Publications by authors named "Natalia Korepanova"

2 Publications

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Survival forests under test: Impact of the proportional hazards assumption on prognostic and predictive forests for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis survival.

Stat Methods Med Res 2020 May 15;29(5):1403-1419. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Institut für Epidemiologie, Biostatistik und Prävention, Universität Zürich, Switzerland.

We investigate the effect of the proportional hazards assumption on prognostic and predictive models of the survival time of patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We theoretically compare the underlying model formulations of several variants of survival forests and implementations thereof, including random forests for survival, conditional inference forests, Ranger, and survival forests with splitting, with two novel variants, namely distributional and transformation survival forests. Theoretical considerations explain the low power of log-rank-based splitting in detecting patterns in non-proportional hazards situations in survival trees and corresponding forests. This limitation can potentially be overcome by the alternative split procedures suggested herein. We empirically investigated this effect using simulation experiments and a re-analysis of the Pooled Resource Open-Access ALS Clinical Trials database of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis survival, giving special emphasis to both prognostic and predictive models.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0962280219862586DOI Listing
May 2020

Reduced vs. standard dose native E. coli-asparaginase therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: long-term results of the randomized trial Moscow-Berlin 2002.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2019 Apr 6;145(4):1001-1012. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Regional Oncological Hospital, Orenburg, Russia.

Purpose: Favorable outcomes were achieved for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with the first Russian multicenter trial Moscow-Berlin (ALL-MB) 91. One major component of this regimen included a total of 18 doses of weekly intramuscular (IM) native Escherichia coli-derived asparaginase (E. coli-ASP) at 10000 U/m during three consolidation courses. ASP was initially available from Latvia, but had to be purchased from abroad at substantial costs after the collapse of Soviet Union. Therefore, the subsequent trial ALL-MB 2002 aimed at limiting costs to a reasonable extent and also at reducing toxicity by lowering the dose for standard risk (SR-) patients to 5000 U/m without jeopardizing efficacy.

Methods: Between April 2002 and November 2006, 774 SR patients were registered in 34 centers across Russia and Belarus, 688 of whom were randomized. In arm ASP-5000 (n = 334), patients received 5000 U/m and in arm ASP-10000 (n = 354) 10 000 U/m IM.

Results: Probabilities of disease-free survival, overall survival and cumulative incidence of relapse at 10 years were comparable: 79 ± 2%, 86 ± 2% and 17.4 ± 2.1% (ASP-5000) vs. 75 ± 2% and 82 ± 2%, and 17.9 ± 2.0% (ASP-10000), while death in complete remission was significantly lower in arm ASP-5000 (2.7% vs. 6.5%; p = 0.029).

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that weekly 5000 U/mE. coli-ASP IM during consolidation therapy are equally effective, more cost-efficient and less toxic than 10000 U/m for SR patients with childhood ALL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00432-019-02854-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435612PMC
April 2019
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