalabrutinib, tirabrutinib, and zanubrutinib, second-generation BTK inhibitors. Future investigations will focus on the feasibility of discontinuing ibrutinib combinations after a defined time; the therapeutic benefit of adding a third agent to ibrutinib-containing combinations; and profiling of resistant clones that develop after combination treatment. A new standard of care for CLL is expected to emerge from these investigations.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41408-021-00467-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8085243PMC
April 2021

GATA1 mutation analysis and molecular landscape characterization in acute myeloid leukemia with trisomy 21 in pediatric patients.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Jan 2. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Accurate detection of GATA1 mutation is highly significant in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and trisomy 21 as it allows optimization of clinical protocol. This study was aimed at (a) enhanced search for GATA1 mutations; and (b) characterization of molecular landscapes for such conditions.

Methods: The DNA samples from 44 patients with newly diagnosed de novo AML with trisomy 21 were examined by fragment analysis and Sanger sequencing of the GATA1 exon 2, complemented by targeted high-throughput sequencing (HTS).

Results: Acquired GATA1 mutations were identified in 43 cases (98%). Additional mutations in the genes of JAK/STAT signaling, cohesin complex, and RAS pathway activation were revealed by HTS in 48%, 36%, and 16% of the cases, respectively.

Conclusions: The GATA1 mutations were reliably determined by fragment analysis and/or Sanger sequencing in a single PCR amplicon manner. For patients with extremely low blast counts and/or rare variants, the rapid screening with simple molecular approaches must be complemented with HTS. The JAK/STAT and RAS pathway-activating mutations may represent an extra option of targeted therapy with kinase inhibitors.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijlh.13451DOI Listing
January 2021

Metabolism meets apoptosis in AML.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 03 25;62(3):514-516. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2020.1858294DOI Listing
March 2021

Acute myeloid leukemia with t(10;11)(p11-12;q23.3): Results of Russian Pediatric AML registration study.

Int J Lab Hematol 2019 Apr 9;41(2):287-292. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Dmitry Rogachev National Medical and Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Translocations involving the KMT2A gene (also known as MLL) are frequently diagnosed in pediatric acute leukemia cases with either lymphoblastic or myeloid origin. KMT2A is translocated to multiple partner genes, including MLLT10/AF10 localizing at chromosomal band 10p12. KMT2A-MLLT10 is one of the common chimeric genes diagnosed in acute leukemia with KMT2A rearrangement (8%), especially in acute myeloid leukemia (AML; 18%). MLLT10 is localized in very close proximity to two other KMT2A partner genes at 10p11-12-NEBL and ABI1, so they could not be distinguished by conventional cytogenetics.

Methods: In this work, we present a cohort of 28 patients enrolled into Russian Pediatric AML registration study carrying rearrangements between chromosomal regions 11q23.3 and 10p11-12. G-banding, FISH, reverse transcription PCR, and long-distance inverse PCR were used to characterize the KMT2A gene rearrangements in these patients.

Results: We demonstrate that 25 patients harbor the KMT2A-MLLT10 rearrangement, while three patients show the rare KMT2A rearrangements (2× KMT2A-NEBL; 1× KMT2A-ABI1).

Conclusions: Therefore, the combination of cytogenetic and molecular genetic methods is of high importance in diagnosing cases with t(10;11)(p11-12;q23.3).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijlh.12969DOI Listing
April 2019
-->