Publications by authors named "Natalia Aguilera"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Human mesenchymal stem cells for the management of systemic sclerosis. Systematic review.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 Apr 18;20(6):102831. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Research Institute, Fundación Universitaria De Ciencias De La Salud, University of Health Sciences, Bogota, Colombia.

Introduction: Sistemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease with a high rate of progression and therapeutic failure, and treatment is a challenge, new therapeutic proposals being needed, being mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) considered as alternative therapy for SSc for its immunomodulatory capacity. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of human MSC (hMSC) in patients with SSc through a systematic literature review (SLR).

Methods: SLR (PRISMA guideline) on MEDLINE/OVID, LILACS, EMBASE, and Cochrane/OVID bases (until July 2020, without limits). All types of clinical studies were considered: patients ≥18 years old with SSc and treatment with hMSC.

Exclusion Criteria: animal models, autologous/allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplants, narrative reviews, letters to the editor. MeSH and "Key word" terms were used. The level of evidence and the quality rating were rated [Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) lists]. Registration in PROSPERO repository (ID CRD42020185245) The Synthesis Without Meta-analysis (SWiM) guideline was followed.

Results: We initially identified 508 articles, of which 11 were finally included (8 case series and 3 case reports). The 11 articles included 101 patients (85 female, age range 18-75 years). The level of evidence was mostly 4 (JBI); the quality of evidence was met (≥50% of JBI items). SWiM showed that vascular skin involvement (digital ulcers, necrosis, and gangrene) and associated pain were the predominant outcomes, while improvements were found in almost all cases. One patient died in the first month, and the frequency of complications was low. Expanded hMSCs were used in 24 patients and other cell sources in the remaining patients.

Conclusion: There is too little reported data to reach definite conclusions about the use of hMSC in SSc. Further studies with better epidemiological designs are needed to evaluate the benefit of hMSCs in SSc patients.
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April 2021

Unstimulated whole salivary flow in Sjögren's Syndrome: systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 02 3;61(1). Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Research Institute, Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS), Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Sjögren's Syndrome compromises the exocrine function, producing xerostomia and xerophthalmia. It can appear as an isolated condition or associated with other autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity). The Unstimulated Salivary Flow rate (UWSF) is used to quantify saliva production. There is no objective evidence to differentiate the values in patients with Sjögren's versus healthy people or patients with non-Sjögren's sicca. The objective of the present review was to evaluate the UWSF in patients with Sjögren's syndrome in comparison to controls (healthy and non-Sjögren's sicca patients).

Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out (PRISMA guidelines). Analytical observational studies of cases and controls, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies and randomized clinical trials (including healthy controls) were considered. The Medline/OVID, Lilacs, Embase, and Cochrane/OVID databases were consulted. MeSH, DeCS, keywords, and Boolean operators were used. The meta-analysis (RevMan 5.2) was done through the random-effects model [mean difference (MD)]. Level and quality of evidence were evaluated by the Oxford Center Levels of Evidence and Joanna Brigs list respectively.

Results: Thirty-two articles were included (20 were case-control studies, 6 were cross-sectional, 2 prospective cohort, 2 retrospective cohort, and 2 studies were abstracts) and 28 were meta-analyzed. The unstimulated whole salivary flow rate in the Sjögren's group was lower than in controls (healthy and patients with non-Sjögren Sicca syndrome) (MD-0.18 ml/min; 95% CI, - 0.24 to - 0.13; chi-P-value < 0.00001). Heterogeneity was 97% and there was publication bias (funnel plot). The level of evidence was mostly 3 or 4. The quality of evidence was met (97% of items valued).

Conclusion: For the first time, the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate is found to be lower in patients with Sjögren's syndrome compared to controls (healthy and non-SS sicca) through a meta-analysis.

Trial Registration: PROSPERO CRD42020211325 .
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February 2021

Establishing an acquisition and processing protocol for resting state networks with a 1.5 T scanner: A case series in a middle-income country.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(28):e21125

Department of Radiology.

Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize the capability of detection of the resting state networks (RSNs) with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy subjects using a 1.5T scanner in a middle-income country.

Materials And Methods: Ten subjects underwent a complete blood-oxygen-level dependent imaging (BOLD) acquisition on a 1.5T scanner. For the imaging analysis, we used the spatial independent component analysis (sICA). We designed a computer tool for 1.5 T (or above) scanners for imaging processing. We used it to separate and delineate the different components of the RSNs of the BOLD signal. The sICA was also used to differentiate the RSNs from noise artifact generated by breathing and cardiac cycles.

Results: For each subject, 20 independent components (IC) were computed from the sICA (a total of 200 ICs). From these ICs, a spatial pattern consistent with RSNs was identified in 161 (80.5%). From the 161, 131 (65.5%) were fit for study. The networks that were found in all subjects were: the default mode network, the right executive control network, the medial visual network, and the cerebellar network. In 90% of the subjects, the left executive control network and the sensory/motor network were observed. The occipital visual network was present in 80% of the subjects. In 39 (19.5%) of the images, no any neural network was identified.

Conclusions: Reproduction and differentiation of the most representative RSNs was achieved using a 1.5T scanner acquisitions and sICA processing of BOLD imaging in healthy subjects.
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July 2020

Arginine and glutamate levels in the gingival crevicular fluid from patients with chronic periodontitis.

Braz Dent J 2008 ;19(4):318-22

Behavioral and Physiology Laboratory, School of Medicine, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.

The objectives of this study were to determine arginine and glutamate levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of adult chronic periodontitis patients versus periodontally healthy controls, and to compare two kinds of microdialysis probes: normal and U-shaped probes. The analysis of GCF components was developed to improve the diagnosis of periodontal disease (PD). Proteolysis in the periodontal tissues increases the concentration of amino acids (aa) in the GCF and the levels of these aa may reveal PD features and stages. GCF samples were collected by microdialysis in situ from 5 periodontally affected sites (probing depth >or=5 mm, clinical attachment loss >or=3 mm) in 14 adult chronic periodontitis patients and from 14 adult periodontally healthy controls. Capillary zone electrophoresis coupled to laser induced fluorescence detection was used to measure concentration of arginine and glutamate in the GCF. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests (á=0.05). Arginine concentration was increased (p<0.001) and glutamate concentration was decreased (p<0.001) in chronic periodontitis patients as compared to controls. There were no significant differences (p=0.069) between the normal and U-shaped probes. In conclusion, the increase of arginine and decrease of glutamate concentration in GCF were associated to the presence of periodontitis, and might be used as markers to recognize periodontally susceptible subjects as well as to evaluate the treatment course.
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March 2009