Publications by authors named "Nasrollah Kalantari"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Groundwater vulnerability assessment in karstic aquifers using COP method.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Jul 2;25(19):18960-18979. Epub 2018 May 2.

Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Access to safe and reliable drinking water is amongst the important indicators of development in each society, and water scarcity is one of the challenges and limitations affecting development at national and regional levels and social life and economic activity areas. Generally, there are two types of drinking water sources: the first type is surface waters, including lakes, rivers, and streams and the second type is groundwaters existing in aquifers. Amongst aquifers, karst aquifers play an important role in supplying water sources of the world. Therefore, protecting these aquifers from pollution sources is of paramount importance. COP method is amongst the methods to investigate the intrinsic vulnerability of this type of aquifers, so that areas susceptible to contamination can be determined before being contaminated and these sources can be protected. In the present study, COP method was employed in order to spot the regions that are prone to contamination in the region. This method uses the properties of overlying geological layers above the water table (O factor), the concentration of flow (C factor), and precipitation (P factor) over the aquifer, as the parameters to assess the intrinsic vulnerability of groundwater resources. In this regard, geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) were utilized to prepare the mentioned factors and the intrinsic vulnerability map was obtained. The results of COP method indicated that the northwest and the west of the region are highly and very vulnerable. This study indicated that regions with low vulnerability were observed in eastern areas, which accounted for 15.6% of the area. Moderate vulnerability was 40% and related to the northeast and southeast of the area. High vulnerability was 38.2% and related to western and southwestern regions. Very high vulnerability was 6.2% and related to the northwest of the area. By means of the analysis of sensitivity of the model, it was determined that the focus factor of the flow has the greatest impact on the creation of vulnerability in the region. Also, these results were validated through electrical conductivity and discharge time series of the regional springs that are located in the vulnerable zones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1911-8DOI Listing
July 2018

Assessing the chemical behavior and spatial distribution of yttrium and rare earth elements (YREEs) in a coastal aquifer adjacent to the Urmia Hypersaline Lake, NW Iran.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2017 Sep 15;24(25):20502-20520. Epub 2017 Jul 15.

Department of Applied Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Kharazmi University, P.O. Box 31979-37551, Tehran, Iran.

This study aims to shed light on the seasonal behavior of yttrium and rare earth elements (YREEs) in the Urmia Aquifer (UA), in the immediate vicinity of Urmia Lake (UL) in Iran. Samples of groundwater, collected under dry and wet conditions in coastal wells of UA, suggest a large degree of variability in both YREE abundance and normalized patterns. Although weathering or water-rock interactions (between the surface/groundwater and rock samples) were predicted to be the most probable source in explaining YREEs in groundwater samples, results to the contrary indicate that the groundwater do not inherit aquifer rock-like YREE signatures in the study area; this might be due to the relative stability of YREEs during the process of water-rock interactions, which suggest that methods based on YREEs can be beneficial in discrimination of water sources. Furthermore, findings demonstrated no significant relationship between Ce/Ce* and salinity (0.08 and 0.05 in wet and dry seasons, respectively), and between Eu/Eu* and salinity (0.1 and -0.04 in wet and dry seasons, respectively). Dissimilarity of patterns of YREEs in rock and water samples reveals YREEs as no conservative tracers in determining the UL saltwater intrusion into coastal groundwater. Therefore, the groundwater YREE concentrations and fractionation patterns in UA warrant controlling by coastal aquifer need to be controlled by other chemical weathering, adsorption, desorption, and solution complexation reactions. Finally, comparison of REE concentration values in groundwater samples with corresponding indicative admissible drinking water concentrations (IAC) demonstrated their suitability for drinking purposes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9644-7DOI Listing
September 2017

Assessing the success of floodwater spreading projects using a fuzzy approach.

Water Sci Technol 2016 Oct;74(8):1980-1991

Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Institute (SCWMRI), Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.

Floodwater spreading (FWS) is an important multi-objective technology in soil-water resources management, particularly to utilize excess runoff. More than 37 such schemes have been implemented in Iran. To measure the success of FWS projects, the factors influencing their performance is a prerequisite. Experienced professionals were asked to participate in a poll to identify the key factors that govern project success; a total of 50 researchers ultimately participated in the study. Seven factors were identified as key success factors governing the effectiveness of FWS in Iran. Fuzzy logic formalism was used to determine the success of FWS projects by integrating the factors into a single number that demonstrates the overall degree of success. Evaluation of the developed fuzzy index showed that the Tasuj FWS performed better than the other FWS projects investigated in 2009.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.394DOI Listing
October 2016
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